Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination / Edition 1

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Overview

The global medical and scientific communities need to standardize methodologies and agree on minimum criteria to permit inter-study comparisons. This book develops such standards, presenting a series of recommendations that represent the first codification of the manner in which studies should be executed.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Proceedings of the workshop held July-August 1997. Among the 23 contributions are multiple studies of victims of the Chernobyl accident as well as discussion of topics including cataractous changes related to radiation and aging among the atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima; radiation cataracts in high dose liquidators who developed acute radiation syndrome; physical and radiobiological considerations in eye dosimetry; biocompatibility testing of intraocular biomaterials; x-ray sensitivity and DNA damage in bovine lens epithelial cells ; and prevalence of lens opacity in population with chronic low-dose gamma-radiation exposure from radioactive apartments in Taiwan. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792353102
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 4/30/2000
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2 (closed) , #50
  • Edition description: 1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 225
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Organization
List of Participants
The Ukrainian/American Chernobyl Ocular Study 1
Cataractous Changes Related to Radiation and Aging among the Atomic Bomb Survivors in Hiroshima 13
Quantification of Lens Opacities with Digital Scheimpflug Imaging 21
A Control Group for Radiation Induced Lens Opacities using an Electronic Scheimpflug System 27
Posterior Subcapsular Cataract and Dry Eye Syndrome after Radiation Exposure by the Chernobyl Accident 33
The Incidence of Eye Disorders among Chernobyl Clean-Up Workers 43
Radiation Cataracts in High Dose Liquidators Who Developed Acute Radiation Syndrome 51
Ophthalmo-Pathology in Victims of the Chernobyl Catastrophy - Results of Clinical Epidemiological Study 57
Condition of Eye and Parameters of Free Radical Processes in Organism in the Liquidators after the Chernobyl Accident 69
Physical and Chemical Changes in Murine Lens at early Stage of Cataract Development Induced by Total Gamma-Irradiation 81
Overview on Existing Approaches to Dose Reconstruction - Recommendations for the Ukrainian-American Chernobyl Ocular Study (UACOS) 89
Physical and Radiobiological Considerations in Eye Dosimetry 99
Dosimetry, Dose Reconstruction and Epidemiology: Lessons from Radpath, Radtest and Related Studies 115
Methodologies - Strengths and Weaknesses: A View on the Dosimetric Support for the Chernobyl Liquidator Eye Cataract Study 121
Estimation of Environmental Burdens by Radiation: Radiological Units: From Gray to Sievert 131
In Vitro Biocompatibility Testing of Intraocular Biomaterials 143
X-Ray Sensitivity and DNA Damage in Bovine Lens Epithelial Cells in Vitro 153
Induction and Repair of DNA Strand Breaks in Bovine Lens Epithelial Cells after High Let Irradiation 163
Laser Scanning Focal Length Variability is a Measure of Damage in Rat Lens in Model Astronaut Cataracts Treated with Vitamin E (VE) Or R-[alpha]-Lipoic Acid (RLA) 173
Overview of the Epidemiology of Radiation Cataracts 183
Prevalence of Lens Opacity in Population with Chronic Low-Dose Gamma-Radiation Exposure from Radioactive Apartments in Taiwan 191
The Experiences of Surveys for an Epidemiological Database of Different Occupational Groups of Rural Workers in Ukraine 197
Final Recommendations of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination", Kiev 1997 203
Subject Index 221
Author's Index 225
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