Nutrition and Behavior / Edition 1by Robin B. Kanarek
Pub. Date: 12/31/1995
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
Within the past decade there has been a veritable explosion of interest in the relationship between food and human behavior. It seems that there is an insatiable desire to find connections between what we eat and what we do. A clear example of this is the proliferation of books, magazine and newspaper articles, and television and radio programs devoted to the topic
Within the past decade there has been a veritable explosion of interest in the relationship between food and human behavior. It seems that there is an insatiable desire to find connections between what we eat and what we do. A clear example of this is the proliferation of books, magazine and newspaper articles, and television and radio programs devoted to the topic. More important, however, is the increased attention the scientific community is giving to the study of nutrition and behavior as evidenced by the growth of research, the development of undergraduate and graduate programs, and the number of scientific conferences addressing the prob lems in this area. The burgeoning scientific interest in this field makes it a very appropriate time for this book. The principal goal of Nutrition and Behavior: New Perspectives is to provide a comprehensive examination of the scientific evidence dealing with relationships between nutritional variables and behavior. Although findings in research using experimental animals will be introduced, the primary emphasis will be on investigating the nutrition-behavior relation ship in our own species. The first chapter provides a historical introduction to the area and examines the techniques used in the scientific assessment of nutrition and behavior. This material gives the reader the necessary background to place recent research on nutrition and behavior within a wider perspective and to evaluate its reliability and validity.
- Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
- Publication date:
- Product dimensions:
- 6.19(w) x 9.24(h) x 0.85(d)
- Age Range:
- 18 Years
Table of Contents
1. Introduction.- Historical Perspective.- Food Faddism.- Research Strategies.- 2. Protein-Calorie Malnutrition, the Central Nervous System, and Behavior.- Structure and Development of the Central Nervous System.- Definition and Prevalence of Protein-Calorie Malnutrition.- Consequences of Malnutrition on Brain Development.- Behavioral Consequences of Malnutrition.- 3. Vitamins, the Central Nervous System, and Behavior.- Thiamin (Vitamin B1).- Niacin (Vitamin B3).- Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6).- Cobalamin (Vitamin B12).- Folic Acid.- 4. Trace Minerals, the Central Nervous System, and Behavior.- Iron.- Zinc.- Iodine.- 5. Too Much of a Good Thing? Excess Intake of Vitamins and Minerals.- Megavitamin Therapy.- Treatment of Schizophrenia.- Down’s Syndrome and Other Forms of Mental Retardation.- Effects of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements on Intelligence in Normal Children.- Treatment of Autism.- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.- Vitamin B6 (Pyroxidine) in the Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome.- Vitamin and Mineral Toxicity.- 6. Heavy Metals, Nutrition, and Behavior.- Lead.- Mercury.- Aluminum.- Cadmium.- 7. Food Additives: Are There Behavioral Risks?.- Government Regulations and Food Additives.- Testing of New Food Additives.- Classification of Food Additives.- Food Additives and Behavior.- Monosodium Glutamate.- Sulfites.- 8. Caffeine and the Methylxanthines.- Origins of the Use of Methylxanthines.- Sources and Levels of Intake.- Metabolism of the Methylxanthines.- Physiological Effects.- Neurophysiological and Behavioral Effects.- Therapeutic Uses 160 Caffeine and Disease.- 9. Sugar and Behavior.- Sugar: What is it?.- Sugar Consumption.- Sugar and Hyperactivity.- Sugar, Hypoglycemia, and Behavior.- Sugar and Antisocial Behavior.- 10. Artificial Sweeteners: Do They Live Up to Expectations?.- History and Use of Artificial Sweeteners.- Role in the Control of Food Intake and Body Weight.- 11. Alcohol: Consequences on the Central Nervous System and Behavior.- Metabolism of Alcohol.- Interaction of Alcohol and Nutrition.- Consequences of Alcohol Intake in Adults.- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.- 12. Diet, Neurotransmitters, and Behavior.- Precursor Control of Neurotransmitter Synthesis.- Acetylcholine.- Serotonin.- 13. Obesity.- Definition.- Prevalence.- Physiological Aspects.- Psychological Consequences.- Etiology.- Treatment.- 14. Eating Disorders.- Anorexia Nervosa.- Bulimia.
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