The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures / Edition 2

The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures / Edition 2

by Michael D. Coogan

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ISBN-10: 0195378407

ISBN-13: 9780195378405

Pub. Date: 01/22/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Lucidly written by leading biblical scholar Michael D. Coogan, this balanced, engaging, and up-to-date introduction to the Hebrew scriptures distills the best of current scholarship. Employing the narrative chronology of the Bible itself and the history of the ancient Near East as a framework, Coogan covers all the books of the Hebrew Bible, along with the


Lucidly written by leading biblical scholar Michael D. Coogan, this balanced, engaging, and up-to-date introduction to the Hebrew scriptures distills the best of current scholarship. Employing the narrative chronology of the Bible itself and the history of the ancient Near East as a framework, Coogan covers all the books of the Hebrew Bible, along with the deuterocanonical books included in the Bible used by many Christians. He treats every book of the canon with careful attention to its historical context, its particular genre, and its distinctive features. Dealing in detail with ancient Near Eastern sources and archaeological data, Coogan works from a primarily historical and critical methodology but also introduces students to literary analysis and other interpretive strategies, especially current ones.

The Old Testament: A Historical and Literary Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures is enhanced by a glossary, timelines, photos, illustrations, maps, and a four-color insert on Jerusalem in biblical times. Strategically placed boxes address issues that often puzzle readers of the Bible, provide models of interpretation of particular texts, and discuss their significance for Judaism and Christianity. Each chapter includes a preview and summary, key terms, questions for review and discussion, and suggestions for further reading.


Fully revised and updated throughout

Two new introductory chapters that provide students with the context necessary to analyze the biblical texts—one on the composition of the Old Testament and one on the history and geography of the ancient Near East and how it influenced the Hebrew Bible.

• An updated Instructor's Manual and Testbank on CD and a Companion Website at featuring resources for both instructors and students

A FREE 6-month subscription to Oxford Biblical Studies Online (, edited by Michael D. Coogan, which provides students with unrivalled access to six essential Oxford Bibles; Concordances; the Oxford Bible Commentary; nearly 5,000 A-Z articles, from Abel to Zion, integrated with chapter-based scholarly works; hundreds of images and maps; and countless other internet resources.

Product Details

Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1. What is the Old Testament?
Box 1.1 Chapter and Verse
The Jewish Canon The Christian Canons
Box 1.2 The Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
A Look Back and Ahead
2. The Promised Land: Geography, History, and Importance
Geography History
Box 2.1 Timeline
Box 2.2 The Land of Israel in Jewish and Christian Tradition
A Look Back and Ahead
3. Creations. Genesis 1-3
The Book of Genesis Genesis 1 and the Sabbath
Box 3.1 Genesis and Science
Box 3.2 The Sabbath in Jewish and Christian Tradition
The Second Account of Creation
Box 3.3 Myth and the Bible
Box 3.4 The Garden of Eden
Box 3.5 "God" and "the LORD (God)"
A Look Back and Ahead
Box 3.6 Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Tradition
4. The Formation of the Pentateuch
The Traditional View The Development of Modern Interpretation A Summary of the Documentary Hypothesis The Formation of the Pentateuch Challenges to the Documentary Hypothesis Other Strategies for Interpreting the Pentateuch A Look Back and Ahead
5. Primeval History. Genesis 4-11
J (the Yahwist Source)
Box 5.1 Cain and Abel
Box 5.2 Noah's Drunkenness
Box 5.3 The Sons of God
Box 5.4 The Tower of Babel
P (the Priestly Source)
Box 5.5 The Table of Nations
Box 5.6 Enoch
The Flood A Look Back and Ahead
6. The Ancestors of Israel. Genesis 12-50
The Nature of the Narratives Source Criticism
Box 6.1 Abram and Abraham, Sarai and Sarah
Box 6.2 The Binding of Isaac
Form Criticism
Box 6.3 Circumcision
Ancient Near Eastern Parallels
Box 6.4 The Ugaritic Texts
The Joseph Narrative The Ancestors of Israel
Box 6.5 Abraham, Father of Believers
History and the Ancestors of Israel The Religion of the Ancestors A Look Back and Ahead
7. Escape from Egypt. Exodus 1-5
The Book of Exodus Exodus 1-15
Box 7.1 Hebrew and Hebrews
Box 7.2 Legends of Rescue
Box 7.3 The Divine Name Yahweh
Box 7.4 The Hardening of the Pharaoh's Heart
Box 7.5 The Development of the Passover Celebration
The Exodus and History The Exodus and the History of Religions A Look Back and Ahead
8. From Egypt to Sinai. Exodus 16-24
Itineraries Incidents on the Journey
Box 8.1 Manna
At Sinai
Box 8.2 The Location of Sinai
Box 8.3 Excerpts From a Hittite Suzerainty Treaty
The Ten Commandments
Box 8.4 The Status and Numbering of the Ten Commandments
The Ratification of the Covenant A Look Back and Ahead
9. Law and Ritual Exodus. 20.22-23.33 and 25-40
Law in the Ancient Near East
Box 9.1 Excerpt from the Code of Hammurapi
The Covenant Code
Box 9.2 "An Eye for an Eye"
The Ark, the Tabernacle, and the Priestly Vestments an Ordination The Golden Calf
Box 9.3 "Forty Days and Forty Nights"
The Ritual Decalogue
Box 9.4 An Ancient Hebrew Agricultural Calendar
Sequel A Look Back and Ahead
10. Ritual and Holiness. Leviticus
The Book of Leviticus Sacrifices (Lev 1-7)
The Consecration Ceremonies and Their Aftermath (Lev 8-10)
Purity and Impurity (Lev 11-15)
The Day of Atonement (Lev 16)
The Holiness Code (Lev 17-26)
Box 10.1 Anointing
Box 10.2 Capital Punishment
Women in Israelite Ritual and Law The Ethics of Leviticus A Look Back and Ahead
11. In the Wilderness. Numbers
The Book of Numbers Preparations for the Journey Law, Ritual, and Purity The Chronology and Geography of the Wanderings Rebellions in the Wilderness
Box 11.1 The Rebellions of the Israelites in Christian and Muslim Scriptures
Box 11.2 Miriam
Box 11.3 The Amalekites
Opposition on the Journey
Box 11.4 Excerpt From the Deir Alla Texts
Preparations for the Entry Into the Land A Look Back and Ahead
12. The End of the Journey to the Promised Land. Deuteronomy
The Book of Deuteronomy
Box 12.1 The Shema
The Origins of Deuteronomy
Box 12.2 Parallel Curses in the Treaties of Esarhaddon and in Deuteronomy
The Deuteronomic School The Character and Personality of Moses
Box 12.3 The Meanings of "Torah"
A Look Back and Ahead
13. Joshua and the Conquest of the Land of Canaan. Joshua
The Deuteronomistic History The Book of Joshua
Box 13.1 Parallels Between Deuteronomy 27 and Joshua 8
Box 13.2 Shechem in Biblical Tradition
Box 13.3 Circumcision a Second Time?
A Look Back and Ahead
14. The Emergence of Israel in the Land of Canaan. Judges and Ruth
The Book of Judges
Box 14.1 The Judges of Israel in the Book of Judges
Box 14.2 The Moabites and the Ammonites
Box 14.3 The Song of Deborah
Box 14.4 The Philistines
History and the Israelite Confederation The Book of Ruth A Look Back and Ahead
15. The Establishment of the Monarchy. 1 Samuel
The Book(s) of Samuel
1 Samuel
Box 15.1 Samuel in Other Traditions
Box 15.2 Positive Assessments of Saul
A Look Back and Ahead
16. The Reign of David. 2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1-2, and Psalm 132
2 Samuel
Box 16.1 David's Compositions
Box 16.2 Jerusalem
A Look Back and Ahead
Box 16.3 Psalm 132
17. The Reign of Solomon. 1 Kings 1-11 and Psalm 89
The Book(s) of Kings
1 Kings 1-11
Box 17.1 Solomon in Later Tradition
Box 17.2 The Royal Psalms
The Ideology of the Davidic Monarchy
Box 17.3 The Psalms of Zion
Box 17.4 The Royal Ideology in Later Traditions
A Look Back and Ahead
18. The Divided Kingdoms of Israel and Judah From the Late Tenth to the Early Eighth Centuries BCE. 1 Kings 12-2 Kings 14
Box 18.1 Chronology of the Kings of Israel and Judah
Late Tenth to Mid-eighth Centuries BCE
Institutions and Society Prophets and Prophecy
Box 18.2 Prophets in Later Traditions
The Legends of Elijah and Elisha
Box 18.3 Elijah in Later Tradition
A Look Back and Ahead
19. The Northern Kingdom of Israel in the Eighth Century BCE. 2 Kings 14-17, Amos, and Hosea
Box 19.1 Chronology of the Eighth Century BCE
Prophetic Books and "Classical" Prophecy The Book of Amos
Box 19.2 The Day of the Lord
The Book of Hosea
Box 19.3 Prophetic Attacks on Rituals
Box 19.4 Marriage in Ancient Israel
Box 19.5 God as Parent: Father or Mother?
A Look Back and Ahead
20. The Kingdom of Judah in the Eighth and Early Seventh Centuries BCE. 2 Kings 15-20, 2 Chronicles 29-32, Isaiah 1-39, and Micah
Box 20.1 Chronology of the Eighth and Seventh Centuries BCE
The Book of Isaiah
Box 20.2 Isaiah in Later Tradition
The Siege of Jerusalem in 734 BCE
Box 20.3 The Identification of Immanuel
Box 20.4 Sennacherib's Third Campaign (701 BCE) According to the Assyrian Annals
The Assyrian Invasion of Judah in 701 BCE
Box 20.5 Hezekiah's Tunnel
The Book of Micah
Box 20.6 The King From Bethlehem
A Look Back and Ahead
21. Judah in the Seventh Century BCE: The End of Assyrian Domination. 2 Kings 21-23, 2 Chronicles 33-35, Zephaniah, Nahum, and the Prayer of Manasseh
Box 21.1 Chronology of the Seventh Century BCE
The Reign of Manasseh
Box 21.2 Ashurbanipal's Library
The Reign of Josiah
Box 21.3 Megiddo and Armageddon
The Book of Zephaniah The Book of Nahum A Look Back and Ahead
22. The Fall of Jerusalem. 2 Kings 23.31-25.30, 2 Chronicles 36, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, and the Letter of Jeremiah
Box 22.1 Chronology of the Late Seventh and Early Sixth Centuries BCE
Box 22.2 Throne Names of Kings of Judah
The Book of Habakkuk The Book of Jeremiah
Box 22.3 Jeremiah in Later Tradition
Box 22.4 Parallels Between Psalms and Jeremiah's Confessions
Box 22.5 Jeremiah and the History of Bookmaking
A Look Back and Ahead
23. After the Fall: Jews in Judah and Babylon. Lamentations, Psalm 137, Obadiah, and Ezekiel
History The Book of Lamentations
Box 23.1 Acrostic Poems
The Jews in Babylonia
Box 23.2 Nebuchadnezzar's Wonders
Psalm 137
The Book of Obadiah The Book of Ezekiel
Box 23.3 Yahweh as Violent Husband
Box 23.4 Leadership in the Restored Community
Box 23.5 Gog of Magog
A Look Back and Ahead
24. Return From Exile. Ezra 1-2 and Isaiah 34-35 and 40-55
Box 24.1 Chronology of the Sixth Century BCE
The Priestly Source of the Pentateuch The Exilic Edition of the Deuteronomistic History Isaiah 40- 55
Box 24.2 The Development of Monotheism
Box 24.3 Female Images of God
A Look Back and Ahead
25. The Early Restoration. Ezra 3-6, 1 Esdras, Haggai, Zechariah 1-8, and Isaiah 56-66
History Ezra 3-6
Box 25.1 Aramaic
Box 25.2 The Books of Esdras
The Book of Haggai Zechariah 1-8
Isaiah 56-66
A Look Back and Ahead
26. Judah in the Fifth Century BCE. Ezra 7-10, Nehemiah, Isaiah 24-27, Zechariah 9-14, Joel, Malachi, and 2 Esdras
Box 26.1 Chronology of the Late Sixth to the Late Fourth Centuries BCE
The Book(s) of Ezra and Nehemiah
Box 26.2 The Elephantine Papyri
Apocalyptic Literature The "Isaiah Apocalypse" (Isa 24- 27)
Zechariah 9-14
The Book of Joel The Book of Malachi
Box 26.3 Second Esdras
A Look Back and Ahead
27. Traditions Rewritten and Consolidated. 1-2 Chronicles, Psalms, and Proverbs
The Books of Chronicles
Box 27.1 Samaria and the Samaritans
Box 27.2 The Arrangement of the Genealogies of the Sons of Jacob (The Tribes of Israel) in Chronicles
Box 27.3 Comparison of 2 Samuel 24.1-9 and 1 Chronicles 21.1-7
The Book of Psalms
Box 27.4 Parallelism
Box 27.5 The Forms of the Psalms
Box 27.6 Form-Critical Analysis of Psalm 3
Music in Ancient Israel Wisdom Literature
Box 27.7 Ahiqar and Proverbs
The Book of Proverbs A Look Back and Ahead
28. Dissidents and Lovers. Job, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon
The Book of Job
Box 28.1 The Satan
Box 28.2 "I Know That My Redeemer Liveth"
Box 28.3 Behemoth and Leviathan
Box 28.4 Job's Wife and Daughters
Box 28.5 Job in Later Tradition
The Book of Ecclesiastes The Development of Beliefs in Life After Death in Ancient Israel The Song of Solomon A Look Back and Ahead
29. Encounters With the Greeks. 1-2 Maccabees, Baruch, Sirach, The Wisdom of Solomon, and 4 Maccabees
Box 29.1 Tables of Rulers
1 Maccabees
Box 29.2 The Dead Sea Scrolls
Box 29.3 Hanukkah
2 Maccabees The Book of Baruch The Wisdom of Jesus, Son of Sirach (Also Known as Ben Sira and Ecclesiasticus)
Box 29.4 Different Views of Immortality in the Hebrew and Greek Texts of Ben Sira
The Wisdom of Solomon
Box 29.5 Contrasts in the Divine Treatment of the Egyptians and the Israelites During the Exodus
A Look Back and Ahead
Box 29.6 4 Maccabees
30. Heroes Under Foreign Rulers. Jonah, Esther, Additions to Esther, Judith, Tobit, 3 Maccabees, Daniel, and Additions to Daniel
The Book of Jonah The Book of Esther
Box 30.1 The Festival of Purim
The Book of Judith
Box 30.2 Widows
The Book of Tobit
Box 30.3 Angels and Demons
3 Maccabees The Book of Daniel
Box 30.4 "Son of Man"
Box 30.5 Outline of the Visions of Successive Kingdoms in the Book of Daniel
A Look Back and Ahead
General Bibliography

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