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On The Origin of Species
     

On The Origin of Species

3.4 8
by Charles Darwin
 

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On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. For the sixth edition of 1872, the short title was

Overview

On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. For the sixth edition of 1872, the short title was changed to The Origin of Species. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation.
Various evolutionary ideas had already been proposed to explain new findings in biology. There was growing support for such ideas among dissident anatomists and the general public, but during the first half of the 19th century the English scientific establishment was closely tied to the Church of England, while science was part of natural theology. Ideas about the transmutation of species were controversial as they conflicted with the beliefs that species were unchanging parts of a designed hierarchy and that humans were unique, unrelated to other animals. The political and theological implications were intensely debated, but transmutation was not accepted by the scientific mainstream.
The book was written for non-specialist readers and attracted widespread interest upon its publication. As Darwin was an eminent scientist, his findings were taken seriously and the evidence he presented generated scientific, philosophical, and religious discussion. The debate over the book contributed to the campaign by T.H. Huxley and his fellow members of the X Club to secularise science by promoting scientific naturalism. Within two decades there was widespread scientific agreement that evolution, with a branching pattern of common descent, had occurred, but scientists were slow to give natural selection the significance that Darwin thought appropriate. During the "eclipse of Darwinism" from the 1880s to the 1930s, various other mechanisms of evolution were given more credit. With the development of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s, Darwin's concept of evolutionary adaptation through natural selection became central to modern evolutionary theory, now the unifying concept of the life sciences.

Product Details

BN ID:
2940016695204
Publisher:
1.00 Books
Publication date:
04/22/2013
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
File size:
1 MB

Meet the Author

Brief Biography

Date of Birth:
February 12, 1809
Date of Death:
April 19, 1882
Place of Birth:
Shrewsbury, England
Place of Death:
London, England
Education:
B.A. in Theology, Christ¿s College, Cambridge University, 1831

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On the Origin of Species 3.4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 8 reviews.
Sosalty More than 1 year ago
A must read, but not for the casual person interested in natural science to refute his fundalmentalist grandmother. Rather it's more strongly supports the matriach if compared to our knowledge of modern science. His idea of "the problem of speciation" p.44 is one of intrigue demonstrating that Darwin 'was ahead of his time.' Truly today's idea of what 'speciation' has come to mean blurs any concrete definition, this in spite of the father of evolution predicting a debasing of scientific credibility if 'speciation' were left without being consicely defined. Are Darwin's finches in the Galapagos Islands a newly evolved species? If you fall on the side of yes, then we have millions of newly formed modern species. If one considers that the island finch species interbreed whenever el ninos flow that way, the evidence must be reconsidered. I found especially interesting, getting to read the forefather's formulation of 1)natural selection, 2) random mutation, and 3) genetic adaptation. You can see how evolution, in the micro sense, strongly supports today's state of life and living relationships, as well as rampant sub-speication, but not in the macro where supposedly new specie creation has been observed. Missing from the theory is any support of evolution being an abiogenisis in any manner, thus the book's title, "The Orgin of Species" leaves one wondering, just what caused that 1st spontaneous generation of life? It makes for a wonderful story and should be included in every avid scientist's library.
TheOtherAnonymousOne More than 1 year ago
First of all, to the anonymous person, do a little research and look up the fish called Tiktaalik. Scientists have found fossils of this ancient fish that link it to amphibians. Its skull has spiracles on the top of it which suggest some sort of primitive lung. As for your rant on principle such as irreducible complexity, that too has been refuted. Perhaps you can look up the Dover Area School district case and Kenneth Miller's testimony against irreducible complexity and the bacterial flagellum. Also, Darwin never said humans evolved from Apes. That myth is actually from queen Victoria who misread this very book and deduced that to be so. And as you can imagine, in that time, for royalty to compare with a beast like a chimpanzee did not go over so well and she disregarded this book. Although the theory of evolution is a theory, gravity and other scientific presumptions such as Cell Theory are also theories but nobody in their right mind would deny that gravity exists now would they? Even if something were to fall up would you still deduce that gravity is false?
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Love this book! 5 stars!
bga_reviews More than 1 year ago
The Open Road Media ebook edition is missing an illustration from the original paper edition that is used in the explanation of divergence of characteristics over generations.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This story has very good information about the different spieces this story has different ( readings ) so this would be a good book this book helps future scientists learn more about he different specimens on earth it will do very well in helping you learn more things about specimens it will help young readers learn more about different specimens in conclusion this a good book there should be more thank you author!
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Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The holy bible is more close to what we find about the creation of the world than evalution