Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends and transition to Practice / Edition 1

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Overview

For courses in Issues/Trends in Nursing. This text takes a comprehensive and critical look at current issues and trends in nursing, with a vision of future health care and market place consumer demands that will help students make the transition from educational environment to professional practice. Its practical approach builds a foundation for success and continued learning; discusses the evolution of nursing and its continual economic, political, and legal changes; and features a broad spectrum of topics that highlight the importance of accountability, responsibility, and critical decision making for future nurses of the 21st century.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Carol Ann Mannahan, BSN, MS, EdD (University of Oklahoma College of Nursing)
Description: This is a comprehensive trends and issues book for baccalaureate nursing students. It covers a wide array of topics including historical data about the profession and the healthcare system, professional values, specific issues impacting nursing practice, and career management. Learning objectives appear at the beginning of each chapter and figures and tables highlight and summarize key information throughout. In addition, each chapter contains critical thinking and reflection boxes, a section to assist students with transition of the content to practice, research applications, key points, and suggested readings. Web based teaching and learning support are also available at a Web site devoted to the book.
Purpose: The author's stated purpose is to provide a comprehensive review of trends and issues in nursing and a synthesis of practical approaches designed to facilitate the transition from the educational environment into professional practice. The book contains a wealth of information about the profession of nursing and the context in which nurses practice. The practical approaches are not as clear; the focus is primarily on provision of information. However, students are encouraged to reflect on the information through numerous critical thinking exercises, real world projects, and other web activities.
Audience: The author intends for this book to be used by baccalaureate nursing students and for new graduates and experienced nurses who want to be informed about current issues and trends facing the nursing profession. The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice served as the framework for the book, which is written in a scholarly and academic style. Most of the 32 contributors are faculty members from a variety of colleges and universities. The three authors and contributors appear to have proper academic credentials for a book of this type but there is no information readily available about their specific teaching and clinical practice experiences. Given the scope and focus of the book, additional contributors from practice settings, regulatory agencies, professional organizations, and even the insurance industry would have added depth and credibility.
Features: The book is organized into six units that guide the reader through detailed information about nursing's evolution, challenges facing the profession, and specific legal and leadership issues. Chapters address items as broad as healthcare economics and as focused as obtaining employment. The epilogue contains detailed information about professional organizations, state boards of nursing, ethical codes, and patient's rights. The online resources available to faculty and students are a unique feature of this book. The quizzes are well written and the reflective exercises and other learning activities will assist students who are willing to work independently. Students may find the book to be difficult reading, however. Lots of information is presented without much color or application. At times, it becomes tedious and difficult to concentrate due to copious information that is abstract and appears quite removed from clinical nursing.
Assessment: This is a comprehensive book that presents current information about the profession of nursing and the context in which nurses practice. The online resources provide additional learning activities and numerous web resources expand the scope and depth. However, this book is weak in application and generation of interest. Illustrations are few and overall appearance is flat and uninteresting. It is not a book that students are likely to select or come back to following the required reading. However, it will provide readers with much needed background about the history and complexity of their chosen profession. Highly dedicated and creative faculty will be needed to make the pages come alive for most readers.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780130941534
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 9/26/2003
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 608
  • Product dimensions: 7.94 (w) x 10.04 (h) x 1.22 (d)

Read an Excerpt

The intent of this textbook is to provide both a comprehensive review of current trends and issues in nursing and a synthesis of practical approaches to facilitate the nursing students' transition from the educational environment to a rewarding career as a professional nurse. Change is occurring at an ever-accelerating pace in health care. As students are prepared to enter professional practice in the Third Millennium, it is essential that they are made aware of the most relevant and current issues and trends affecting professional nursing practice. The content in this textbook is an evidenced-based blend of critical contemporary issues and trends with practical application developed using the framework of The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice, published by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) in 1998. The Essentials document provides direction for the educational preparation of professional nurses in the twenty-first century. Using the Essentials document, as a guide, Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends and Transition into Practice combines contemporary approaches to issues, trends, and the transition to practice with a vision for future health care and market place consumer demands. Concepts are illustrated and made relevant by transition into practice-based examples.

The inspiration for writing this book comes from years of teaching issues, trends, professional roles, responsibilities, and critical decision-making as part of the education and preparation of baccalaureate graduate nurses. These experiences have led to the conclusion that a comprehensive, transition into practice-based textbook for baccalaureate graduates is needed which will integrate the importance of accountability, responsibility, and critical decision-making with an understanding of contemporary issues, trends, and transition into practice concerns for fixture nurses.

The primary goals of Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice are therefore twofold: to clearly review current trends and issues in nursing and health care and to present a synthesis of practical approaches designed to facilitate the transition into professional practice. This textbook aids in building a foundation for students to become lifelong learners who maintain an ongoing understanding of contemporary health care concerns. Furthermore, the book will serve as a reference for new graduates and experienced nurses who seek to be informed regarding the most current issues and trends facing the nursing discipline.

We have enhanced the content by assembling a cast of distinguished nurse scholars and leaders who have expertise and are passionate about the specific issues and topics addressed in this book. The content is organized into six major units. Unit 1, Evolution and Context for Professional Nursing Practice, provides an overview of the evolution of the image, education, knowledge, and professional organizations of nurses. Unit 2 focuses on the professional values and core competencies described in AACN's Essentials document and includes chapters on professional values in ethical practice, caring, reflective clinical reasoning, technology, and developing and maintaining competence. Unit 3 describes the current trends impacting nursing practice, which include cultural diversity, spiritual care, evidence-based practice, health promotion, and complementary and alternative therapeutic modalities. Major changes occurring in the health care delivery system from an economic, political, and legal perspective are covered in Unit 4. The content in Unit 5 places emphasis on the nursing student's transition into professional nursing practice. Chapters focus on obtaining professional employment, licensure, issues which impact the transition from student to employee, and strategies for coping with employment-related stress. Issues concerning advanced practice preparation and opportunities for employment are also presented in this unit. Unit 6 provides an overview of the challenge of management by including chapters on collaboration, nursing management and leadership, and legal issues for the nurse manager. The book concludes with an Epilogue, envisioning future trends and challenges that will face nurses.

A number a features have been incorporated into each chapter to enhance student interest and promote their understanding of current issues, trends, and challenges as they prepare to transition into practice. These features are also designed to assist nurse educators in providing focus for study and discussion.

Learning Objectives appear at the beginning of each chapter to help focus students learning.

Figures appear throughout the text and offer visual interpretations of the underlying content, issues, and trends.

Tables are included as a means to highlight, list, and summarize important information.

Critical Thinking and Reflection boxes are special features found throughout each chapter. These are designed to raise questions and challenge students to think and dialogue about important ideas and content.

Transition into Practice is a unique feature in each chapter that places particular emphasis on how the content and ideas in the chapter are relevant and affect the student's transition from the educational setting into professional nursing practice.

Research Applications are incorporated in each chapter as a means to emphasize the importance of evidence-based thinking as a focus for lifelong learning and professional practice.

Key Points appear near the end of each chapter and are organized in a way to provide a brief summary of the chapter.

Suggested Readings are included at the end of each chapter in addition to the References cited in the text. The readings are included so that the interested student can further explore the information presented in each chapter.

This textbook will facilitate students as they prepare for careers in nursing and the ultimate transition into practice. Today's students are the leaders of tomorrow. If nursing is to be at the forefront of the transformation of health care, then future nurses must be prepared to define and transform the profession to meet ever-changing and emerging health care needs of society. Preparing nurses in this new millennium requires increased emphasis on (a) identifying, articulating, and utilizing nursing's unique body of knowledge to guide nursing practice; (b) changing the image of nursing in the eyes of the public so nursing's contribution to the health and well-being of all is understood, recognized, and rewarded; (c) integrating humanistic values rehumanize the mechanical, corporate, patriarchal, institutional, and bureaucratic practices of our health care system; and (d) incorporating creativity and innovation to improve the delivery of quality nursing care.

Web-based Teaching and Learning Support are also available at a Web site dedicated to Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice (http://www.prenhall.com/). This Web site offers learning objectives, key terms with definitions, an overview and outline, and learning activities, which include critical thinking questions, real world projects, and other Web activities for each chapter. In addition to this array of learning activities NCLEX©-type test questions are provided along with Web links, which are continually updated.

Also available on the Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice (http://www.prenhall.com/) Web site and CD-ROM are resources specifically designed for the instructor. For each chapter, the instructor is also provided an extensive chapter outline with PowerPoint slides that can easily be adapted by the instructor for presentation in the classroom. NCLEX©-type -type test questions are provided in the Test Bank available on the Web site and CD-ROM. The Web site and CD-ROM also offer the instructor ideas or strategies to stimulate discussion based on critical thinking questions, projects, and Web activities found on the student Web site of Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice.

Future nurses need to be knowledgeable about issues and trends affecting nursing, including the increasing diversity of health care populations, the movement toward outcome- and evidenced-based practice, complementary health care modalities; and ethical conflicts related to evolving technology. Students require an awareness of the current revolutions in the delivery of health care, including legal, sociopolitical, and economic changes. As a nursing student transitions into professional practice he or she must make career choices, search for employment, function in leadership and management roles, and cope with the stresses of professional practice. The presentation of the topics in this textbook are specifically designed to prepare the next generation of nurse leaders so that nursing can rise to its rightful place in the health care delivery system thus promoting the health and well-being of individuals, communities, and the nation.

Linda C. Haynes, PhD, RN Howard K. Butcher, RN, PhD, APRN, BC Teresa A. Boese, MSN, RN

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Unit 1 Evolution and Context for Professional Nursing Practice 1
Ch. 1 Turning Points in Nursing History 2
Ch. 2 The Evolution of Nursing Education 35
Ch. 3 Achieving Professionhood Through Participation in Professional Organizations 52
Ch. 4 Nursing's Distinctive Knowledge 71
Unit 2 Professional Values and Core Competencies 105
Ch. 5 Professional Values and Ethical Practice 106
Ch. 6 Making Caring Visible 127
Ch. 7 Reflective Clinical Reasoning 146
Ch. 8 Information Technology 163
Ch. 9 Skill Acquisition and Competency 184
Unit 3 Issues Impacting Nursing Practice 209
Ch. 10 Cultural Diversity in Health Care 210
Ch. 11 Spirituality 231
Ch. 12 Evidence-Based Practice and Nursing Research 251
Ch. 13 Health Promotion 267
Ch. 14 Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Health Care 289
Unit 4 Health Care Delivery from an Economic, Political, and Legal Perspective 313
Ch. 15 Economic Aspects of Health Care 314
Ch. 16 Policy, Politics, and Health Care Delivery 335
Ch. 17 Legal Concepts in Nursing Practice 356
Unit 5 Career Management and Professional Growth 373
Ch. 18 Obtaining Professional Employment 374
Ch. 19 Transition into Practice 401
Ch. 20 Licensure 417
Ch. 21 The Stress of Life and Professional Survival 435
Ch. 22 Advanced Practice Nursing: Lessons of the Past, Challenges of the Future 456
Unit 6 Challenge of Management 481
Ch. 23 Collaboration in Health Care 482
Ch. 24 The Baccalaureate Nurse as a Leader in Health Care Delivery 504
Ch. 25 Legal Issues for the Nurse Manager 526
Epilogue: Toward the Future 543
App. A Nursing Organizations 548
App. B State Boards of Nursing (Including U.S. Territories) 553
App. C State Nursing Associations 558
App. D Canadian Nursing Associations 562
App. E Code of Ethics for Nurses 563
App. F International Council of Nurses Code of Ethics for Nurses 564
App. G A Patient's Bill of Rights 566
Index 569
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Preface

The intent of this textbook is to provide both a comprehensive review of current trends and issues in nursing and a synthesis of practical approaches to facilitate the nursing students' transition from the educational environment to a rewarding career as a professional nurse. Change is occurring at an ever-accelerating pace in health care. As students are prepared to enter professional practice in the Third Millennium, it is essential that they are made aware of the most relevant and current issues and trends affecting professional nursing practice. The content in this textbook is an evidenced-based blend of critical contemporary issues and trends with practical application developed using the framework of The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice, published by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) in 1998. The Essentials document provides direction for the educational preparation of professional nurses in the twenty-first century. Using the Essentials document, as a guide, Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends and Transition into Practice combines contemporary approaches to issues, trends, and the transition to practice with a vision for future health care and market place consumer demands. Concepts are illustrated and made relevant by transition into practice-based examples.

The inspiration for writing this book comes from years of teaching issues, trends, professional roles, responsibilities, and critical decision-making as part of the education and preparation of baccalaureate graduate nurses. These experiences have led to the conclusion that a comprehensive, transition into practice-based textbook for baccalaureate graduates is needed which will integrate the importance of accountability, responsibility, and critical decision-making with an understanding of contemporary issues, trends, and transition into practice concerns for fixture nurses.

The primary goals of Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice are therefore twofold: to clearly review current trends and issues in nursing and health care and to present a synthesis of practical approaches designed to facilitate the transition into professional practice. This textbook aids in building a foundation for students to become lifelong learners who maintain an ongoing understanding of contemporary health care concerns. Furthermore, the book will serve as a reference for new graduates and experienced nurses who seek to be informed regarding the most current issues and trends facing the nursing discipline.

We have enhanced the content by assembling a cast of distinguished nurse scholars and leaders who have expertise and are passionate about the specific issues and topics addressed in this book. The content is organized into six major units. Unit 1, Evolution and Context for Professional Nursing Practice, provides an overview of the evolution of the image, education, knowledge, and professional organizations of nurses. Unit 2 focuses on the professional values and core competencies described in AACN's Essentials document and includes chapters on professional values in ethical practice, caring, reflective clinical reasoning, technology, and developing and maintaining competence. Unit 3 describes the current trends impacting nursing practice, which include cultural diversity, spiritual care, evidence-based practice, health promotion, and complementary and alternative therapeutic modalities. Major changes occurring in the health care delivery system from an economic, political, and legal perspective are covered in Unit 4. The content in Unit 5 places emphasis on the nursing student's transition into professional nursing practice. Chapters focus on obtaining professional employment, licensure, issues which impact the transition from student to employee, and strategies for coping with employment-related stress. Issues concerning advanced practice preparation and opportunities for employment are also presented in this unit. Unit 6 provides an overview of the challenge of management by including chapters on collaboration, nursing management and leadership, and legal issues for the nurse manager. The book concludes with an Epilogue, envisioning future trends and challenges that will face nurses.

A number a features have been incorporated into each chapter to enhance student interest and promote their understanding of current issues, trends, and challenges as they prepare to transition into practice. These features are also designed to assist nurse educators in providing focus for study and discussion.

Learning Objectives appear at the beginning of each chapter to help focus students learning.

Figures appear throughout the text and offer visual interpretations of the underlying content, issues, and trends.

Tables are included as a means to highlight, list, and summarize important information.

Critical Thinking and Reflection boxes are special features found throughout each chapter. These are designed to raise questions and challenge students to think and dialogue about important ideas and content.

Transition into Practice is a unique feature in each chapter that places particular emphasis on how the content and ideas in the chapter are relevant and affect the student's transition from the educational setting into professional nursing practice.

Research Applications are incorporated in each chapter as a means to emphasize the importance of evidence-based thinking as a focus for lifelong learning and professional practice.

Key Points appear near the end of each chapter and are organized in a way to provide a brief summary of the chapter.

Suggested Readings are included at the end of each chapter in addition to the References cited in the text. The readings are included so that the interested student can further explore the information presented in each chapter.

This textbook will facilitate students as they prepare for careers in nursing and the ultimate transition into practice. Today's students are the leaders of tomorrow. If nursing is to be at the forefront of the transformation of health care, then future nurses must be prepared to define and transform the profession to meet ever-changing and emerging health care needs of society. Preparing nurses in this new millennium requires increased emphasis on (a) identifying, articulating, and utilizing nursing's unique body of knowledge to guide nursing practice; (b) changing the image of nursing in the eyes of the public so nursing's contribution to the health and well-being of all is understood, recognized, and rewarded; (c) integrating humanistic values rehumanize the mechanical, corporate, patriarchal, institutional, and bureaucratic practices of our health care system; and (d) incorporating creativity and innovation to improve the delivery of quality nursing care.

Web-based Teaching and Learning Support are also available at a Web site dedicated to Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice (http://www.prenhall.com/). This Web site offers learning objectives, key terms with definitions, an overview and outline, and learning activities, which include critical thinking questions, real world projects, and other Web activities for each chapter. In addition to this array of learning activities NCLEX©-type test questions are provided along with Web links, which are continually updated.

Also available on the Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice (http://www.prenhall.com/) Web site and CD-ROM are resources specifically designed for the instructor. For each chapter, the instructor is also provided an extensive chapter outline with PowerPoint slides that can easily be adapted by the instructor for presentation in the classroom. NCLEX©-type -type test questions are provided in the Test Bank available on the Web site and CD-ROM. The Web site and CD-ROM also offer the instructor ideas or strategies to stimulate discussion based on critical thinking questions, projects, and Web activities found on the student Web site of Nursing in Contemporary Society: Issues, Trends, and Transition into Practice.

Future nurses need to be knowledgeable about issues and trends affecting nursing, including the increasing diversity of health care populations, the movement toward outcome- and evidenced-based practice, complementary health care modalities; and ethical conflicts related to evolving technology. Students require an awareness of the current revolutions in the delivery of health care, including legal, sociopolitical, and economic changes. As a nursing student transitions into professional practice he or she must make career choices, search for employment, function in leadership and management roles, and cope with the stresses of professional practice. The presentation of the topics in this textbook are specifically designed to prepare the next generation of nurse leaders so that nursing can rise to its rightful place in the health care delivery system thus promoting the health and well-being of individuals, communities, and the nation.

Linda C. Haynes, PhD, RN Howard K. Butcher, RN, PhD, APRN, BC Teresa A. Boese, MSN, RN

Read More Show Less

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