Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice

Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice

by Arlene Spark
     
 

Nutrition plays a key role in many areas of public health such as pre-term delivery, cancer, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular and renal diseases. Government nutrition policy, therefore, bears a huge influence on the nation's biggest health concerns. There is a clear need for information on this topic that unarguably holds the key to the primary and secondary

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Overview

Nutrition plays a key role in many areas of public health such as pre-term delivery, cancer, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular and renal diseases. Government nutrition policy, therefore, bears a huge influence on the nation's biggest health concerns. There is a clear need for information on this topic that unarguably holds the key to the primary and secondary prevention of some of the major causes of premature death in the US.

Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice provides an overview of the field and focuses on the role of the Federal Government in determining nutrition policy and practice. Beginning with a review of the definition and principles of public health, the book examines trends in the US population and nutritional epidemiology. It considers programs to help reduce disparities in the prevalence of diet-related chronic diseases among various populations, as well as a detailed chapter on obesity with discussions on global impact and cost, pediatric obesity, and the impact of socioeconomic status and ethnicity. Specific information is included on breastfeeding mothers, HIV/AIDS, and prison inmates. The book offers a look at the current nutritional status and guidelines in the US before providing a set of tools for the responsible practice of public health nutrition such as conducting nutrition assessments, designing and carrying out social marketing campaigns, writing grant proposals, and enacting programs to promote food security and ensure food supply and safety.

Focusing on nutrition issues in the urban setting, Nutrition in Public Health: Principles, Policies, and Practice provides an integrated view of nutrition needs and the policies and political mechanisms that affect the delivery of quality food and nutrition services.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780849314735
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/21/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
576
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.50(d)

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Table of Contents

Nutrition in Public Health
Public Health
Nutrition in Public Health
Public Health Nutrition
Community Nutrition
Government's Role in Nutrition in Public Health
Nutrition in Public Health - the Book

Preventing Disease or Promoting Health?
Introduction
Brief Review of the History of Public Health
Disease Prevention
Current Health Behaviors of the U.S. Adult Population
Disease Promotion
History of Health Promotion
Health Promotion in its Current Incarnation
Public Policy
Health Promotion and Universal Health Care
Role of the Individual in Public Health
A New Definition of Public Health's Role

The U.S. Population - Looking Forward from the Past
Introduction
Minority Populations, Immigration, and Migration
The U.S. Census Bureau
Census Information Online
U.S. Population Projections to 2050

Nutritional Epidemiology
Study Designs in Nutritional Epidemiology
Observation
Technical Support

Food and Nutrition Surveys for Monitoring the Public's Health
National Center for Health Statistics
Nutrition Monitoring Activities by USDA

Prevalence of Diet-Related Chronic Disease: Disparities and Programs to Reduce Them
The Leading Diet-Related Chronic Diseases
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
Overweight and Obesity
Diabetes
Diabetes in Children
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Cancer

Weight Control: Challenges and Solutions
Defining Overweight and Obesity
Prevalence
Surveys
Children
The Impact on Public Health
The Costs of Overweight and Obesity
The Global Picture
The Nutrition Transition and its Repercussions
Environmental Determinants of Overweight and Obesity
U.S. Agricultural Policies
Advertising
Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity
Food Insecurity, Energy Density, and Weight
The Food Environment
Obesity Prevention

Special Populations
Introduction
Breastfeeding Mothers and Breastfeeding Infants
HIV/AIDS
Prison Inmates

Cultural Competence
What is Cultural Competence?
Why is Cultural Competence Important?
Current and Projected Demographic Changes in the U.S
Legislative, Regulatory, and Accreditation Mandates
Nutrition Staff Development
Foodways of the Major Ethnic/Racial Groups in the U.S.

Food and Nutrition Politics, Policy, and Legislation
Making Policy
Types of Food and Nutrition Policy
U.S. Farm Policy and Health
Taking Action

Food and Nutrition Guidance
History of Federal Food and Nutrition Guidance
Current Federal Food, Nutrition, and Lifestyle Guidance
Disease Prevention Guidance from Federal and Voluntary Health Organizations

Food and Nutrition Assessment of the Community
Community Assessment
Conducting an Assessment
Geographic Information Systems

Promoting Food Security
Parsing "Food Security"
Poverty in the U.S.
Nutrition and Health Characteristics of Low-income Populations
Hunger and Food Insecurity in the U.S
Nutrition Assistance Programs
Nongovernment, Nonprofit Organizations

Social Marketing and Other Mass Communication Techniques
Social Marketing
Tailored Health Communication

Food Safety and Defense
Safety, Wholesomeness, and Labeling
States and Territories
Critique of the Food Safety Regulatory Apparatus
Epidemiology
Prevention
Surveillance Systems
Numbers of Outbreaks and Cases
Emergency Management
Bioterroism
Disaster Response

Grants to Support Initiatives in Public Health Nutrition
Funding Sources
Grant Application Mechanisms
Grant Applications

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