The dream a means of re-establishing the moral equipoise—The dreamer finds therein the material for reconstruction—Methods discussed—The part played by "faith in the doctor"—Abreaction.
Letter II— Jung
For the patient any method that works is good, though some more valuable than others—The doctor must choose what commends itself to his scientific conscience—Why the author gave up the use of hypnotism—Three oases quoted—Brener and Freud's method a great advance in psychic treatment—Evolution of author's views—Importance of conception that behind the neurosis lies a moral conflict—Divergence from Freud's sexual theory of neurosis—The doctor's responsibility for the cleanliness of his own hands—Necessity that the psychoanalyst should be analysed —He is successful in so far as he has succeeded in his own moral development.
Opportunism v. scientific honour — Psychoanalysis no more than hypnotism gets rid of "transference"—Cases of enuresis nooturna, and of washing-mania treated by hypnosis—On what grounds should such' useful treatment be dispensed with ?—The difficulty of finding a rational solution for the moral conflict—The doctor's dilemma of the two consciences.
Author's standpoint that of the scientist, not practical physician—The analyst works in spite of the transference—Psychoanalysis not the only way—Sometimes less efficacious than any known method—Cases must be selected—For the author and his patients it is the best way—The real solution of the moral conflict comes from within, and then only because the patient has been brought to a now standpoint.
"What is truth ? "—Parable of the prism—All man attains is relative truth—Fanaticism is the enemy to science—Psychoanalysis a method of dealing with basic motives of the human soul—Must not each case be treated individually ?—Morals are above all relative.
Definition of psychoanalysis—Technique—So-called chance is the law —Rules well-nigh impossible—The patients' unconscious is the analysts' best confederate—Questions of morality and education find solutions for themselves in later stages of analysis.
Letter VII.— Loÿ
Contradictions in psychoanalytic literature—Should the doctor canalize the patient's libido?—Does he not indirectly suggest dreams to patient?
Adler's finality—discussion of meaning of transference—the meaning of "line of least resistance "—man as a herd-animal—rich endowment with social sense—should take pleasure in life —error as necessary to progress as truth—patient must be trained in independence—analyst is caught in his own net if he makes hard and fast rules—through the analyst's suggestion only the outer form, never the content, is determined—though patient may mislead the doctor, but this is disadvantageous and delays him.
The line of least resistance is a compromise with all necessities—The analyst as accoucheur—The neurotic's faith in authority—Altruism innate in man—He advances in response to his own law.
Transference is the central problem of analysis—It may be positive or negative—Projection of infantile phantasies on the doctor—Biological " duties "—The psyche does not only react, but gives its individual reply—We have an actual sexual problem to-day—Evidences thereof—We have no real sexual morality, only a legal attitude—Our moral views are too undifferentiated—The neurotic is ill not because he has lost his faith in morality, but because he has not found the new authority in himself.