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Munitions work offered working-class women—for the first time—independence, a reliable income, even an improved standard of living. But male employers and trade unionists brought them face-to-face with their subordination as women within their own class, while experiences with middle-class women co-workers and police reminded them of their status as working class.
Woollacott sees the woman munitions worker as a powerful symbol of modernity who challenged the gender order through her patriotic work and challenged class differences through her increased spending power, mobility, and changing social behavior.
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|1||The Army of Women: Munitions Factories and Women Workers||17|
|2||The Heterogeneity of Women Workers: Mixing and Mobility||37|
|3||"Industrial Work Is Good for Women": Health, Welfare, Deaths, and Injuries||59|
|4||Status and Experience as Workers||89|
|5||"High Wages and Premature Liberty": Wages, Autonomy, and Public Censure||113|
|6||Off the Job: Leisure, Socializing, and Sex||134|
|7||Class Relations among Women||162|
|8||"On Her Their Lives Depend": Gender, War, and Women Munitions Workers||188|