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Nuclear Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security

Overview

Experts agree, though it is already important, nuclear power will soon be critical to the maintenance of contemporary society. With the heightened importance of nuclear energy comes a heightened threat of terrorism. The possibility of nuclear energy infrastructure terrorism-that is, the use of weapons to cause damage to the nuclear energy industrial sector, which would have widespread, devastating effects-is very real. In Nuclear Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security, authors Frank R. Spellman and ...

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Nuclear Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security

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Overview

Experts agree, though it is already important, nuclear power will soon be critical to the maintenance of contemporary society. With the heightened importance of nuclear energy comes a heightened threat of terrorism. The possibility of nuclear energy infrastructure terrorism-that is, the use of weapons to cause damage to the nuclear energy industrial sector, which would have widespread, devastating effects-is very real. In Nuclear Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security, authors Frank R. Spellman and Melissa L. Stoudt present all the information needed for nuclear infrastructure employers and employees to handle security threats they must be prepared to meet. The book focuses on three interrelated nuclear energy infrastructure segments: nuclear reactors, radioactive materials, and nuclear waste. It presents common-sense methodologies in a straightforward manner, so the text is accessible even to those with little experience with nuclear energy who are nonetheless concerned about the protection of our nuclear infrastructure. Important safety and security principles are outlined, along with security measures that can be implemented to ensure the safety of nuclear facilities.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781605907130
  • Publisher: Government Institutes
  • Publication date: 1/16/2011
  • Pages: 294
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Frank R. Spellman is Assistant Professor of Environmental Health at Old Dominion University. He is the author of more than fifty books, including Water Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security (GI, 2007) and Food Supply Protection and Homeland Security (GI, 2008). Melissa L. Stoudt is a radiation controls training instructor at an atomic power laboratory. Previously, she instructed students and officers of the US Navy in proper radiation controls and handling of radioactive material.

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Table of Contents

Preface vii

Prologue: A Trip to Town 1

1 Introduction 3

U.S. Nuclear Infrastructure: A Tough Nut to Crack 3

Nuclear Event Metrics 3

Wake-up Calls 6

The Ultimate Wake-Up Call 7

Case Study 1.1. Glowin' in the Dark 13

What Is Terrorism? 19

Vocabulary of Hate 24

2 Critical Infrastructure 41

What Is Critical Infrastructure? 41

Nuclear Power Infrastructure 44

The Bottom Line 47

3 U.S. Nuclear Power Sector 49

Introduction 49

Key Terms: Nuclear Power 51

Basics 55

U.S. Nuclear Power: An Overview (EIA 2009b) 56

Nuclear Power Sector: A Regulated Environment 63

The Bottom Line 70

4 Nuclear Power Sector Security 73

Introduction 73

NRC Security Measures 77

Layers of Defense 77

Homeland Security Directives 80

5 Vulnerability Assessment (VA) 85

Introduction 85

Vulnerabilities 86

Vulnerability Assessment (VA) 87

General Sector Vulnerability Assessment Process 91

General Sector Vulnerability Assessment Methodology (U.S. DOE 2002) 95

Vulnerability Assessment Procedures 102

Nuclear Power Plant Vulnerability Assessment Process 104

6 Preparation: Security Assessment 107

Introduction 107

Threats and Incidents 108

Overview of Reactor Security 110

Design Basis Threat (DBT) 111

Large Aircraft Crashes 113

Force-on-Force Exercises 115

Spent Fuel Storage 116

Security Personnel and Other Issues 117

7 Cyber Security 123

Cyber Terrorism: What Is It? 123

Planning a Computer Attack 125

Corrective Actions 127

NRC Physical Security Regulations (10 CFR Part 73) 128

Waterfall Life Cycle Security Model 143

Networks and Standalones 149

Portable Computing 150

The Human-Error Factor 153

Computer Security Auditing 155

Data Protection 156

Automated Tools for Data Security Systems 160

Computer Security ... Cradle to Grave ... 161

In-House or Outsourced Security? 162

Cyber Security: The Bottom Line 163

8 SCADA 165

Nuclear Power and Cyberspace 167

What Is SCADA? 169

SCADA Vulnerabilities 172

Steps to Improve SCADA Security 179

9 Security Techniques and Hardware 189

Bottled Water Security versus Nuclear Power Security 190

Physical Protection 191

Threat Assessment 192

Physical Protection Areas 197

Intrusion Detection 199

Assessment 200

Armed Response 200

Security Hardware Devices 201

Monitoring Devices 245

Communication Integration 247

Cyber Protection Devices 251

10 Emergency Response 257

Nuclear Power Plant Contingency Planning 259

Federal Oversight 259

Emergency Planning Zones 260

Emergency Classification 261

Protective Actions 261

Evacuation, Sheltering, and the Use of Potassium Iodide 262

Terrorism and Emergency Preparedness 263

Epilogue: The Paradigm Shift 265

Fourteen Features of Active and Effective Security 266

Index 275

About the Authors 283

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