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On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations / Edition 2
     

On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations / Edition 2

by Konstantinos Dalamagkidis, Kimon P. Valavanis, Les A. Piegl
 

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ISBN-10: 9400724780

ISBN-13: 9789400724785

Pub. Date: 10/04/2011

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

This is the only book that presents in a comprehensive way current manned aviation regulation, airworthiness certification, special aircraft categories, pilot certification, federal aviation requirements, operation rules, airspace classes and regulation development models.

Overview

This is the only book that presents in a comprehensive way current manned aviation regulation, airworthiness certification, special aircraft categories, pilot certification, federal aviation requirements, operation rules, airspace classes and regulation development models.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789400724785
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
10/04/2011
Series:
Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering Series , #54
Edition description:
2nd ed. 2012
Pages:
308
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Motivation and Rationale 1

1.2 Background Information 2

1.3 Definitions and Clarifications 3

1.3.1 UAS vs UAV 4

1.3.2 Safety Analysis Terms 5

1.4 On Regulating Safety 6

1.5 Book Objectives and Outline 7

References 8

2 Aviation History and UAS 9

2.1 Early Designs 9

2.2 Modern Systems 11

2.3 Remarks 14

References 28

3 Current Manned Aviation Regulation 29

3.1 Introduction 29

3.2 Airworthiness Certification 31

3.2.1 Type Certificate 31

3.2.2 Standard Certificates 32

3.2.3 Special Certificates 33

3.3 Special Aircraft Categories 34

3.3.1 Vehicles 34

3.3.2 R/C Models 35

3.4 Pilot Certification 35

3.5 FAR Operation Rules 36

3.5.1 Flight Rules 37

3.5.2 Emergency Rules 38

3.5.3 Maintenance Requirements 38

3.6 Airspace Classes 39

3.7 Regulation Development Models 40

References 41

4 Unmanned Aircraft Systems Regulation 43

4.1 Introduction 43

4.2 International Civil Aviation Organization 43

4.3 United States 44

4.3.1 RTCA 46

4.3.2 ASTM 47

4.3.3 Current Certification Paths and Operational Guidelines 47

4.4 Europe 49

4.4.1 Light UAS 50

4.4.2 EUROCAE 51

4.4.3 EUROCONTROL 52

4.4.4 Other Organizations 52

4.5 Australia 53

4.6 Canada 53

4.7 Japan 54

4.8 Military Regulations 55

4.8.1 United States 55

4.8.2 Europe 57

4.8.3 NATO 58

References 59

5 UAS Safety Assesment and Functional Requirements 63

5.1 Equivalent Level of Safety 63

5.1.1 Manned Aviation Requirements 64

5.1.2 Derivation of an ELOS for UAS 65

5.1.3 UAS Accident Types 66

5.1.4 Mid-air Collision Requirements 68

5.1.5 Ground Impact Requirements 70

5.2 Translating an Accident TLS to System Reliability Requirements75

5.3 Case Studies 77

References 108

6 Thoughts and Recommendations on a UAS Integration Roadmap 109

6.1 Regulation Development 109

6.1.1 Applications 110

6.1.2 Sacrificability 110

6.1.3 Pilot Physically Removed from Cockpit 111

6.1.4 Take-Off Weight 112

6.1.5 Payload 112

6.2 Operational Risk Reference System 112

6.3 UAS Classification 115

6.3.1 Classification Based on Ground Impact Risk 116

6.3.2 Classification Based on Mid-air Collision Risk 118

6.3.3 Classification Based on Autonomy 120

6.3.4 Other Classifications 121

6.4 Certification Paths 122

6.5 Operator Training and Certification 124

6.6 Technology Issues 124

6.6.1 Collision Avoidance 125

6.6.2 Sensors 127

6.6.3 Communications 127

6.6.4 Power and Propulsion Systems 128

6.6.5 Launch and Recovery 128

6.6.6 Technology Testing and Evaluation 128

6.6.7 Data Gathering 129

References 129

7 Epilogue 131

7.1 Why UAS? 131

7.2 UAS for Military Applications and Related Challenges 132

7.3 UAS for Civilian Applications: Challenges and Issues 134

7.4 Challenges, Enabling Technologies 138

7.5 The Road Ahead 139

References 140

A Ground Fatality Probability Model Sensitivity Analysis 141

A.1 Background 141

A.2 Analysis 142

A.2.1 Kinetic Energy at Impact Results 143

A.2.2 Parameter [alpha] Results 143

A.2.3 Sheltering Factor Results 143

A.3 Discussion 143

References 150

B UAS Reference 151

Index 197

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