Old Paint: A Medical History of Childhood Lead-Paint Poisoning in the United States to 1980

Old Paint: A Medical History of Childhood Lead-Paint Poisoning in the United States to 1980

by Peter C. English
     
 

ISBN-10: 0813529875

ISBN-13: 9780813529875

Pub. Date: 09/01/2001

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

In the early twentieth century lead had many domestic uses: in solder for cans, as a gasoline additive to prevent “knocking” in engines, in water pipes, and, most prominently, in interior paint prized for its durability and ability to hold color. Far from being the toxic hazard we recognize today, lead was a valuable commodity. However, by the end

Overview

In the early twentieth century lead had many domestic uses: in solder for cans, as a gasoline additive to prevent “knocking” in engines, in water pipes, and, most prominently, in interior paint prized for its durability and ability to hold color. Far from being the toxic hazard we recognize today, lead was a valuable commodity. However, by the end of the century, lead had largely disappeared from our environment as physicians discovered the threat it posed to children’s health and mental development.

Old Paint documents the history of lead-paint poisoning in the United States and the evolving responses of public health officials and the lead-paint industry to this hazard up to 1980, by which time lead had been banned from gasoline and paint. Peter C. English traces lead poisoning from a rare, but acute problem confined to a small group of children to the discovery by the end of the 1940s of the dangers of the crumbling lead-painted interiors of inner-city dwellings. He draws on a wide range of primary materials not only to illuminate our understanding of how this health hazard changed over time, but also to explore how diseases are constructed and evolve.

 

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813529875
Publisher:
Rutgers University Press
Publication date:
09/01/2001
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface

Prologue

Part I Lead Poisoning before 1920

Chapter 1 Children and Lead before 1920

Chapter 2 The Queensland Epidemic

Chapter 3 The Scientific Study of the American Workplace

Chapter 4 Lead Hazards, Lead Safety, and Alice Hamilton

Part II Gnawing Toddlers

Chapter 5 Children and the Lead Industries Association, 1925–1935

Chapter 6 Baltimore, Boston, and Robert Kehoe, 1930–1940

Part III Peeling and Flaking Paint

Chapter 7 A 1950s Transformation

Chapter 8 The Urban Ecology

Chapter 9 New Therapies

Part IV Industry and Public Health Responses

Chapter 10 One Percent Lead Content for Paint

Chapter 11 Urban Lead Programs of the 1950s and 1960s

Chapter 12 Children and Lead, 1960–1965

Part V The New Ecology

Chapter 13 A “Submerged” National Epidemic

Chapter 14 Air Pollution and an Epidemic Redefined

Chapter 15 Dust, Dirt, and Mouthing in 1980

Epilogue

Notes

Index

Contents

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