Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring / Edition 1

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Jean Watson's first edition of Nursing, now considered a classic, introduced the science of human caring and quickly became one of the most widely used and respected sources of conceptual models for nursing. This completely new edition offers a contemporary update and the most current perspectives on the evolution of the original philosophy and science of caring from the field's founding scholar.
A core concept for nurses and the professional and non-professional people they interact with, "care" is one of the field's least understood terms, enshrouded in conflicting expectations and meanings. Although its usages vary among cultures, caring is universal and timeless at the human level, transcending societies, religions, belief systems, and geographic boundaries, moving from Self to Other to community and beyond, affecting all of life.
This new edition reflects on the universal effects of caring and connects caring with love as the primordial moral basis both for the philosophy and science of caring practices and for healing itself. It introduces Caritas Processes, offers centering and mediation exercises on an included audio CD, and provides other energetic and reflective models to assist students and practitioners in cultivating a new level of Caritas Nursing in their work and world.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Nursing pioneered a human caring focus in nursing. The book is foundational for caring practice and so provides an accessible and informative resource, both for nurses in clinical practice and for students studying human caring at undergraduate and graduate levels."
Adeline Falk-Rafael, RN, PhD, Professor and Associate Director, York University School of Nursing

"Watson reviews and revises all components of [her] theory and includes examples of qualitative research studies in caring scholarship and clinical practice. An extensive bibliography and a compact disc with meditation exercises complete this new edition. Summing up: recommended."
M.P. Tarbox, CHOICE Magazine

"Nursing, The Philosophy and Science of Caring is a positive, upbeat, depiction of what nursing should be. The poetry and artwork not only add to the text, but incorporate art with science, much as Watson called for in nursing education. The book will be useful for the numerous healthcare settings who are using Watson's (2008) theory of caring as the theoretical guide in delivering healthcare education."
—Sandra Schmidt Bunkers, RN; PhD; FAAN, Nursing Science Quarterly

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780870818981
  • Publisher: University Press of Colorado
  • Publication date: 5/28/2008
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 308,297
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

A fellow of the American Academy of Nursing and a past president of the National League for Nursing, Dr. Jean Watson is Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center. She also founded the original Center for Human Caring. Watson is a widely published author and has received many awards, including six honorary doctoral degrees. Her theory of human caring and model of caring science are used around the world.

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Table of Contents

Preface: Opening-Entering: A New Beginning Almost Thirty Years Later


Pt. I Background 1

Pt. II Caring Science as Context 13

Ch. 1 Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring 15

Ch. 2 Carative Factors/Caritas Processes: Original and Evolved Core for Professional Nursing 29

Ch. 3 Caritas Processes: Extension of Carative Factors 39

Pt. III From Carative Factors to Caritas Processes 45

Ch. 4 From Carative Factor 1: Humanistic-Altruistic System of Values to Caritas Process 1: Cultivating the Practice of Loving-Kindness and Equanimity Toward Self and Other as Foundational to Caritas Consciousness 47

Ch. 5 From Carative Factor 2: Installation of Faith and Hope to Caritas Process 2: Being Authentically Present: Enabling, Sustaining, and Honoring the Faith, Hope, and Deep Belief System and the Inner-Subjective Life World of Self/Other 61

Ch. 6 From Carative Factor 3: Cultivation of Sensitivity to Oneself and Others to Caritas Process 3: Cultivation of One's Own Spiritual Practices and Transpersonal Self, Going Beyond Ego-Self 67

Ch. 7 From Carative Factor 4: Developing a Helping-Trusting Relationship to Caritas Process 4: Developing and Sustaining a Helping-Trusting Caring Relationship 71

Ch. 8 Theoretical Framework for Caritas/Caring Relationship 77

Ch. 9 From Carative Factor 5: Promotion and Acceptance of the Expression of Positive and Negative Feelings to Caritas Process 5: Being Present to, and Supportive of, the Expression of Positive and Negative Feelings 101

Ch. 10 From Carative Factor 6: Systematic Use of the Scientific Problem-Solving Method for Decision Making to Caritas Process6: Creative Use of Self and All Ways of Knowing as Part of the Caring Process; Engage in the Artistry of Caritas Nursing 107

Ch. 11 From Carative Factor 7: Promotion of Interpersonal Teaching and Learning to Caritas Process 7: Engage in Genuine Teaching-Learning Experience That Attends to Unity of Being and Subjective Meaning - Attempting to Stay Within the Other's Frame of Reference 125

Ch. 12 From Carative Factor 8: Attending to a Supportive, Protective, and/or Corrective Mental, Physical, Societal, and Spiritual Environment to Caritas Process 8: Creating a Healing Environment at All Levels 129

Ch. 13 From Carative Factor 9: Assistance with Gratification of Human Needs to Caritas Process 9: Administering Sacred Nursing Acts of Caring-Healing by Tending to Basic Human Needs 143

Ch. 14 Administering Sacred Nursing Acts - Further Development of Carative Factor/ Caritas Process 9 149

Ch. 15 From Carative Factor 10: Allowance for Existential-Phenomenological Forces to Caritas Process 10: Opening and Attending to Spiritual/Mysterious and Existential Unknowns of Life-Death 191

Pt. IV Expanding Knowledge-Building Frameworks for Reconsidering Caritas Nursing: The Energetic Chakra-Quadrant Model 201

Ch. 16 Integral Model for Grasping Needs in Caritas Nursing 203

Ch. 17 The Seven Chakras: An Evolving Unitary View of the Basic Needs Energy System 207

Ch. 18 The Caritas Nurse/Caritas Nursing and the Chakra Systems 223

Pt. V Health, Healing, Humanity, and Heart- Centered Knowing for Caritas Nursing 227

Ch. 19 Human Experiences: Health, Healing, and Caritas Nursing 231

Pt. VI Critiquing Nursing Education 243

Ch. 20 Caritas Curriculum and Teaching-Learning 245

Addenda 265

I Examples of Inter/National Sites Advancing Caring Science 267

II Charter: International Caritas Consortium (ICC) 277

III Draft of Working Document on "Caritas Literacy" ICC Project 281

IV International Caring Data Research ICC Projects 289

V The Watson Caring Science Institute 295

Postscript: Prescript 297

Bibliography 299

Index 307

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