Nuclear War And Nuclear Peace

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Overview

This book began as a personal effort to comprehend the effect of nuclear weapons on the current era and its international system. Nuclear weapons have not merely revolutionized the military sphere but havce also left their stamp on the world order. Knowledge of the basic principles of nuclear strategy has become a prerequisite to understanding world events. Consequently, no country can remain indifferent to nuclear strategy or can consider itself exempt from its implications. The very importance of the subject precludes the assumption of a narrow technical or military point of view. Political, historical, moral, and even religious implications must be considered.

Nuclear War and Nuclear Peace serves as an introduction to the study of modern strategy within the framework of international relations, as well as a basic account for laymen to the intricacies of modern strategy and its ramifications. It deals with a wide range of problems: deterrence and its implications; surprise; and preemptive and preventative attack. The problems of quantities of nuclear weapons, limitations of war (conventional, tactical and strategic), and proliferation of nuclear weapons are also discussed. In the end Harkabi introduces alternate global approaches and the problem of coalitions in the nuclear era. By focusing on disarmament and arms control; peace in the shadow of terror; and stability of the international system and peace research he brings relevance to his study in terms of the current world climate.

Many books and articles have been published on nuclear strategy. Most have been designed to formulate strategic policies to suit the needs of particular countries and influence their policy. Most books on nuclear strategy have appeared in the United States, with strategic prescriptions for the United States. This book will be of tremendous interest to anyone wishing to understand the major problems of our contemporary world from a global perspective.

Yehoshafat Harkabi is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Harvard University. He participated in the armistice negotiations held at Rhodes, and served as chief of Intelligence of the Israel Armed Forces. He was in charge of Strategic Research in the Israel Ministry of Defence. He has also published extensively on the Arab-Israel conflict. Until his retirement he was lecturer in International Relations and Middle East Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412807586
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 3/15/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Yehoshafat Harkabi (1921-1994) was professor and director of the Leonard Davis Institute of International Relations and Middle East Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and chief of intelligence of the Israel Defense Forces from 1955 until 1959.

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Table of Contents

Publisher's Note     v
Introduction     xi
Nuclear Strategy     1
Deterrence     9
What Is Deterrence     9
The Elements of Deterrence     11
Capability     11
Intention     19
Capability and Intention Combined     24
Residual Deterrence     25
Violence, Credibility and Deterrence     28
Mutuality of Deterrence-the Rationality of Irrationality     35
Factors in the Balance of Deterrence     38
Strategic Concepts: Surrise, Preemption and Stability     41
Strategic Doctrines: The Size of Forces Required     52
The Minimalist Approach     53
The Maximalist Theory     54
Divergent Assumptions of the Two Doctrines     60
Political Circumstances Influencing Doctrines; The Strategic Balance Between the Great Powers and Its Stabilization     66
U.S. Strategic Forces     67
Soviet Strategic Forces     68
Strategic Doctrines: Composition of Forces     72
Counterforce Strategy     73
Countercity or Counter Value Strategy     75
Analysis and Evaluation     77
Counterforce Strategy     77
Countercity Strategy     80
Mixed Strategy     81
Limited War-Conventional and Nuclear     84
Limited Strategic War-Controlled Nuclear Reprisal     97
The Universe of Violence     103
Deterrences and Balances     103
The Factors of Power     108
Principles of Strategy-Dualism     111
The Soviet Concept of Strategy; The Strategic Dialogue     112
Communication of the Threat     124
Forms of Threats     124
The Explicit Threat, Official or Unofficial     125
The Implicit or Implied Threat     125
Specific and General Threats     126
The Provocative Threat     127
Exaggeration of a Threat (Blackmail and Bluff)     128
Means of Persuasion     128
Demonstration of Force     130
Alliance in the Nuclear Era-Nato     132
Alliances     132
Nato Strategic Concepts and United States Opposition to Independent Nuclear Forces in Europe     134
National Nuclear Weapons, Pros and Cons     137
Arguments for National Nuclear Weapons     137
Arguments Against National Nuclear weapons     140
Conventional Forces      144
Nuclear Weapons and Problems of Control in Nato     147
Missiles     147
The Problem of Control     148
Nuclear Sharing     150
Multilateral and Multinational Forces     151
A European Force and National Forces     152
European Community and Atlantic Community     154
Nuclear Weapons-Integrative or Divisive     156
Proliferation and the Outbreak of War     160
Nuclear Proliferation     160
Possibilities for the Outbreak of War     167
Unpremeditated War     168
War by Miscalculation     172
Premeditated War     173
Catalytic War     176
Nuclear War and Its Consequences     178
Further Developments in War     181
Disarmament and Arms Control     184
The Difference Between Disarmament and Arms Control     184
Strategic Stability, the Arms Race and Arms Control     191
Difficulties in Disarmament and Arms Control Agreements     197
Inspection and Verification     201
Agreements and Proposed Procedures     204
Nuclear Test-bans     204
Curtailment of the Military use of Outer Space     210
Regional Disarmament and Disengagement     210
Some Proposals and Ideas     218
Disarmament Under U.N. Auspices; 'Complete and General Disarmament'     222
Unilateral Disarmament     227
Disarmament, World Government and the Rule of Law     231
Complexities of a Nuclear World     236
Innovations of the Nuclear Era     236
Violence in the World Order     239
The Negation of War and Safeguards for Security and Peace     239
Aggression     245
Limitation on the Use of Force     247
Growth of Internal Violence     248
Peace in the Shadow of Terror     250
Nuclear Peace and the Cold War     250
Stability in a world of 'Nuclear Affluence'     257
The Community of Fear     260
The Status Quo and 'Peaceful Change'     262
Peace Research     265
Complexities     275
Notes     281
Selected Bibliography     291
Questions     293
Index     299

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