NSCA's Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition

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NSCA’s Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition provides valuable information and guidelines that address the nutrition needs for the broad range of clientele serviced by strength and conditioning professionals, personal trainers, and sport dietitians. Whether you work with fitness enthusiasts or competitive athletes, this resource will lead you through the key concepts of sport and exercise nutrition so that you can assess an individual’s nutrition status and—if it falls within your scope of practice—develop customized nutrition plans. Developed by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) and subjected to an intensive peer-review process, this authoritative resource offers the latest research and literature review from respected scientists and practitioners with expertise in nutrition, exercise, and sport performance

NSCA’s Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition covers all aspects of food selection, digestion, metabolism, and hydration relevant to sport and exercise performance. This comprehensive resource will help you understand safe and effective ways to improve training and performance through natural nutrition-based ergogenic aids like supplementation and macronutrient intake manipulation. You will also learn guidelines about proper fluid intake to enhance performance and the most important criteria for effectively evaluating the quality of sport drinks and replacement beverages. Finally, cutting-edge findings on nutrient timing based on the type, intensity, and duration of activity will help you understand how to recommend the correct nutrients at the ideal time to achieve optimal performance results.

In addition to presenting research relating to sport and exercise nutrition, each chapter includes a professional application section that will help you make the connection between the literature and its practical implementation. Sidebars emphasize important topics, and reproducible forms consisting of a food log, brief athlete nutrition assessment, and goal-setting questionnaire can be copied and shared with your clients. A running glossary keeps key terms at your fingertips, and extensive references within the text offer starting points for your continued study and professional enrichment.

Each client and athlete requires a customized diet tailored to the frequency, intensity, duration, and specificity of the training and demands of the sport or activity. With NSCA’s Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition, you will learn how food, sport supplements, and their interactions with a client’s biological systems can enhance exercise and sport performance for optimal training, recovery, and competition.

NSCA’s Guide to Sport and Exercise Nutrition is part of the Science of Strength and Conditioning series. Developed with the expertise of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), this series of texts provides the guidelines for converting scientific research into practical application. The series covers topics such as tests and assessments, program design, nutrition, and special populations.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736083492
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 2/13/2011
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 505,699
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Founded in 1978, the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) is an international nonprofit educational association that serves 33,000 members in 56 countries. Drawing on its vast network of members, the NSCA develops and presents the most advanced information regarding strength training and conditioning practices, injury prevention, and research findings.

Unlike any other organization, the NSCA brings together a diverse group of professionals from the sport science, athletic, allied health, and fitness industries. By working to find practical applications for new research findings in the strength and conditioning field, the association fosters the development of strength training and conditioning as a discipline and as a profession.

Bill I. Campbell, PhD, CSCS, FISSN, is assistant professor and director of the Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory at the University of South Florida, an internationally recognized research laboratory dedicated to innovation in sport nutrition research. As a researcher and author, Campbell has published more than 100 articles and abstracts in scientific journals and over 45 articles for health and fitness magazines (print and electronic media). He was the lead author on the International Society of Sports Nutrition’s Position Stand: Protein and Exercise, which addresses some of the common questions and myths regarding protein intake and supplementation for athletes and physically active people

Campbell is a member of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN). Campbell is also a fellow of ISSN and serves on the organization’s advisory board. He received his PhD in exercise, nutrition, and preventive health from Baylor University in 2007. During this same year, he also received the Outstanding Doctoral Student Award for research and teaching. In 2009, Campbell received the Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching Award from the University of South Florida.

Marie A. Spano, MS, RD/LD, FISSN, CSCS, CSSD, is one of the country’s leading sport nutritionists. She combines science with practical experience to help Olympic, professional, and recreational athletes implement customized nutrition plans to maximize athletic performance. Also a nutrition communications expert, Spano consults with leading food, beverage, and supplement companies regarding public relations and communications strategies.

Spano enjoys the challenge of communicating scientific information in an approachable, understandable format to a variety of audiences. She has appeared on NBC, ABC, Fox, and CBS affiliates. She has also authored hundreds of magazine articles, trade publication articles, book chapters, e-zines, and marketing materials.

A three-sport collegiate athlete, Spano earned her master’s degree in nutrition from the University of Georgia and her bachelor’s degree in exercise and sport science from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro (UNCG), where she also ran Division I cross country. Her experience as a college athlete gives her perspective on working with athletes of all levels, especially student-athletes. She has a firsthand understanding of how the demands of athletics, psychological aspects of injury, and sleep, recovery, and sound nutrition can affect an athlete’s overall well-being and performance

Spano is a member of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), the American Dietetic Association (ADA), the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), and Sports, Cardiovascular, and Wellness Nutrition (SCAN). She currently serves as vice president for the ISSN and is a member of the NSCA’s Nutrition Special Interest Group.

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Table of Contents

Introduction vii

1 Foods and Fluids for Training and Sport Performance Bill I. Campbell Marie A. Spano 1

New Developments in Nutrition Research 2

Topics in Nutrition and Performance 3

Professional Applications 9

Summary Points 10

2 Carbohydrate Donovan L. Fogt 11

Types of Carbohydrate 12

Carbohydrate Regulation in the Body 18

Carbohydrate and Performance 25

Professional Applications 30

Summary Points 31

3 Protein Richard B. Kreider 33

Protein in the Body 33

Types of Protein 36

Protein and Performance 43

Professional Applications 46

Summary Points 47

4 Fat Lonnie Lowery 49

Fat Digestion and Absorption 49

Types of Fat 51

Dietary Fat and Performance 60

Professional Applications 67

Summary Points 69

5 Fluids Bob Seebohar 71

Fluid Balance During Exercise 73

Measuring Hydration Status 76

Hydration and Performance 77

Age-Related Fluid Needs 81

Professional Applications 84

Summary Points 85

6 Vitamins and Minerals Henry C. Lukaski 87

Micronutrient Requirements for Athletes 90

Vitamins and Performance 92

Minerals and Performance 99

Professional Applications 106

Summary Points 108

7 Strength and Power Supplements Colin Wilborn Bill I. Campbell 109

Creatine 112

HMB 115

Protein and Amino Acids 117

Beta-Alanine 121

Professional Applications 123

Summary Points 125

8 Aerobic Endurance Supplements Bob Seebohar 127

Sport Drinks as Ergogenic Aids 127

Amino Acids and Protein for Aerobic Endurance Athletes 131

High Molecular Weight Carbohydrates 136

Caffeine 138

Sodium Bicarbonate and Citrate 141

Professional Applications 142

Summary Points 146

9 Nutrient Timing Chad M. Kerksick 149

Nutrient Timing and Aerobic Endurance Performance 150

Nutrient Intake and Recovery 161

Nutrient Timing, Resistance Training, and Strength and Power Performance 165

Professional Applications 176

Summary Points 181

10 Energy Expenditure and Body Composition Paul La Bounty Jose Antonio 183

Energy Balance 184

Hypocaloric Diets 186

Hypercaloric Diets 194

Sport Supplements to Improve Body Composition 197

Professional Applications 200

Summary Points 201

11 Nutritional Needs Analysis Marie A. Spano 203

Measuring Body Composition 203

Recording and Analyzing Food Intake 209

Professional Applications 215

Summary Points 218

12 Consultation and Development of Athlete Plans Amanda Carlson Phillips 223

Providing Nutrition Knowledge 224

Maintaining Confidentiality 226

Developing the Athlete's Nutrition Plan 229

Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating 240

Female Athlete Triad 244

Professional Applications 245

Summary Points 246

References 249

Index 301

About the Editors 309

Contributors 311

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