On Record: Files and Dossiers in American Life

On Record: Files and Dossiers in American Life

by Stanton Wheeler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0878556079

ISBN-13: 9780878556076

Pub. Date: 05/31/2016

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

On Record provides descriptive accounts of record-keeping in a variety of important organizations: schools and universities; consumer credit agencies, general business organizations, and life insurance companies; military and security agencies; the Census Bureau and the Social Security Administration; public welfare agencies, juvenile courts, and

Overview

On Record provides descriptive accounts of record-keeping in a variety of important organizations: schools and universities; consumer credit agencies, general business organizations, and life insurance companies; military and security agencies; the Census Bureau and the Social Security Administration; public welfare agencies, juvenile courts, and mental hospitals. It also examines the legal status of records.

The authors address questions such as: Who determines what records are kept? Who has access to the records? To what extent do the records follow an individual? What are some of the dangers and pitfalls in record-keeping? Throughout the volume, the authors show a concern for an appropriate balance between the need for information about people and protection against undue invasions of privacy. The introduction of electronic databases since the original publication of this book makes the issues raised in this seminal collection even more timely.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780878556076
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
05/31/2016
Series:
Law and Society Series
Pages:
450
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments

The Contributors

I. Introduction

1. Problems and Issues in Record-Keeping

Stanton Wheeler

The Scope of This Volume

Themes and Variations in Record-Keeping

The Policy Issues

II. Educational Institutions

2. Record-Keeping in Elementary and Secondary Schools

David A. Goslin and Nancy Bordier

American Education and Educational Records

The Historical Development of Record-Keeping Procedures

Current Practices

Trends and Future Prospects

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues

3. The Dossier in Colleges and Universities

Burton R. Clark

The Scope of Record-Keeping

The Primary Central Records

The Varieties of Location and Style

The Varieties of Confidence

Use of the Final Record after College

The Problem of Anticipation

4. Information-Flow within the Professions: Some Selective

Comparisons of Law, Medicine, and Nursing

Rodolfo Alvarez and Wilbert E. Moore

The Profession of Medicine

The Professions of Law and Nursing: General Comparisons to Medicine

General Comparisons among the Professions Summary

III. Economic Institutions

5. The Dossier in Consumer Credit

James Rule, David Caplovitz, and Pierce Barker

How Credit Reporting Works

How Should Credit Reporting Work?

Future Trends and Issues

6. Record-Keeping and Corporate Employees

Ivar Berg and James Salvate

Sources of Information on Managers

Records on Nonmanagerial Personnel

Disclosure of Information on Employees

Implications and Issues in the Use of Corporate Dossiers

Conclusions

7. Personal Information in Insurance Files

H. Laurence Ross

Life Insurance Underwriting

Personal Information in Other Types of Insurance

IV. Governmental Institutions

8. Government Records: The Census Bureau and the Social

Security Administration

Joseph Steinberg

Federal Data Collection

The Bureau of the Census

The Social Security Administration

Government Statistics—A Coordinated System

9. The Dossier in Military Organization

Roger W. Little

Forms of Military Dossiers

Disposition of Records

Issues and Implications

10. Security Investigations

Jesse Orlansky

Federal Personnel Clearance Programs

The Investigative Procedure

Denial of Clearance

Privacy of Information in Dossiers

Appendixes

V. Welfare Institutions

11. Record-Keeping and the Intake Process in a Public Welfare Agency

Don H. Zimmerman

The Setting and Its Tasks

Reception

The Intake Investigation

Documents as Objective and Factual Accounts

Concluding Remarks

12. Records in the Juvenile Court

Edwin M. Lemert

Purposes of Juvenile Court Records

Police and Juvenile Delinquency Records

Making and Using Juvenile Court Records

Consequences of Juvenile Court Records

Dossiers and the “Law Explosion”

13. Case Records in the Mental Hospital

Kai T. Erikson and Daniel E. Gilbertson

Record-Processing

The Patient

Issues of Confidentiality

VI. The Law

14. Legal Control of the Dossier

Abraham S. Goldstein

The Direct Inquiry: Questions to A by B

The Indirect Inquiry: Getting Information from B about A

Getting Information about A from the Government

Striking the Balance

Index

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