Of Microbes and Art: The Role of Microbial Communities in the Degradation and Protection of Cultural Heritage

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Microbial defacement and degradation of artistic or historic artifacts is a worldwide problem affecting all countries regardless of their hi story, geographical location, or economic conditions. This is the firs t comprehensive study of the role of microbial colonization on the deg radation of different cultural artifacts (from buildings to books, wal l paintings, textiles, sculptures and glass) and of the investigations into the compounds utilized to control microbial invasion. The book f ocuses on three main areas: the identification of the microorganisms w hich cause structural damage; methods to reduce or prevent microbial c olonization and damage; and the use of microorganisms for the protecti on and bioremediation of cultural artifacts.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'...these words of caution, this book is an extremely useful guide and should greatly assist in the further training of conservators.'
Antiquity, 75 (2001)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780306463778
  • Publisher: Plenum Publishing Corporation
  • Publication date: 6/28/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 250
  • Product dimensions: 6.68 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 0.84 (d)

Table of Contents

Contributors. Preface. Part 1: Ecology of microbial communities developing on art works. Recent advances in the molecular biology and ecophysiology of meristematic stone-inhabiting fungi; C. Urzì, et al. Molecular tools applied to the study of deteriorated artworks; D. Daffonchio, et al. Molecular approaches for the assessment of microbial deterioration of objects of art; S. Rölleke, et al. Comparative studies of microbial communities on stone monuments in temperate and semi-arid climates; E. May, et al. Occurrence and fluctuation in photosynthetic biocoenoses dwelling on stone monuments; L. Tomaselli, et al. Microbial communities in salt efflorescences; L. Laiz, et al. Characterisation of endolithic communities of stone monuments and natural outcrops; O. Salvadori. Part 2: Biosusceptibility of organic and inorganic constituents. Patina; T. Dornieden, et al. A laboratory investigation of the microbial degradation of cultural heritage; A. Seves, et al. Fungal fox spots and others; M.-L.E. Florian. Polymers and resins as food for microbes; R.J. Koestler. Biodegradability of products used in monuments' conservation; P. Tiano, et al. Part 3: Control and utilization of microorganisms. Integrated concepts for the protection of cultural artifacts against biodeterioration; T. Warscheid. Bacterial carbonatogenesis and applications to preservation and restoration of historic property; S. Castanier, et al. Bacterial genes involved in calcite crystal precipitation; B. Perito, et al. Bioremediation of cultural heritage: removal of sulphates, nitrates and organic substances; G. Ranalli, et al. Index.

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