OFDM Baseband Receiver Design for Wireless Communications / Edition 1

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Overview

Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) access schemes are becoming more prevalent among cellular and wireless broadband systems, accelerating the need for smaller, more energy efficient receiver solutions. Up to now the majority of OFDM texts have dealt with signal processing aspects. To address the current gap in OFDM integrated circuit (IC) instruction, Chiueh and Tsai have produced this timely text on baseband design.

OFDM Baseband Receiver Design for Wireless Communications covers the gamut of OFDM technology, from theories and algorithms to architectures and circuits. Chiueh and Tsai give a concise yet comprehensive look at digital communications fundamentals before explaining modulation and signal processing algorithms in OFDM receivers. Moreover, the authors give detailed treatment of hardware issues - from design methodology to physical IC implementation.

Closes the gap between OFDM theory and implementation, Enables the reader to: transfer communication receiver concepts into hardware, design wireless receivers with acceptable implementation loss, achieve low-power designs. Contains numerous figures to illustrate techniques, Features concrete design examples of MC-CDMA systems and cognitive radio applications, Presents theoretical discussions that focus on concepts rather than mathematical derivation, Provides a much-needed single source of material from numerous papers. Based on course materials for a class in digital communication IC design, this book is ideal for advanced undergraduate or post-graduate students from either VLSI design or signal processing backgrounds. New and experienced engineers in industry working on algorithms or hardware for wirelesscommunications devices will also find this book to be a key reference.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470822340
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/4/2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 6.97 (w) x 9.98 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

The authors and their groups at the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, and the National central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, have been doing researching wireless communication baseband IC design for more than a decade, focusing especially on OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) systems recently. The research results have been published in important international journals and conferences, and are recognized by domestic and international awards.
Tzi-Dar Chiueh received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1989 and he is now a Professor of Electrical Engineering at the National Taiwan University (NTU). Since August 2004, he has also served as the Director of the Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering at the same university. He has held visiting positions at ETH Zurich Switzerland and at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Professor Chiueh has received the Acer longtern Award 11 times and the MXIC Golden Silicon Award in 2002 and 2005. His teaching efforts were recognized four times by the Teaching Excellence Award from the NTU. Professor Chiueh was the recipient of the Distinguished Research Achievements Award from the National Science Council, Taiwan, in 2004, and was awarded the Himax Chair Professor ship at the NTU in 2006. He is the author of more than 140 technical papers, many of which are on algorithm, architecture and integrated circuits for baseband communication systems.

Pei-Yun Tsai received her Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the National Taiwan University in 2005 and she is now an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering at the National central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Professor of Electrical Engineering at the National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Professor Tsai has received the Acer Longtern Award, MXIC Golden Silicon Award and 1s Asian Solid-State Circuit Conference Student Design Contest Outstanding Award in 2005. Her research interests include signal-processing algorithms and architectures for baseband communication systems.

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Table of Contents


Preface     xi
About the Authors     xv
Acknowledgements     xvii
Introduction     1
Wireless Communication Systems     1
Digital Broadcasting Systems     1
Mobile Cellular Systems     3
Wireless Network Systems     5
Bibliography     8
Digital Modulation     9
Single-Carrier Modulation     9
Power Spectral Densities of Modulation Signals     11
PSK, QAM and ASK     11
CPFSK and MSK     14
Pulse Shaping and Windowing     15
Multi-Camer Modulation     17
Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing     19
OFDM-Related Issues     19
OFDM Transceiver Architecture     24
OFDM System Examples     26
Bibliography     28
Multiple Access and Error-Correcting Codes     31
Multiple Access     31
Frequency-Division Multiple Access (FDMA)     31
Time-Division Multiple Access (TDMA)     31
Code-Division Multiple Access (CDMA)     33
Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA)     34
Spread Spectrum and CDMA     35
PN Codes     35
Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum     38
Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum     40
Error-Correcting Codes     41
Block Codes     42
Reed-Solomon Codes     45
Convolutional Codes     48
Low-Density Parity-Check Codes     53
Bibliography     56
Signal Propagation and Channel Model     59
Introduction     59
Wireless Channel Propagation     59
Path Loss and Shadowing     60
Multipath Fading     61
Multipath Channel Parameters     62
Front-End Electronics Effects     68
Carrier Frequency Offset     68
Sampling Clock Offset     69
Phase Noise     70
IQ Imbalance and DC Offset     70
Power Amplifier Nonlinearity     73
Channel Model     74
Model for Front-End Impairments     75
Multipath Rayleigh Fader Model     77
Channel Models Used in Standards     78
Bibliography     84
Synchronization     85
Introduction     85
Synchronization Issues     86
Synchronization Errors     86
Effects of Synchronization Errors     86
Consideration for Estimation and Compensation     90
Detection/Estimation of Synchronization Errors     91
Symbol Timing Detection     91
Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation     100
Residual CFO and SCO Estimation     104
Carrier Phase Estimation     107
Recovery of Synchronization Errors     107
Carrier Frequency Offset Compensation     108
Sampling Clock Offset Compensation     110
Bibliography     113
Channel Estimation and Equalization     115
Introduction     115
Pilot Pattern     116
Pilot-Based Channel Estimation     118
Channel Estimation by Block-Type Pilot Symbols     122
Channel Estimation by Comb-Type Pilot Symbols     125
Channel Estimation by Grid-Type Pilot Symbols     132
Adaptive Channel Estimation     137
Equalization     138
One-Tap Equalizer     138
Multiple-Tap Equalizer     138
Bibliography     140
MIMO Techniques     143
Introduction     143
MIMO Basics     145
Capacity     145
Diversity      146
MIMO-OFDM     147
MIMO Pilot Pattern     149
MIMO-OFDM Synchronization     151
MIMO-OFDM Channel Estimation     155
MIMO Encoding and Detection     158
Space Block Codes     158
Spatial Multiplexing     161
Spatial De-correlation     167
Bibliography     170
From Algorithm to Bit-True Design     171
Design flow Overview     171
Effect of Additive Impairment Sources     174
Analog-to-Digital Conversion     176
ADC Distortions     176
Signal Probability Distributions     178
Dynamic Range and Precision Setting     180
Finite Precision Effect in Digital Baseband Processing     181
Fixed-Point Data Format     182
Fixed-Point Error Model     182
Finite Precision Effect in FIR Filters     187
Finite Precision Effect in IIR Filters     188
Conversion from Floating-Point Design to Bit-True Design     189
Metrics for Performance Evaluation     190
Interpolative Design Flow     190
Simulation-Based Approaches     192
Analytical Approaches     192
Bibliography      194
Circuit Techniques     195
Introduction     195
FFT     195
FFT Algorithms     196
Architecture     201
Comparison     206
Delay Buffer     208
SRAM/Register File-Based Delay Buffer     209
Pointer-Based Delay Buffer     211
Gated Clock Strategy     212
Comparison     214
Circuits for Rectangular-to-Polar Conversion     216
Arctangent Function     216
Magnitude Function     221
Comparison     225
Circuits for Polar-to-Rectangular Conversion     225
Trigonometric Approximation     228
Polynomial Approximation     229
Comparison     230
Bibliography     231
System Examples     233
MC-CDMA Downlink Receiver IC     233
System Description     234
Transmitter and Receiver Design     234
Circuit Design     238
Experimental Results     241
MIMO-OFDM Cognitive Radio Receiver IC     243
System Overview     243
Architecture and Circuit Design     245
Experimental Results      250
Bibliography     252
Index     255
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