Old World and New: Early Medical Care, 1700-1840

Overview

The History of Medicine is a six-volume chronological account of the development of biology and chemistry and the economic and policy issues associated with public health. The interdisciplinary set begins with an exploration of the medical practices of early humans and concludes with a volume presenting readers with the vital information they need to answer questions concerning the future, from understanding personal risks associated with certain diseases to the ethical ...

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Overview

The History of Medicine is a six-volume chronological account of the development of biology and chemistry and the economic and policy issues associated with public health. The interdisciplinary set begins with an exploration of the medical practices of early humans and concludes with a volume presenting readers with the vital information they need to answer questions concerning the future, from understanding personal risks associated with certain diseases to the ethical questions concerning organ transplants and the preservation of life.

Old World and New: Early Medical Care, 1700-1840 discusses the concerns and advances in medicine that occurred during the Enlightenment, a time of significant progress in specific scientific fields. The book puts medical issues of the period into perspective and focuses on the unique accomplishments of the time, such as the scientific documentation of the anatomy. Though physicians of the period did not yet know the cause of disease, theirs was the hope that scientific knowledge would continue to grow so rapidly that disease would be eradicated.

The volume includes information on

advancements in surgery

digesticin and respiration

early American medical care

the importance of public health

midwifery

military medicine

popular healing methods

smallpox, typhus, and yellow fever

The book contains more than 40 color photographs and line illustrations, sidebars, a translation of the Hippocratic Oath, a chronology, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. The History of Medicine is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who wish to learn about how and when variousmedical discoveries were made and how those discoveries affected health care at the time.

The History of Medicine Set

Medicine Becomes a Science

Medicine Today

The Middle Ages

Old World and New

The Scientific Revolution and Medicine

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072088
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/1/2009
  • Series: Facts on File History of Medicine Series
  • Pages: 168
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments xii

Introduction xiii

1 Medicine in Search of Better Answers 1

Different Views on Restoring Health 2

Preferred Method of Treatment: Bloodletting 4

Mesmerism becomes a Popular Method of Healing 7

The Salem Witch Trials 10

Science Advances through Phrenology 14

The Psycograph 17

Homeopathy comes into Vogue 18

Conclusion 19

2 Advancements in Midwifery, Anatomy, and Surgery 21

Midwifery Begins to Change 22

The Chamberlen Family Secret 23

William Hunter (1718-1783): Notable Obstetrician 27

John Hunter (1728-1793): British Anatomist and Surgeon 29

The Early Use of Anesthesia 33

Procuring Bodies for Study 34

The Doctors' Riot 35

Conclusion 37

3 Changes in Battlefield Medicine 38

The State of Battlefield Medicine 39

The First Modern Military Surgeon 42

Larrey's Other Accomplishments 47

The Importance of Triage 48

Improvements in Military Medicine 50

Medical Care during the Revolutionary War 53

Joseph Lister (1827-1912): Develops Method of Antiseptic Surgery 57

Conclusion 59

4 Curtailing the Spread of Disease 60

Sir John Pringle (1707-1782): A Wise Observer 61

James Lind Solves the Problem of Scurvy 64

Typhus: What It Is and How It Spreads 64

The Dilemma of Smallpox 65

Efforts to Prevent Smallpox 67

Edward Jenner Champions a New and Safer Method 69

Smallpox Today 70

Conclusion 71

5 Learning from Yellow Fever 72

Yellow Fever in the New World 74

Yellow Fever Outbreak in Philadelphia (1793) 74

What They Thought Caused Yellow Fever 77

The Legacy of Benjamin Rush 80

Rush's Contributions to Mental Health 81

Heroic Medicine 82

Walter Reed, M.D. (1851-1902):An Enlightened Approach 84

Conclusion 87

6 Early American Medical Care 87

Early American Physicians 89

The Age of Heroic Medicine 91

The Medical Significance of George Washington's Death 93

The Discovery of Iodine 95

Medicines Become Products 96

The Story behind the Balsam of Life 98

Bringing an End to the Trade 102

Conclusion 105

7 Early Thoughts on Digestion and Respiration 106

What They Ate 107

What they knew about the Body 108

The Digestive Process in Action 108

Beaumont seizes an Opportunity 110

The Early Work of Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) 112

Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-1794): The Father of Modern Chemistry 113

Practical Science 114

Conclusion 115

8 The Importance of Public Health 116

Early Awareness 117

Urban Crowding 119

A Lack of Sanitation 119

Johann Peter Frank (1745-1821): Early Leader in Public Health 120

Children in the Workplace 121

Other Reformers: Bentham, Chadwick, and Shattuck 123

John Snow and Cholera 124

Conclusion 228

Chronology 129

Glossary 132

Further Resources 135

Index 140

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