On the Road to Total War: The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification, 1861-1871 / Edition 1

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Overview

On the Road to Total War is a collection of essays, originally presented at a conference of the same title, that attempts to trace the roots and development of total industrialized warfare (which terrorizes citizens and soldiers alike). Scholars from the United States, Germany, France, Canada, Switzerland, New Zealand, and Britain focus on both the social, political, economic, and cultural aspects and the impact on local society of the American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification. Certain social forces, such as mass mobilization of people and resources and growing nationalism, led to this totalization of war in industrialized nations in the nineteenth century.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...a rich, indeed profound, study of war in its many aspects. In their exploration of such issues as mass mobilization, civil-military relations, and popular attitudes to war, many of these essays shed light on issues that remain with militaries to this day. This is comparative history and collective scholarship at its very best." Eliot A. Cohen, Foreign Affairs

"The editors of this massive volume have tackled several controversial issues at once and, to send a resume ahead, the result is at least interesting, sometimes refreshing and thought-provoking, and often enlightening." Wolfgang Hochbruck, H-Net Reviews

"This large book is a colection of exceptionally well researched and thoughtful essays....rewards reading from cover to cover." Michael J. Zeps, History

"...the book as a whole is a major contribution to the historiography of war, significantly expanding our understanding of the Civil War and the German Wars of Unification." Mackubiun Thomas Owens, Washington Times

" On the Road to Total War is a substantial and hansomely produced volume, based on a 1992 conference sponsered by the German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C. ...the resulting publication is a valuable compendium of views. This is a stimulating book, including material of value, not just in the political and military conduct of the three wars, but on all aspects of societies and economies at war." Brian Holden Reid, Military History

"...students...will value important essays on Civil War prisons..., mobilization of African Americans ..., and northern politics and abolition ...." Kentucky Historical Society

"The essays collected in On the Road to Total War make worthwhile reading for anyone interested in American of German history, or military history in general. [Förster and Nagler] have done a superb job of arranging the essays...[this collection] enlarges the understanding of what soldiers and civilians, generals and statesmen, and their contemporaries thought was at wtake in two major conflicts of the 19th century, how prepared they were to sacrifice blood or treasure to win, and whether in the end they believed that what was gained was worth the price." Joint Force Quarterly

"This seven-hundred-page volume is a fascinating,...collection of papers...." Peter Bergmann, Jrnl of American History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521521192
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 8/22/2002
  • Series: Publications of the German Historical Institute Series
  • Edition description: First Paperback Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 720
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 1.57 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Contributors
1 Introduction 1
2 Was the Civil War a Total War? 29
3 The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification: The Problem of Comparison 53
4 Confederate Identity and the Will to Fight 75
5 Unionism and Abolition: Political Mobilization in the North 101
6 The Prussian Triangle of Leadership in the Face of a People's War: A Reassessment of the Conflict between Bismarck and Moltke, 1870-71 115
7 Union Generalship, Political Leadership, and Total War Strategy 141
8 The Civil War Armies: Creation, Mobilization, and Development 173
9 African-Americans and the Mobilization for Civil War 199
10 The Civil War Economy: A Modern View 217
11 Industry and Warfare in Prussia 249
12 The Prussian Army from Reform to War 263
13 French Mobilization in 1870 283
14 From Limited War to Total War in America 295
15 Remarks on the Preconditions to Waging War in Prussia-Germany, 1866-71 311
16 Loyalty and Dissent: The Home Front in the American Civil War 329
17 "The Better Angels of Our Nature": Lincoln, Propaganda, and Public Opinion in the North during the Civil War 357
18 The Permanence of Internal War: The Prussian State and its Opponents, 1870-71 377
19 French Public Opinion in 1870-71 and the Emergence of Total War 393
20 Women and War in the Confederacy 413
21 German Patriotic Women's Work in War and Peace Time, 1864-90 449
22 Tactics, Trenches, and Men in the Civil War 481
23 Daily Life at the Front and the Concept of Total War 497
24 At the Nihilist Edge: Reflections on Guerrilla Warfare during the American Civil War 519
25 The Wars against Paris 541
26 "Our Prison System, Supposing We Had Any": The Confederate and Union Prison Systems 565
27 French Prisoners of War in Germany, 1870-71 587
28 The Influence of the German Wars of Unification on the United States 597
29 From Civil War to World Power: Perceptions and Realities, 1865-1914 621
30 The Myth of Gambetta and the "People's War" in Germany and France, 1871-1914 641
31 War Memorials: A Legacy of Total War? 657
32 The American Civil War and the German Wars of Unification: Some Parting Shots 683
Index 693
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