On Particle Verbs and Similar Constructions in German

On Particle Verbs and Similar Constructions in German

by Anke Ludeling
     
 

ISBN-10: 1575863014

ISBN-13: 9781575863016

Pub. Date: 01/28/2001

Publisher: Center for the Study of Language and Inf

Linguistic distinctions between the notions of a phrase, a word, and their components are challenged by so-called particle verbs in German and similar features in other languages. Particle verbs look like single words, yet are typically assembled from word-like fragments that together behave more like components of a phrase than of a word. The resolution of

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Overview

Linguistic distinctions between the notions of a phrase, a word, and their components are challenged by so-called particle verbs in German and similar features in other languages. Particle verbs look like single words, yet are typically assembled from word-like fragments that together behave more like components of a phrase than of a word. The resolution of existing scholarly ambivalence has exciting ramifications, from questioning the existence of particle verbs to a broader understanding of what constitutes a word.

Particle verbs have previously been analyzed as morphological objects or as phrasal constructions, but neither approach fits cleanly within its chosen framework. The resolution presented here is that particle verbs should be seen as lexicalized phrasal constructions. Emphasizing morphological and syntactic testability, over a hundred colloquial examples are shown to break the rules of previous approaches while remaining consistent with this book's proposition. To distinguish particle verbs from similar constructions, and to demonstrate how structural and morphological factors have been misidentified in the past, preverb verb constructions (PVCs) are introduced and diagrammed. This reveals the roles of listedness and non-transparency in word formation and clarifies the conclusion that particle verbs do not form a definable class of words.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781575863016
Publisher:
Center for the Study of Language and Inf
Publication date:
01/28/2001
Series:
Center for the Study of Language and Information - Lecture Notes
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
1What are Particle Verbs?1
Introduction to the Structure Problem2
Introduction to the Delimitation Problem5
The Example Set18
2Particle Verbs in Syntax, Semantics, and Phonology24
Semantic Properties25
Phonological Properties43
Syntactic Properties45
3Particle Verbs in Morphology59
PVCs in Word Formation - a Test for Structural Differences?60
PVCs in the Lexicon77
PVCs in Word Formation91
Nominalization96
Adjective Derivation105
Un- Prefixing of the Past Participle107
4Strange Words or Strange Phrases?115
Particle Verbs in Descriptive German Grammars116
Early Generative Approaches118
Morphological Analyses of Dutch and German Particle Verbs119
Syntactic Analyses of Particle Verbs129
The Semantics of Particle Verbs133
5Preverbs as Secondary Predicates or Adverbs139
Analysis142
Complex Predicates145
Preverbs as Adjuncts155
Consequences157
When is a PVC Called a Particle Verb?159
6Conclusion161
References165
Subject Index173
Author Index177

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