Nuclear Chemical Engineering / Edition 2

Nuclear Chemical Engineering / Edition 2

by Manson Benedict, Hans Levi, Thomas Pigford
     
 

ISBN-10: 0070045313

ISBN-13: 9780070045316

Pub. Date: 09/28/1981

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

Completely updated and revised,the Second Edition of this classic reference work reflects the progress made in the field of Nuclear Engineering during the past ten years. This book can be used by both practicing engineers and graduate students.

Overview

Completely updated and revised,the Second Edition of this classic reference work reflects the progress made in the field of Nuclear Engineering during the past ten years. This book can be used by both practicing engineers and graduate students.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780070045316
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
09/28/1981
Series:
McGraw-Hill Series in Nuclear Engineerin
Edition description:
2d ed
Pages:
1024
Product dimensions:
6.78(w) x 9.53(h) x 2.38(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Chemical Engineering Aspects of Nuclear Power
1(25)
Introduction
1(1)
Nuclear Fission
2(3)
Nuclear Fuels
5(2)
Nuclear Reactor Types
7(3)
Fuel Processing Flow Sheets
10(5)
Fuel-Cycle Operations
15(5)
Fuel Reprocessing
20(2)
Isotope Separation
22(1)
Nuclear Fusion
23(3)
References
24(1)
Problems
25(1)
Nuclear Reactions
26(58)
Nuclides
26(1)
Radioactivity
27(8)
Decay Chains
35(7)
Neutron Reactions
42(11)
The Fission Process
53(10)
Growth and Decay of Nuclides with Simultaneous Radioactive Decay, Neutron Absorption, and Continuous Processing
63(13)
Derivation of the Bateman Equation (2.17) by Laplace Transforms
76(8)
Nomenclature
78(2)
References
80(1)
Problems
81(3)
Fuel Cycles for Nuclear Reactors
84(73)
Nuclear Fuels
84(3)
Effects of Irradiation on Nuclear Fuels
87(3)
Fuel and Poison Management
90(15)
Fuel Management in a Large Pressurized-Water Reactor
105(8)
Fuel-Cycle Costs
113(13)
Hand Calculation of Fuel-Cycle Performance
126(18)
Fuel-Cycle Material Flow Sheets
144(13)
Nomenclature
151(2)
References
153(1)
Problems
154(3)
Solvent Extraction of Metals
157(59)
Applications
157(1)
Extractable Metal-Organic Complexes
157(3)
Solvent Extraction Principles
160(5)
Distribution Coefficients
165(7)
Solvent Requirements
172(1)
Theory of Countercurrent Equilibrium Extraction
173(25)
Solvent Extraction Equipment
198(18)
Nomenclature
211(1)
References
212(2)
Problems
214(2)
Uranium
216(67)
Uranium Isotopes
216(1)
Uranium Radioactive Decay Series
217(5)
Metallic Uranium
222(1)
Uranium Compounds
223(6)
Uranium Solution Chemistry
229(3)
Sources of Uranium
232(2)
Uranium Resource Estimates
234(2)
Concentration of Uranium
236(30)
Uranium Refining
266(8)
Production of Uranium Metal
274(9)
References
280(1)
Problems
281(2)
Thorium
283(35)
Uses of Thorium
283(1)
Thorium Isotopes
283(2)
Thorium Radioactivity
285(2)
Metallic Thorium
287(2)
Thorium Compounds
289(4)
Thorium Solution Chemistry
293(1)
Thorium Resources
294(4)
Concentration and Extraction of Thorium
298(9)
Purification of Thorium
307(2)
Conversion of Thorium Nitrate to Oxide, Fluoride, Chloride, or Metal
309(9)
References
315(2)
Problems
317(1)
Zirconium and Hafnium
318(34)
Uses of Zirconium and Hafnium
318(1)
Natural Occurrence
319(1)
Production and Price
319(1)
Zirconium and Hafnium Metal and Alloys
320(3)
Zirconium and Hafnium Compounds
323(7)
Extraction of Zirconium and Hafnium from Zircon
330(3)
Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium
333(9)
Production of Metallic Zirconium and Hafnium
342(6)
Alternatives for Producing Hafnium-Free Zirconium from Zircon
348(4)
References
348(2)
Problems
350(2)
Properties of Irradiated Fuel and Other Reactor Materials
352(55)
Fission-Product Radioactivity
352(12)
Radioactivity of the Actinides
364(23)
Effect of Fuel-Cycle Alternatives on Properties of Irradiated Fuel
387(4)
Radioactivity from Neutron Activation
391(10)
Neutron Activity in Recycled Fuel
401(6)
Nomenclature
404(1)
References
405(1)
Problems
406(1)
Plutonium and Other Actinide Elements
407(50)
General Chemical Properties of the Actinides
407(13)
Properties of Protactinium
420(4)
Properties of Neptunium
424(2)
Properties of Plutonium
426(23)
Properties of Americium
449(2)
Properties of Curium
451(6)
References
454(2)
Problems
456(1)
Fuel Reprocessing
457(108)
Objectives of Reprocessing
457(1)
Composition of Irradiated Fuel
457(1)
History of Reprocessing
458(8)
The Purex Process
466(48)
Reprocessing Thorium-Based Fuels
514(13)
Reprocessing LMFBR Fuels
527(10)
Neptunium Recovery in Reprocessing
537(10)
Prevention of Criticality in Reprocessing Plants
547(18)
References
556(7)
Problems
563(2)
Radioactive Waste Management
565(62)
Introduction
565(2)
High-Level Waste
567(37)
Non-High-Level Waste
604(5)
Special Radioactive Waste
609(4)
Disposal of Radioactive Waste
613(5)
Assessment of Long-Term Safety
618(9)
References
624(2)
Problems
626(1)
Stable Isotopes: Uses, Separation Methods, and Separation Principles
627(81)
Uses of Stable Isotopes
627(2)
Isotope Separation Methods
629(15)
Terminology
644(3)
Stage Properties
647(4)
Types of Cascade
651(2)
The Simple Cascade
653(1)
The Recycle Cascade
654(4)
The Ideal Cascade
658(7)
Close-Separation Cascade
665(2)
Separative Capacity, Separative Work, and Separation Potential
667(7)
Differential Equation for Separation Potential
674(3)
Equilibrium Time for Isotope Separation Plants
677(7)
Squared-off Cascade
684(1)
Generalized Ideal Cascade
685(8)
Three-Component Isotope Separation
693(15)
Nomenclature
701(2)
References
703(2)
Problems
705(3)
Separation of Isotopes of Hydrogen and Other Light Elements
708(104)
Sources of Deuterium
708(2)
Deuterium Production Processes and Plants
710(2)
Separation Factors in Distillation
712(5)
Distillation of Hydrogen
717(5)
Distillation of Water
722(16)
Electrolysis
738(11)
Electrolysis and Steam-Hydrogen Exchange
749(7)
Separation Factors in Deuterium Exchange Processes
756(4)
Number of Theoretical Stages in Exchange Columns
760(2)
Monothermal Exchange Processes
762(5)
Dual-Temperature Water-Hydrogen Sulfide Exchange Process
767(25)
Dual-Temperature Ammonia-Hydrogen Exchange Process
792(5)
Methylamine-Hydrogen Exchange Processes
797(2)
Dual-Temperature Water-Hydrogen Exchange Processes
799(1)
Exchange Processes for Separation of Lithium Isotopes
800(1)
Exchange Processes for Other Elements
801(11)
Nomenclature
804(2)
References
806(2)
Problems
808(4)
Uranium Isotope Separation
812(121)
Introduction
812(1)
Isotopic Content of Uranium
813(2)
Uranium Enrichment Projects
815(3)
Gaseous Diffusion
818(29)
The Gas Centrifuge
847(29)
Aerodynamic Processes
876(19)
Mass Diffusion
895(11)
Thermal Diffusion
906(8)
Laser Isotope Separation
914(19)
Nomenclature
922(3)
References
925(4)
Problems
929(4)
Appendixes 933(50)
A Fundamental Physical Constants
933(2)
B Conversion Factors
935(2)
C Properties of the Nuclides
937(42)
D Radioactivity Concentration Limits for Selected Radionuclides
979(4)
Index 983

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