Nutrient Regulation during Pregnancy, Lactation, and Infant Growth / Edition 1

Nutrient Regulation during Pregnancy, Lactation, and Infant Growth / Edition 1

by Lindsay Allen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0306447193

ISBN-13: 9780306447198

Pub. Date: 09/30/1994

Publisher: Springer US

Almost every aspect of energy and nutrient metabolism is altered by hormonal and other physiological changes during pregnancy and lactation. While it is evident that hormonal adjustments affect nutrient requirements, these are rarely considered when nutrient recommen­ dations are made for pregnant or lactating women, and often neglected during evaluation of

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Overview

Almost every aspect of energy and nutrient metabolism is altered by hormonal and other physiological changes during pregnancy and lactation. While it is evident that hormonal adjustments affect nutrient requirements, these are rarely considered when nutrient recommen­ dations are made for pregnant or lactating women, and often neglected during evaluation of nutritional status. In addition, changes in nutrient metabolism during the stages of pregnancy and oflactation are usually considered separately, while in reality events during pregnancy can have a major influence on nutritional status and nutrient requirements during lactation. The purpose of this volume is to describe changes in the metabolism of important nutrients during pregnancy and lactation, including the physiological basis for these changes and their implications for nutrient requirements and assessment. Authors have considered such issues as inter-relationships between endocrine changes and nutrient metabolism at the tissue, cellular and molecular level; alterations in nutrient binding proteins; the efficiency of nutrient absorp­ tion and retention; and the impact on maternal as well as fetal nutritional status. Another unique aspect of this book is the focus on pregnancy and lactation as a continuum.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306447198
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
09/30/1994
Series:
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Series, #352
Edition description:
1994
Pages:
294
Product dimensions:
10.00(w) x 7.00(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

1Mechanisms of Fetal Growth Retardation in the Underweight Mother1
2Energy Balance in Pregnancy and Lactation11
3Influence of Body Composition on Food Intake27
4Cellular Mechanisms for the Regulation of Adipose Tissue Lipid Metabolism in Pregnancy and Lactation45
5Animal Models for the Study of Adipose Regulation in Pregnancy and Lactation71
6Endocrine Regulation of Nutrient Flux in the Lactating Woman: Do the Mechanisms Differ from Pregnancy?85
7Maternal Fatness in Mexican Women Predicts Body Composition Changes in Pregnancy and Lactation99
8Maternal Anthropometry Predicts Benefit in Lactational Performance of Undernourished Guatemalan Women109
9The Physiological Significance of Circulating Transferrin Receptors119
10The Consequences of Iron Deficiency and Anemia in Pregnancy127
11Folate Binding Proteins: Mechanisms for Placental and Intestinal Uptake141
12Iron and Folate Supplementation during Pregnancy: Maternal and Fetal Consequences151
13Folate Status during Pregnancy and Lactation157
14Vitamin B[subscript 12] Metabolism and Status during Pregnancy, Lactation and Infancy173
15The Function of Vitamin A in Cellular Growth and Differentiation, and Its Roles during Pregnancy and Lactation187
16The Role of Vitamin A in Child Growth, Development and Survival201
17Molecular Basis for Abnormal Parturition in Zinc Deficiency in Rats209
18Zinc Supplementation and Child Growth in Ecuador215
19Whole Body Zinc Metabolism in Full-Term Breastfed and Formula Fed Infants223
20Cellular Growth and Differentiation during Embryogenesis and Fetal Development: The Role of Vitamin D227
21Effect of Calcium Deficiency on Vitamin D Metabolism237
22Calcium Intakes and Bone Densities of Lactating Women and Breast-Fed Infants in The Gambia243
23Interactions between Zinc, Vitamins A and D, and Hormones in the Regulation of Growth257
24Stable Isotopes for Measurement of Nutrient Dynamics during Pregnancy and Lactation265
25Issues in Constant Tracer Infusion and Mineral Metabolism279
Index291

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