Occult Roots of Nazism: Secret Aryan Cults and Their Influence on Nazi Ideology / Edition 1

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Overview

Nearly half a century after the defeat of the Third Reich, Nazism remains a subject of extensive historical inquiry, general interest, and, alarmingly, a source of inspiration for resurgent fascism in Europe. Goodrick-Clarke's powerful and timely book considers the intellectual roots of Nazism. He traces these back to a number of influential occult and millenarian sects in the Hapsburg Empire during its waning years. These sects combined notions of popular nationalism with an advocacy of "Aryan" racism and a proclaimed need for German world-rule. They drew their political appeal out of the social upheavals and political unrest of the period - from the sudden and forced exclusion of Austria from Bismarck's Second Reich in 1871 and the consequent loss of German prestige within the newly established Austro-Hungarian monarchy; the strains caused by rapid industrialization in Central and Eastern Europe that led directly to a large influx of unassimilated Eastern Jews into the capital city of the monarchy, Vienna; and, last but not least, a politically potent and highly romanticized nostalgia for a supposedly happier past that was marked by the cultural rise of an aggressive Social Darwinism. These ideas and symbols all ultimately filtered through into mainstream Nazi ideology. In his book, Goodrick-Clarke discusses the myths, symbols, and fantasies of what became the particularly reactionary and authoritarian Nazi style. Many have persuasively argued that politics and historical change are driven primarily by material interests, but Goodrick-Clarke insists and here clearly demonstrates that fantasies, once institutionalized in beliefs, values, and social groups, have the ability too to affect history dramatically. Provocatively illustrated, the book examines the range of fantasies generated within an extreme right-wing movement, concerned, as this was, with the creation of a superman elite, the intellectual denunciation of "lesser beings" - leading eventually to a j
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Explores a number of influential occult and millenarian sects in the Hapsburg Empire during its waning years, showing how their ideas filtered through the social and intellectual upheavals of the late 19th and early 20th century to form the underlying belief system of Nazism. Not sensationalist. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher

"If anyone still questions the power which myth exercises over the human mind, he should read The Occult Rules of Nazism."

-Anthony Storr,

"An extensive survey of . . . theosophy, astrology, and 'ariosophy' (Aryan-racist-occult theories) . . . An intriguing study of apocalyptic fantasies."

-Times Literary Supplement,

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780814730607
  • Publisher: New York University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1993
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 203
  • Sales rank: 308,808
  • Product dimensions: 5.33 (w) x 8.13 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Meet the Author

Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke is the author of several books on ideology and the Western esoteric tradition, including Hitler’s Priestess and The Occult Roots of Nazism, which has remained in print since its publication in 1985 and has been translated into eight languages. He writes regularly for European and US Journals and has contributed to several films on the Third Reich and World War II.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Illustrations
Foreword
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 The Background
1 The Pan-German Vision 7
2 The Modern German Occult Revival 1880-1910 17
Pt. 2 The Ariosophists of Vienna
3 Guido von List 33
4 Wotanism and Germanic Theosophy 49
5 The Armanenschaft 56
6 The Secret Heritage 66
7 The German Millennium 78
8 Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels and Theozoology 90
9 The Order of the New Templars 106
Pt. 3 Ariosophy in Germany
10 The Germanenorden 123
11 Rudolf von Sebottendorff and the Thule Society 135
12 The Holy Runes and the Edda Society 153
13 Herbert Reichstein and Ariosophy 164
14 Karl Maria Wiligut: The Private Magus of Heinrich Himmler 177
15 Ariosophy and Adolf Hitler 192
Appendix A: Genealogy of Lanz von Liebenfels 205
Appendix B: Genealogy of the Sebottendorff Family 207
Appendix C: The History of Ariosophy 209
Appendix D: New Templar Verse 215
Appendix E: The Modern Mythology of Nazi Occultism 217
Notes and References 227
Bibliography 265
Index 289
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted April 25, 2000

    Not for Neo-Nazis or Hitler-phobes, but the well read

    While a young failed artist wasted away his umemployed days in a hostel, he just had to go out and get a pack of smokes, and at the tobacco stand happened to see a magazine that caught his eye. He bacame an avid reader, passing away hours of boredom, learning of odd racial theories and neo-pagan spirituality. Because that man's name was Adolf Hitler, history would never be the same. Too lazy to read Neitsche or Trietske, the future Fueher developed his Aryan race theories from easy to read trash journalism. Goodricke-Clark is a scholar of the first rate. His research is unimpeachable. However, I did not give him five stars because of a lack of readability that might cause problems for many trying to understand the book. The author could have reorganized his book to better make his points. Definitely, have a hi-liter handy at all times reading this one. But the information on the all little clubs and anti-secret police fronts that preceded the NSDAP's Nazis is worth it. For instance, the author traces the return-to-paganism Aryan race philosophy back to its original spark, a drinking party on the Danube in 1875, igniting the writings of Guido von List, the mentor of Lanz von Liebenfels, who founded the Ostara and the occult societies. Good work, Goodricke. Goodricke does not comment on the beliefs of occultists, and remains objective. The Christian and the agnostic are both left to ponder the effects of their dabblings. The work is not comprehensive, and leaves out the SS-astrologers and spiritualists, both famous and obscure, while focusing on the roots stretching back several generations. Many occultists were soldiers, police, and war veterans, seeking to sort out their own religion, others included bored adventurers and a defrocked monk, Liebenfels, the publisher. A good beginning for those who believe in an evil origin for the Nazi Party.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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