Nurses on the Front Line: When Disaster Strikes, 1878-2010

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Nurses on the Front Line examines how nurses have responded to both natural and man-made disasters in the United States, Canada, and other nations over the course of the previous and current centuries. It documents 12 disasters, including the Galveston hurricane of 1900, the 1942 Cocoanut Grove nightclub fire, September 11th, and Hurricane Katrina.

More than a simple narrative, this text provides intimate first-hand experiences-through letters, memoirs, oral histories, and newspaper articles-of health care workers, survivors, and civic and private organizations that reflect on the character and speed of responders during a disaster. It illustrates how nurses can restore stability in the aftermath of a chaotic event and analyzes the nurses' role as part of a community response.

Key features:

• Explains in detail what nurses can expect during disasters and what measures to take when disaster strikes
• Examines previous natural disasters and calls into question whether disasters were caused by accidents or intentional/unintentional human error
• Discusses policy implications of the different disasters, focusing on the federal government's response
• Investigates the roles and effects of race, class, and gender during a disaster

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826105196
  • Publisher: Springer Publishing Company, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/1/2010
  • Pages: 291
  • Sales rank: 914,534
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Barbra Mann Wall, PhD, RN, FAAN is a nurse historian known for her studies on women and health care institutions and for her focus on Catholic hospitals and oral histories of retired nurses. Her recent work addresses the history of disaster nursing in the Southwest and the way people interpret disasters of the past. She is Associate Professor and Associate Director, Barbara Bates Center for the Study of the History Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, with previous faculty positions at Purdue and Duke Universities. She is widely published, with 19 refereed journal articles and two books, one of which, Unlikely Entrepreneurs: Catholic Sisters and the Hospital Marketplace, won the 2006 Lavinia Dock Award for Best Book, American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN). Her newest book is American Catholic Hospitals: A Century of Changing Missions and Markets. Dr. Wall presents at major international and national nursing and women's research meetings and is the recipient of numerous research and program grants, from five to six figures.

Arlene Keeling, PhD, RN, FAAN, is the Centennial Distinguished Professor of Nursing and directs the Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry at the University of Virginia. She also chairs the Department of Acute and Specialty Care. She is immediate past president of the American Association for the History of Nursing and now second Vice President.
Dr. Keeling is widely published with 26 peer-reviewed journal articles, 2 books, and
11 chapters in books, along with numerous book reviews and commentaries. In 2007,
she received the Lavinia Dock Award (AAHN) for her book Nursing and the Privilege of Prescription. Most recently she led a team of historians in writing the history of the
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. She is the recipient of numerous research grants and is a member of Sigma Theta Tau and the American Academy of Nursing. A
noted academic, Dr. Keeling presents internationally at major nursing and historical meetings.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Moments when time stood still: A look at the history of nursing during disasters

Chapter 2: Galveston Hurricane of 1900

Chapter 3: The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake

Chapter 4: Mining accidents in West Virginia in the early 20th century

Chapter 5: The 1917 Explosion of WWI Supply Ship off Halifax, Nova Scotia

Chapter 6: The Tulsa Race Rriot of 1921

Chapter 7: The 1937 Natual Gas Explosion, East Texas Elementary School

Chapter 8: The 1942 Cocoanut Grove Nightclub Fire

Chapter 9: Gendered Notions of Expertise and Bravery: NYC, 9/11

Chapter 10. Hurricane Katrina: Nursing's Response

Chapter 11: Disaster Nursing: Lessons form the Past, Directions for the Future

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