Nucleus and Nation: Scientists, International Networks, and Power in India

Nucleus and Nation: Scientists, International Networks, and Power in India

by Robert S. Anderson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0226019756

ISBN-13: 9780226019758

Pub. Date: 05/15/2010

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

In 1974 India joined the elite roster of nuclear world powers when it exploded its first nuclear bomb. But the technological progress that facilitated that feat was set in motion many decades before, as India sought both independence from the British and respect from the larger world. Over the course of the twentieth century, India metamorphosed from a marginal

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Overview

In 1974 India joined the elite roster of nuclear world powers when it exploded its first nuclear bomb. But the technological progress that facilitated that feat was set in motion many decades before, as India sought both independence from the British and respect from the larger world. Over the course of the twentieth century, India metamorphosed from a marginal place to a serious hub of technological and scientific innovation. It is this tale of transformation that Robert S. Anderson recounts in Nucleus and Nation.

Tracing the long institutional and individual preparations for India’s first nuclear test and its consequences, Anderson begins with the careers of India’s renowned scientists—Meghnad Saha, Shanti Bhatnagar, Homi Bhabha, and their patron Jawaharlal Nehru—in the first half of the twentieth century before focusing on the evolution of the large and complex scientific community—especially Vikram Sarabhi—in the later part of the era. By contextualizing Indian debates over nuclear power within the larger conversation about modernization and industrialization, Anderson hones in on the thorny issue of the integration of science into the framework and self-reliant ideals of Indian nationalism. In this way, Nucleus and Nation is more than a history of nuclear science and engineering and the Indian Atomic Energy Commission; it is a unique perspective on the history of Indian nationhood and the politics of its scientific community.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226019758
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
05/15/2010
Pages:
736
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Prface

Acknowledgments

Note on Spelling, Photographs, and Currencies

Map of Atomic Energy, Space, and Defense Research Centers in 1974

Atomic Energy, Space, and Defense Research Centers in 1974

List of Abbreviations

One Introduction 1

Two Building Scientific Careers in the 1920s: Saha and Bhatnagar, from London to Allahabad and Lahore 23

Three The Bangalore Affair, 1935-38: Scientists and Conflict around C. V. Raman 57

Four Imagining a Scientific State: Nehru, Scientists, and Political Planning, 1938-42 79

Five Homi Bhabha Confronts Science in India, 1939-44 97

Six Indian Scientists Engage the Empire: The CSIR and the Idea of Atomic and Industrial Power 107

Seven Saha, Bhatnagar, and Bhabha in Contrast, 1944-45 123

Eight Restless in Calcutta: Meghnad Saha's Institution-Building 133

Nine Bhatnagar Builds a Chain of National Laboratories and Steps Upward 149

Ten Bhabha Builds His Institute in Bombay 169

Eleven The Politics of the Early Indian Atomic Energy Committee and Commission 183

Twelve Scientists' Networks, Nehru, and India's Defense Research and Development 205

Thirteen A Scientist in the Political System: Professor Saha Goes to Parliament, 1952-56 227

Fourteen The Indian Cabinet and Scientific Advice in the 1950s and 1960s: Bhabha, Atomic Energy, and Reforming Scientific and Industrial Research 249

Fifteen A New Scientific Elite: Sarabhai Builds Another Atomic Energy Network, 1966-71 277

Sixteen A Day in the Life of Two Research Institutes in Bombay and Calcutta 291

Seventeen Governance, Management, and Working Conditions in Research Institutes Founded by Saha and Bhabha 311

Eighteen Governance and Influence in the Research Institutes Bhatnagar Built 351

Nineteen Articulating Science and Technology Policy for Indira Gandhi's Cabinet 369

Twenty Building a High-Technology Economy through Atomic Energy, Space, and Electronics 395

Twenty-One Nuclear Expectations and Resistance in India's Political Economy 427

Twenty-Two Scientists in India's War over Self-Reliance 443

Twenty-Three The First Bomb Test: Its Context, Reception, and Consequences in India 479

Twenty-Four The Scientific Community, the State of Emergency, and After, 1975-80 499

Twenty-Five Conclusions 523

Chronology of Events 571

Biographical Notes 577

Notes 591

Index of Names 671

Subject Index 677

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