Nuremburg War Crimes Trial, 1945-46: A Documentary History / Edition 1

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Between November 1945 and October 1946, 22 high-ranking Nazi officials defended themselves before the International Military Tribunal. Reproducing significant sections of the trial record, this volume also outlines the background to the trial, traces the preparations made by the principle actors in the courtroom, and considers how the prosecution, defense, and tribunal dealt with the counts against the accused.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312136918
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 1/28/1997
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 276
  • Sales rank: 336,960
  • Product dimensions: 5.49 (w) x 8.24 (h) x 0.41 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael R. Marrus is professor of history at the University of Toronto, a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and a regular speaker at the U.S. Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C. An internationally renowned Holocaust scholar, Marrus is the author of five books and numerous articles on European history, including the award-winning works Vichy France and the Jews (1981, 1995), written with Robert O. Paxton, and The Holocaust in History (1987). He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a visiting professor at UCLA, and a visiting fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University and St. Antony’s College, Oxford.

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Table of Contents


1. Historical Precedents
Commission of Responsibilities, Majority Report, March 29, 1919
United States Representatives on the Commission of Responsibilities, Memorandum of Reservations to the Majority Report April 4, 1919
The Treaty of Versailles, 1919
Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928
Henry L. Stimson, Speech before the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, Augst 8, 1932

2. Background
Winston S. Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin, Moscow Declaration, November 1, 1943
Winston S. Churchill, An Exchange with Roosevelt and Stalin at Teheran, November 29, 1943
Henry Morgenthau Jr., Memorandum for President Roosevelt (The Morgantheu Plan), September 5, 1944
Henry L. Stimson, Memorandum Opposing the Morganthau Plan, September 9, 1944
Cordell Hull, Henry L. Stimson, and James Forrestal, Draft Memorandum for the President, November 11, 1944
Henry L. Stimson, Edward R. Stettinius Jr., and Francis Biddle, Memorandum for the President, January 22, 1945
American Draft of Definitive Proposal, Presented to Foreign Ministers at San Francisco, April 1945
Memorandum of Conversation of Edward R. Stettinius Jr. and Samuel Rosenman with Vyacheslav Molotov and Anthony Eden, in San Francisco, May 3, 1945

3. Preparations
Robert H. Jackson, Report to the President, June 6, 1945
Minutes of the London Conference for the Preparation of the Trial, July 23, 1945
Sidney Alderman, On Negotiating with the Russians, 1951
Charter of the International Military Tribunal, August 8, 1945
International Military Tribunal, Indictment, October 6, 1945

4. The Court
Francis Biddle, Description of the Court
Robert H. Jackson, Opening Address for the United States, November 21, 1945
Hartley Shawcross, Opening Address for the United Kingdom, December 4, 1945
Francois de Menthon, Opening Address, January 17, 1946
Roman A. Rudenko, Opening Address, February 8, 1946
M. Y. Raginsky, Cross-Examination of Albert Speer, June 21, 1946
G. N. Alexandrov, Cross-Examination of Fritz Sauckel, May 31, 1946
Francis Biddle, A Rebuke for the Soviet Prosecutors
Hermann Goring, Testimony on the Nazi Party, March 14, 1946
Robert H. Jackson, Cross-Examination of Hermann Goring, March 18, 1946
Robert H. Jackson, Appeal to the Bench, March 19, 1946
Motion Adopted by All Defense Counsel, November 19, 1945

5. Crimes against Peace
Sidney Alderman, Address to the Tribunal, November 23, 1945
Hartley Shawcross, On Aggressive War and the Evolution of the Law of Nations, December 4, 1945
Hermann Goring, Testimony Denying a Nazi Conspiracy to Wage War, March 14, 1946
Hermann Goring, Testimony on the Hossbach Memorandum, March 14, 1946
Alfred Seidl, Questioning of Joachin von Ribbentrop on the Nazi-Soviet Pact, April 1, 1946
Alfred Seidl, Questioning of Ernst von Weizsacker on the Secret Protocol, May 31, 1946
Erich Raeder, Testimony on the German Attack on Norway, May 17, 1946
Hartley Shawcross, Evidence on the German Attack on the Soviet Union, April 4, 1946
Wilhelm Keitel, Testimony on Hitler's Plan to Attack the Soviet Union, April 4, 1946
Alfred Jodl, Testimony on Soviet Preparations to Attack Germany, June 5, 1946

6. War Crimes
Francois de Menthon, The Concept of War Crimes, January 17, 1946
Charles Dubost, The German Use of Civilian Hostages, January 24, 1946
Marie Claude Vaillant-Couturier, Testimony on the Gassing at Auschwitz, January 28, 1946
Hanns Marx, Cross-Examination of Marie Claude Vaillant-Couturier, January 28, 1946
Roman A. Rudenko, The German Destruction of the Soviet Union, February 8, 1946
Roman A. Rudenko, The Mistreatment and Murder of Soviet Prisoners of War, February 8, 1946
Telford Taylor, Questioning of Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, January 7, 1946
Yuri Pokrovsky, Examination of Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, January 7, 1946
Robert H. Jackson, Cross-Examination of Albert Speer, June 21, 1946
Karl Donitz, Testimony about His Relationship with Hitler, May 9, 1946
Wilhelm Keitel, Testimony on War Crimes, April 6 and April 7 1946
Hermann Goring, Testimony on the Applicability of the Hague Convention of 1907, March 15, 1946
Robert H. Jackson, On the Guilt of the Leader and His Followers, July 26, 1946

7. Crimes against Humanity
Hartley Shawcross, On the Law of the Charter on Crimes against Humanity, July 26, 1946
Francois de Menthon, On Crimes against the Human Status, January 17, 1946
William F. Walsh, On the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, December 14, 1945
Abram Suzkever, Persecution of the Jews of Vilna, February 27, 1946
Rudolf Hoss, Testimony on Auschwitz, April 15, 1946
Hermann Goring, Testimony on Nazi Policy toward the Jews, March 14, 1946
Alfred Thoma, Defense of Alfred Rosenberg on the Persecution of the Jews, July 10, 1946
Walther Funk, Statement of Remorse, May 6, 1946
Franz von Papen, Explanation for Remaining at His Post, June 19, 1946

8. Last Words
Hermann Goring, Final Statement, August 31, 1946
Rudolf Hess, Final Statement, August 31, 1946
Albert Speer, Final Statement, August 31, 1946
Judgment: "The Law of the Charter," September 30-October 1, 1946
Judgment: The Law as to the Common Plan or Conspiracy," September 30-October1, 1946
Judgment: "The Persecution of the Jews," September 30-October 1, 1946
Judgment: "The Accused Organizations," September 30-October 1, 1946

9. Assessment
Henry L. Stimson, "Nuremberg: Landmark in Law," January 1947
Francis Biddle, Andrei Vyshinsky's Visit to Nuremberg, 1962
Otto Kranzbuhler, Challenge to the Nuremberg Procedures, 1964
Henry L. Stimson, Assessment of the Judgment, January 1947

Chronology of Events Related to the Nuremberg Trial (1919-1946)
The Defendants and Their Fate
Charges, Verdicts, and Sentences
Selected Bibliography


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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 20, 2001

    Nice Concise Book of the Nuremberg Trials

    This book is a great way to understand the Nuremberg trials! True, it does not go into great detail and there is little anaylsis of the events, but what it does provide is an overview of the whole trial and many comprehensive transcripts between Rudenko, Ribbentrop, and Seidl- to name a few. As an outline of all key issues in the trial, it is absolutely fabulous! However, I do not recommend this book to readers looking for great detail or conclusions that are to be drawn from these events. Overall, this is still a wonderful book to buy!

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