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Children's LiteratureEnergy derived from oil and gas is used more than any other energy source on the planet. It is also one of the most politically and environmentally charged industries, and has been the cause of wars since the discovery of its uses in the late nineteenth century. Collection of these fuel reserves is by no means a simple process, but it has become cheaper and safer to collect over the past century. Despite advancements, retrieval and processing of these energy resources is still harmful to the workers in the industry and the environment in which it is found or shipped through. During refinement, and when used as an energy source, oil and gas release dangerous chemicals into the environment and has caused extreme damage to the global environment. Despite this damage, oil and gas are still the primary sources of energy on the planet, and are used in such quantities that experts estimate that oil and gas reserves will be completely depleted in less than a century. Parker has provided an adequate first look at the discovery, refinement, and use of oil and gas as an energy source. Full-color illustrations are provided throughout the text that shows each step of the process. Also included are a glossary, additional sources to consult, and an index. Part of the "Science Files: Energy" series. 2004, Gareth Stevens, Ages 8 to 12.