Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies: General William Tecumseh Sherman's Account of the Chattanooga Campaign (Illustrated)by William T. Sherman
As a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), Sherman was
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William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) holds a unique position in American history. Synonymous with barbarity in the South, Sherman is lauded as a war hero in the North, and modern historians consider him the harbinger of total war.
As a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), Sherman was recognized for his outstanding command of military strategy but criticized for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States, especially in 1864 and 1865. Military historian B. H. Liddell Hart famously declared that Sherman was "the first modern general."
One of Sherman’s most famous campaigns was the one in which he took Atlanta, one of the South’s most important cities, just ahead of the presidential election of 1864. His great success was credited for helping President Lincoln get reelected that November. Before that campaign, however, Sherman was Grant’s principal subordinate during the Chattanooga Campaign. The situation at Chattanooga was urgent and Grant ordered Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and four divisions of the Army of the Tennessee to get into position to attack Bragg's right flank. A week later three Union armies, the Tennessee, the Cumberland, and the Potomac were ready to make the final assault on Bragg's entrenched armies on Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain. On November 24, 1863 Maj. Gen. Hooker captured Lookout Mountain in order to draw Bragg's troops away from Missionary Ridge. On November 25, Grant began his assault on Missionary Ridge. Maj. Gen. Sherman made an attempt to attack Bragg's right flank, however, topographical difficulties and stiff Confederate resistance prevented a successful assault. The Army of the Cumberland, took matters into their own hands, stormed over Missionary Ridge, and forced Bragg to retreat in a disorganized rout. Grant, initially upset, had only ordered the Army of the Cumberland to take the rifle pits at the base of the ridge. The victory at Chattanooga increased Grant's fame throughout the country. Grant was promoted to Lieutenant General, a position that had previously been given to George Washington and given to Winfield Scott as a brevet promotion. Grant was soon after given charge of the entire Union Army.
After the Chattanooga Campaign finished, Sherman wrote an official account of the campaign that was preserved in The War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. This edition includes maps of the campaign and pictures of the campaign’s important military commanders.
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