Nuclear and Particle Physics: An Introduction / Edition 2

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Overview

An accessible introduction to nuclear and particle physics with equal coverage of both topics, this text covers all the standard topics in particle and nuclear physics thoroughly and provides a few extras, including chapters on experimental methods; applications of nuclear physics including fission, fusion and biomedical applications; and unsolved problems for the future. It includes basic concepts and theory combined with current and future applications. An excellent resource for physics and astronomy undergraduates in higher-level courses, this text also serves well as a general reference for graduate studies.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Enthusiastically recommended as a useful addition to any college or university library." (CHOICE, December 2006)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470742754
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 4/27/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 454
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Professor Brian R Martin, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London
Professor Martin is a highly respected academic in his field and has already co-authored a successful book for Wiley (Particle Physics 2/E) that is part of the Manchester Physics Series. He has recently stepped down as Head of Department at UCL after 10 years in the post.
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Table of Contents

Preface to Second Edition.

Notes.

1. Basic Concepts.

1.1 History.

1.2 Relativity and Antiparticles.

1.3 Space-Time Symmetries and Conservation Laws.

1.4 Interactions and Feynman Diagrams.

1.5 Particle Exchange: Forces and Potentials.

1.6 Observable Quantities: Cross-sections and Decay Rates.

1.7 Units: Length, Mass and Energy.

Problems.

2. Nuclear Phenomenology.

2.1 Mass Spectroscopy .

2.2 Nuclear Shapes and Sizes.

2.3 Semi-Empirical Mass Formula: the Liquid Drop Model.

2.4 Nuclear Instability.

2.5 Radioactive Decay.

2.6 βDecay Phenomenology.

2.7 Fission.

2.8 γDecays.

2.9 Nuclear Reactions.

Problems.

3. Particle Phenomenology.

3.1 Leptons.

3.2 Quarks.

3.3 Hadrons.

Problems.

4. Experimental Methods.

4.1 Overview.

4.2 Accelerators and Beams.

4.3 Particle Interactions with Matter.

4.4 Particle Detectors.

4.5 Multi-Component Detector Systems.

Problems.

5. Quark Dynamics: The Strong Interaction .

5.1 Colour.

5.2 Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD).

5.3 Heavy Quark Bound States.

5.4 The Strong Coupling Constant and Asymptotic Freedom.

5.5 Quark-Gluon Plasma.

5.6 Jets and Gluons.

5.7 Colour Counting.

5.8 Deep Inelastic Scattering and Nucleon Structure.

Problems.

6. Weak Interactions And Electroweak Unification.

6.1 Charged and Neutral Currents.

6.2 Symmetries of the Weak Interaction.

6.3 Spin Structure of the Weak Interactions.

6.4 W± and Z0 Bosons.

6.5 Weak Interactions of Hadrons: Charged Currents.

6.6 Meson Decays and CP Violation.

6.7 Neutral Currents and the Unified Theory.

Problems.

7. Models And Theories Of Nuclear Physics .

7.1 The Nucleon-Nucleon Potential.

7.2 Fermi Gas Model.

7.3 Shell Model.

7.4 Non-Spherical Nuclei.

7.5 Summary of Nuclear Structure Models.

7.6 α-Decay.

7.7 β-Decay.

7.8 γ-Emission and Internal Conversion.

Problems.

8. Applications Of Nuclear Physics.

8.1 Fission.

8.2 Fusion.

8.3 Nuclear Weapons.

8.4 Biomedical applications.

Problems.

9. Outstanding Questions and Future Prospects.

9.1 Overview.

9.2 Hadrons and Nuclei .

9.3 The Origin of Mass: the Higgs Boson .

9.4 The Nature of the Neutrino.

9.5 Beyond the Standard Model: Unification Schemes.

9.6 Particle Astrophysics.

9.7 Nuclear Medicine.

9.8 Power Production and Nuclear Waste.

Appendix A: Some Results In Quantum Mechanics.

A.1 Barrier Penetration.

A.2 Density of States.

A.3 Perturbation Theory and the Second Golden Rule.

A.4 Isospin Formalism.

A.4.1 Isospin operators and quark states.

A.4.2 Hadron states.

Appendix B: Relativistic Kinematics.

B.1 Lorentz Transformations and Four-Vectors.

B.2 Frames of Reference.

B.3 Invariants.

Problems B.

Appendix C: Rutherford Scattering.

C.1 Classical Physics.

C.2 Quantum Mechanics.

Problems C.

Appendix D: Gauge Theories.

D.1 Gauge Invariance and the Standard Model.

D.1.1 Electromagnetism and the gauge principle.

D.1.2 The standard model.

D.2 Particle Masses and the Higgs Field.

Appendix E: Data.

E.1 Physical Constants and Conversion Factors.

E.2 Tables of Particle Properties.

D.2.1 Gauge bosons.

D.2.2 Leptons.

D.2.3 Quarks.

D.2.4 Baryons.

D.2.5 Mesons.

E.3 Tables of Nuclear Properties.

D.3.1 Properties of naturally occurring isotopes.

D.3.2 The periodic table.

Appendix F: Solutions To Problems.

References.

Bibliography.

Index.

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