Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies: General Oliver O. Howard's Account of the Battle of Fredericksburg (Illustrated)by Oliver O. Howard
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Oliver Otis Howard (November 8, 1830 – October 26, 1909) was a career United States Army officer who had a mostly successful career, but unfortunately for him, he is mostly remembered for suffering two of the most humiliating defeats of the Civil War. Despite effective service throughout much of the war in both the East and the West, Howard is mostly remembered as the commander of the XI Corps at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. At Chancellorsville, the XI Corps was on the receiving end of Stonewall Jackson’s march and turn, routing Howard’s Corps. Howard’s Corps was also badly beaten on Day 1 of Gettysburg and sent scurrying through the streets of the town in retreat.
On June 1, 1862, while commanding a Union brigade in the Fair Oaks, Howard was wounded twice in his right arm, which was subsequently amputated. (He received the Medal of Honor in 1893 for his heroism at Fair Oaks.) Respected general Philip Kearny, who had lost his left arm, visited Howard and joked that they would be able to shop for gloves together. Howard recovered quickly enough to rejoin the army for the Battle of Antietam, in which he rose to division command in the II Corps. He was promoted to major general in November 1862 and assumed command of the XI Corps the following April.
A few days after the Battle of Fredericksburg, Howard wrote his official account of the battle, and it became part of The War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. This edition of his account includes illustrations and maps of the campaign, and it also includes pictures of the important commanders of the battle.
- Charles River Editors
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