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One Nation Under Sex: How the Private Lives of Presidents, First Ladies and Their Lovers Changed the Course of American History
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One Nation Under Sex: How the Private Lives of Presidents, First Ladies and Their Lovers Changed the Course of American History

3.6 18
by Larry Flynt, David Eisenbach

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Ben Franklin saved the American revolution by seducing French women. An early American sex scandal set the nation on the path to the Civil War. A gay love affair between James Buchanan and Senator William King aided the secession movement. The sex lives of America’s most powerful leaders have been so whitewashed by historians that people think George


Ben Franklin saved the American revolution by seducing French women. An early American sex scandal set the nation on the path to the Civil War. A gay love affair between James Buchanan and Senator William King aided the secession movement. The sex lives of America’s most powerful leaders have been so whitewashed by historians that people think George Washington and Abe Lincoln were made of marble, not flesh and blood. Here, notorious Hustler publisher Larry Flynt and historian David Eisenbach reflect on the sexual mores of eras past and present, and the evolving role of the press as truth seekers and opinion makers, and discuss how America can reform its politics and begin addressing the real problems that threaten our nation. Along the way, they shed new light on key events like the American Revolution and the Civil War, showing that the root of political moralism is not religious conviction but cynical hypocrisy and revealing how Americans can fulfill the promise of the Pledge of Allegiance and truly secure liberty and justice for all.

Did You Know?

• Ben Franklin’s well-earned reputation as a ladies’ man aided his effort to secure France’s military assistance during the Revolutionary War.

• Thomas Jefferson exposed Alexander Hamilton’s affair with Maria Reynolds to foil his plans to modernize the banking system and industrialize the economy.

• James Buchanan’s gay love affair with a slave owner made him a proslavery advocate who encouraged secessionists on the eve of the Civil War.

• During World War I, Warren G. Harding had an affair with a German 

spy who blackmailed the Republican Party when he ran for president.

• The FBI believed that John Kennedy had affairs with a Nazi spy during World War II and an East German spy during the Cold War.

• During the Lewinsky scandal, Larry Flynt used his sex files to help save Bill Clinton’s presidency.


Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Legendary Hustler publisher, First-Amendment crusader, and cultural provocateur Flynt joins forces with Columbia University professor Eisenbach to pull back the covers on key figures in American history, revealing in a heavily-annotated guide to presidential peccadilloes that sex scandals are nothing new. While most readers will be familiar with Bill Clinton's "sexual relations," J. Edgar Hoover's eccentricities, and JFK's fondness for women, they're likely to be surprised at the extent that the Kennedys' bed-hopping (including Jackie's) was kept quiet in favor of political and financial gain. And the raunchy public writings and private behavior Ben Franklin and other famous Americans will make some readers blush. The authors illustrate the extent to which politicians' private lives bleed into public policy that affects millions of Americans; FDR opened the door for Hoover to manipulate virtually every politician in office, for instance, and James Buchanan's 32-year affair with another man helped pave the way for the Civil War. Those looking for salacious details will find them, but Flynt and Eisenbach favor analysis over sensationalism, providing a new perspective of the men and women who have shaped our nation. (May)
Kirkus Reviews

Of prurient politicians and pulsating presidents.

Having earned renown as a pornographer and as a champion of First Amendment rights, Flynt moves onto slightly more scholarly turf by recruiting professor Eisenbach (American History/Columbia Univ.) to the cause of studying all the naughty stuff about our leaders. The result is something of a set of salacious index cards, not really connecting to anything except passing the test—presumably, that test being the reader's ability to titillate an audience at the next cocktail party with juicy details about Dolley Madison's derriere and Eleanor Roosevelt's fondness for Sapphic threesomes. What's that, you say? Well, Dolley was known in her time for bestowing kisses and much, much more on the powerful men of her day, calming down just a little after marrying future president and well-known drag James Madison. But, but, a reader familiar with those fine denizens of Montpelier and the Executive Mansion will object, that's not true. Right, admit the authors: "Although the tales of Dolley's rampant promiscuity are not true, the story of how they got started provides insight into how this one woman rocked the political world of the young Republic." And so most of this book is a collection of saucy gossip guaranteed to thrill an impressionable eighth-grader. The authors' general strategy is to present this gossip as fact—for how could one sell dirty stories about Lincoln, Eleanor, and even J. Edgar otherwise—and only then to backpedal to what everyone knows, which is that Bill Clinton was a horndog, James Buchanan a walker on the wild side, J. Edgar a walker in women's pumps, etc.

Meh. If you're not up on the sex life of, say, Millard Fillmore, then you might learn a thing or two here. Otherwise, this book mostly titters and snickers at the back of the class.

From the Publisher

“Well reasoned, well written, and well documented.” —Booklist

“Those looking for salacious details will find them, but Flynt and Eisenbach favor analysis over sensationalism, providing a new perspective of the men and women who have shaped our nation.” —Publishers Weekly

“Dig into the unwholesome side of American history to uncover how the sexual peccadilloes of the men we elect have transformed the world for good and ill.” —The Stranger

“Only liars will pretend that this book isn't absolutely fascinating.” —Buffalo News

“Presidential hanky-panky is as old as the nation itself. But no one can bring it to life quite like Larry Flynt.” —Steven E. Levingston, Washington Post

“The book is unapologetic, assertive, and sure to be controversial.” —The Philadelphia Inquirer

“It is amazing that this inherently salacious subject could be treated in such a thoughtful and documented fashion, scholarly even, and yet be such a great read.” —Robert Scheer, author of The Great American Stickup

“Americans often like to think that extramarital sex – or even a strong libido – is somehow a sign of poor character in our presidents. One Nation Under Sex explodes that myth. From Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson onward, our most respected leaders have always engaged in bedroom behavior that would outrage the cultural commissars--at no harm to the republic. You don't have to agree with all of Larry Flynt's and David Eisenbach's readings of history to enjoy this sex-filled tour through more than 200 years of scandal.” —David Greenberg, presidential historian, Rutgers University, and author of Nixon's Shadow

“Larry Flynt has waged a lifelong battle against hypocrisy and prudery: shattering every propriety and slaughtering every sacred cow. The political classes have never been safe from his special brand of satire. Now he turns his rabble-rousing sensibility backwards with a similar imperative. No more whitewashing! Smash decorum! Bring down the elites!” —Laura Kipnis, How To Become a Scandal and of Against Love

“As a Washington, DC, investigative reporter for two decades, I was certain the secret personal lives of politicians had an unappreciated affect on public policy and, eventually, history. Here's the book that documents it.” —Rudy Maxa, former Washington Post reporter and columnist

“Teaming up Larry Flynt with Columbia University historian David Eisenbach seems like an odd match but Flynt and Eisenbach have combined their talents and perspectives to produce a unique book that transgresses the holy empire of American history by providing a serious investigation of the sex lives of the Presidents. Be warned: this is not smut; this is an important and thorough historical excavation of how sex built the White House and our nation.” —Jim Downs, Professor of History, Connecticut College

Product Details

St. Martin's Press
Publication date:
Product dimensions:
9.32(w) x 6.46(h) x 1.10(d)

Read an Excerpt

One Nation Under Sex

How the Private Lives of Presidents, First Ladies and their Lovers Changed the Course of American History

By Larry Flynt, David Eisenbach

Palgrave Macmillan

Copyright © 2011 Larry Flynt and David Eisenbach
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-230-12035-8



The first White House sex scandal erupted even before the building's construction was finished. Betsy Donahue, the wife of a carpenter working on the White House, opened a brothel for the construction workers in a shanty in President's Park. Federal commissioners did not care that the workmen gambled and drank, but when Mrs. Donahue began pulling her husband's coworkers off the construction site for afternoon quickies, that was too much. Betsy was arrested and her shanty was torn down on July 20, 1795. Other than its location on White House property, Mrs. Donahue's sex business was not unique during the Revolutionary period, when prostitution was the full-time occupation of 1 in 25 women in America's cities. Today we tend to imagine the people who built the early Republic to have been as dignified and composed as the historic documents they left behind. The Founders were indeed noble and gracious, but they were also earthy, lusty and as interested in sex and sex scandal as we are today. Like America's leaders throughout history, the Founders had vigorous sex drives and vibrant sex lives that played a major role in building our nation.


The Founders might have declared independence on July 4, 1776, but unless they backed up their high-minded words and ideals with weapons and blood, the British army was sure to crush the great American experiment. In the first year of the war, the British invasion force outnumbered the rebels two to one. Since the Continental Congress had no money, no system of taxation and no credit to build an adequate fighting force, America desperately needed France's recognition and more importantly its army and navy. Louis XVI hated the British and was willing to send covert arms shipments, but he did not like the idea of openly supporting a revolution against a fellow monarch and was certainly in no hurry to side with a loser. The Continental Congress understood that the French government was not going to be won over with appeals to liberty or geostrategic interest; to win their full support, the French had to be courted and seduced. The trick was to find an ambassador who could charm the right French nobles and galvanize popular opinion in favor of the Revolutionary cause.

The Continental Congress looked for an ambassador who would be open-minded about French sensibilities, particularly their sexual mores, which appalled most Americans. John Adams said of eighteenth-century Paris, "There is everything here too which can seduce, betray, deceive, corrupt and debauch." Paris at the time had over 14,000 legally registered prostitutes, an army larger than George Washington's Continental army. To the average eighteenth-century American, all Frenchwomen would have looked like whores, with their cheeks painted in bright, round, three-inch-wide patches of rouge and their hairdos towering more than a foot high. To avoid messing their rouged cheeks, Frenchwomen greeted men by offering their necks to be kissed. According to Thomas Jefferson, Parisian women spent their days "hunting pleasure in the streets," while "our own countrywomen are occupied in the tender and tranquil amusements of domestic life." Jefferson reduced the difference between French and American women to "a comparison of Amazons and angels" and observed that Frenchmen "consider fidelity to the marriage bed as an ungentlemanly practice and inconsistent with happiness." French visitors to America also noticed the stark cultural divide over sex. French politician Jacques Pierre Brissot de Warville noted in 1788 that almost all marriages in America "are happy and, being happy, are pure," because unlike Frenchwomen, American ladies were "entirely devoted to their households" and thought "about nothing but making their husbands happy and about bringing up their children well."

If an ambassador to France was to be successful, he had to suspend his male chauvinism because French women ran the salons that were the center of political intrigue, social life and popular opinion. The American ambassador needed to be able to win over the ladies, gain admittance to the salons and negotiate the delicate world of French influence, intrigue, innuendo and flirtation. Looking over the professional and personal experiences of various candidates, Congress did not take long to choose Benjamin Franklin, already famous throughout the colonies for being a gossip, a libertine and a ladies man.

Ben Franklin was not the first American newsman to realize that sex sells, but he was a pioneer in pushing the envelope of what was acceptable in print. When he entered the newspaper business in 1729, he attacked Philadelphia's only other newspaper for printing an article on abortion. Under the penname "Martha Careful," the 23-year-old Franklin condemned his rival publisher in the voice of an outraged woman: "If he proceeds farther to expose the secrets of our sex in that audacious manner we will run hazard of taking him by the beard in the next place we meet him." Thus Franklin manufactured the first recorded abortion debate in America. He did not really care about the issue; he just wanted to sell newspapers and undermine the competition. A few years later, Franklin eliminated the rival newspaper and took control of the news business in America's largest city.

Franklin started America's first gossip column, which he called Busy-Body, in 1729. Although he admitted to his readers that Busy-Body's content was "nobody's business," he vowed that "if any are offended at my publicly exposing their private vices, I promise they shall have the satisfaction in a very little time, of seeing their good friends and neighbors in the same circumstances." Franklin reported in 1731 how one unfortunate husband discovered his wife in bed with a man named Stonecutter. The cuckold tried to decapitate Stonecutter with a knife but only wounded him. Franklin ended the story with a pun on castration: "Some people admit that when the person offended had so fair and suitable opportunity, it did not enter his head to turn 'Stonecutter' himself." The next issue reported on a constable who "made an agreement with a neighboring female to watch with her that night." Unfortunately the constable accidentally climbed into the window of a different woman, whose husband was sleeping in another room. Franklin recounted that "the good woman perceiving presently by the extraordinary fondness of her bedfellow that it could not possibly be her husband, made so much disturbance as to wake the good man, who finding somebody had got into his place without his leave began to lay about him unmercifully."

One of Franklin's most famous stories featured Polly Baker, who was put on trial for having her fifth illegitimate child. Polly argued in court that far from being punished she should be rewarded: "Can it be a crime (in the nature of things I mean) to add to the number of the king's subjects in a new country that really wants people? ... I should think it a praiseworthy rather than a punishable action." Polly concluded, "In my humble opinion, instead of a whipping, [I deserve] to have a statue erected in my memory." The judges were so moved by the speech that they acquitted her, and one of the judges married her the next day. Franklin later admitted to Thomas Jefferson that he made up Polly's story and many others: "When I was a printer and editor of a newspaper, we were sometimes slack of news, and to amuse our customers I used to fill up our vacant columns with anecdotes and fables, and fancies of my own." More than any other Founding Father, Franklin had a great appreciation for strong, sexually liberated, sassy women like the fictitious Polly Baker.

When readers complained about all the gossip in his newspaper, Franklin published an anonymous letter (written by himself, of course) defending gossip as "the means of preventing powerful, politic, ill-designing men from growing too popular. All-examining Censure, with her hundred eyes and her thousand tongues, soon discovers and as speedily divulges in all quarters every least crime or foible that is part of their true character. This clips the wings of their ambition." Franklin argued that gossip columns promote good behavior because, "what will the world say of me if I act thus? is often a reflection strong enough to enable us to resist the most powerful temptation to vice or folly. This preserves the integrity of the wavering, the honesty of the covetous, the sanctity of some of the religious, and the chastity of all virgins." Of course, Franklin wasn't publishing gossip to protect the virgins; he was just out to sell newspapers.

He also invented America's first sexual and moral advice column. In 1731 he published an anonymous letter (which he wrote) asking, "Suppose a person discovered that his wife was having an affair with a neighbor, and suppose he had reason to believe that if he revealed this to his neighbor's wife she would agree to have sex with him, is he justifiable in doing it?" In the voice of the editor, Franklin self-righteously replied to his own letter, "Return not evil for evil, but repay evil with good." In a 1731 treatise, "Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress," Franklin recommended sex with older women, "because in every Animal that walks upright, the Deficiency of the Fluids that fill the Muscles appears first in the highest Part: The Face first grows lank and wrinkled; then the Neck; then the Breast and Arms; the lower Parts continuing to the last as plump as ever: So that covering all above with a Basket, and regarding only what is below the Girdle, it is impossible of two Women to know an old from a young one." Sex with a basket-covered older woman also avoided pregnancy. Franklin pointed out that "as in the dark all Cats are grey, the Pleasure of corporal Enjoyment with an old Woman is at least equal, and frequently superior, every Knack being by Practice capable of Improvement." "And Lastly," Franklin concluded, "they are so grateful!!"

By attracting readers with salacious stories and an open discussion of sex, Franklin became the first American printer to make a profit from his newspaper. Other printers used their newspapers to advertise their other businesses—job printing and often a general store. Franklin pushed ad sales and advised businessmen on the best ways to market their products in print. While other colonial newspapers crammed their ads onto the back page, he sprinkled his ads throughout his paper, making them harder to skip over. He plowed his fortune into funding other printers in cities up and down the seaboard and in return got a share of their profits and their big scoops. By the age of 42, Ben Franklin was America's first media mogul, with his own news network, and so rich that he could retire in 1747 to concentrate on the passions that would make him famous: inventions, science experiments, politics and women.

Along with his racy writings, Franklin's unconventional personal life was well known to the Continental Congress. In his autobiography, he confessed, "[The] hard-to-be-governed passion of youth had hurried me frequently into intrigues with low women that fell in my way, which were attended with some expense and great inconvenience." One great inconvenience of sex with "low women" was venereal disease, "a continual risque to my health, ... which of all things I dreaded, though by great good luck I escaped it." One great expense of Franklin's running around was the birth of his illegitimate son William in 1730. A friend recalled that Franklin made "some small provision" for the mother, "but her being none of the most agreeable women prevented particular notice being shown, or the father and son acknowledging any connection with her." Franklin had no use for the mother, but his son came in handy 20 years later when he needed someone to risk his life flying a kite in a lightning storm. Franklin had William perform the death-defying feat.

Right after William's birth, the 24-year-old Franklin decided he needed a wife to look after his infant. His first choice turned him down after he insisted that her family mortgage their house to pay him a sufficient dowry. Next he approached his ex-girlfriend, Deborah Read, whom Franklin called "a fat, jolly dame, clean and tidy." The problem was that Read was still married. Although her husband, John Rogers, had run away, Pennsylvania law did not allow divorce for abandonment. If Read and Franklin married and Rogers returned, Deborah could be charged with bigamy, punishable by 39 lashes and life imprisonment. So six months after the birth of William, Deborah and Ben simply began living together in a common-law arrangement.

Franklin's love child became an issue during his run for the Pennsylvania assembly in 1764, when he was 58 years old. An opponent published a pamphlet claiming William's mother was a prostitute who later served Ben and Deborah as their maid until her untimely death and burial in an unmarked grave. Franklin's opponents also published a doggerel that mocked his wanton ways:

Franklin, though plagued with fumbling age,
Needs nothing to excite him,
But is too ready to engage,
When younger arms invite him.

Even Franklin's best-selling Poor Richard's Almanac, first published in 1732, made clear his skepticism about marital fidelity: "Keep your eyes wide open before marriage, half shut afterwards."

The Continental Congress knew Franklin liked to combine pleasure with diplomatic business. As an ambassador to London in the late 1750s he frequented the infamous Hellfire Club, which gathered members of parliament and influential aristocrats for sacrilegious rituals and orgies featuring prostitutes dressed as nuns. Participating in Hellfire high jinks enabled Franklin to win the trust of powerful club members who slipped him secret information on British negotiations with the colonies. There was rampant gossip in London that the 51-year-old diplomat was having an affair with his solicitous landlady, Margaret Stevenson. Franklin might have also been carrying on with her 18-year-old daughter, Polly. One day a friend, famed artist Charles Wilson Peale, arrived unannounced at the Stevenson house and found "the Doctor ... seated with a young lady on his knee." Peale recorded the scene with a sketch of the two engaged in a lip-lock, while Franklin "cops a feel" and Polly plunges her hand into Ben's middle-aged crotch.

Far from disqualifying Franklin as an ambassador to France, his irrepressible sex drive, unconventional personal history and raunchy public writings made him the perfect choice.

Although he was 70 years old when he embarked on his mission to Paris, age had not withered his passion for the ladies. "I have marked him particularly in the company of women where he loses all power over himself and becomes almost frenzied," an amazed Thomas Jefferson wrote. "This is in some measure the vice of his age, but it seems to be increased also by his peculiar constitution." Of all the Founders, only Ben Franklin could party and gossip with even the naughtiest French nobles and ladies. And so the Continental Congress placed the fate of the Revolution in the hands of a paunchy, five-foot-nine colonial Casanova.

Franklin's way with women was on display as soon as he arrived in France on December 21, 1776. His fellow envoy John Adams observed, "My venerable colleague enjoys a privilege here that is much to be envied. Being 70 years of age, the ladies not only allow him to embrace them as often as he pleases, but they are perpetually embracing him." One of the objects of Franklin's attention attributed the American ambassador's popularity to "that gaiety and that gallantry that cause all women to love you, because you love them all." Franklin was a master of what the French called amitié amoureuse, or amorous friendship—a playful seduction involving teasing kisses, sly embraces, intimate conversation and rhapsodic love letters.

Soon, stories about the lecherous old lover and his many mistresses spread from the streets of Paris to the colonies. Franklin tried to downplay the rumors in a letter to his niece in Boston: "You mention that kindness of the French ladies to me. I must explain that matter. This is the civilest Nation upon the Earth. Your first acquaintances endeavor to find out what you like, and they tell others. If 'tis understood that you like Mutton, dine where you will, you find Mutton. Somebody it seems gave it out that I loved ladies; then everybody presented me their ladies (or the ladies presented themselves) to be embraced, that is to have their necks kissed. The French ladies have however 1000 other ways of rendering themselves agreeable." Adams sniped, "All the atheists, deists and libertines, as well as the philosophers and ladies are in his train." What Adams did not understand was that activities and associations that ruined a reputation in Boston earned admiration in Paris.


Excerpted from One Nation Under Sex by Larry Flynt, David Eisenbach. Copyright © 2011 Larry Flynt and David Eisenbach. Excerpted by permission of Palgrave Macmillan.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Meet the Author

Larry Flynt is the legendary publisher of Hustler magazine and has been a famous crusader for First Amendment and privacy rights for over three decades. His landmark Supreme Court case, Hustler Magazine v. Falwell, is taught in law schools throughout the United States. A former political candidate himself, Flynt remains active in his longstanding campaign to expose sexual hypocrisy in politics and transform the national political dialogue. He lives in Los Angeles, California.

David Eisenbach, Ph.D., is a professor of American history at Columbia University, where he teaches courses on political history and the presidency. He was the creator, writer, and host of the two-hour History Channel special, The Beltway Unbuckled, about how presidential sex shaped American history.  His first book, Gay Power: An American Revolution, won the ALA 2007 Stonewall Honor Book award and the Lambda Literary Foundation named it a finalist for the LGBT Studies Award. He lives in New York City.

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One Nation Under Sex 3.6 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 18 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Average prose. Provided very little knew information about sexual scandals pertaining to our past presidents. Information which most likely can be found on Wikipedia. A term paper that any college student could have written. Especially with the closing comments.
Breana Jones More than 1 year ago
A great read if you are interested in history, politics or scandal. Even if only some of the stories are true, the implications are enormous. It makes you think about what other world, national or local events have occurred as a result of decisions made in the heat of the moment!
Joyachiever More than 1 year ago
"One Nation Under Sex" by Larry Flynt and David Eisenbach, PH.D. is a very compelling and fantastic book. I was fortunate to actually see them in person (and get their signatures) just this past Thursday because they were doing a book signing in downtown D.C. at one of the bookstores. There were many people in attendance, and I remember how both Larry and David wanted to ensure that they shared some of the information that was in the book. I am glad that they took the time to do this because it added more dimension and understanding of some of the messages that they were communicating through the book. I am about to list a combination of what is in the book, and what was discussed during their appearance. Please understand that I am a happily married heterosexual woman who is tolerant and open-minded to all backgrounds and sexual orientations. I had to share this because my thoughts on what is in this book may potentially be shocking to some, but easy to understand with a preface of my background. The following are some juicy tidbits that were discussed at the book signing appearance of Larry Flynt and David Eisenbach PH.D.: Abraham Lincoln's intimate relationship with a handsome slave owner The theme of the book is to get the message across that presidents are human, and many of the best presidents have had healthy sexual appetites. The Roosevelt's had a complex love affair that included other people. Harding, Wilson, and Kennedy were some of the wildest presidents. J Edgar Hoover (a well-known FBI director) denied Mafia's existence. The Mafia had possible photographic evidence of Hoover's and Clyde Tolson's sexual relationship. This was a big deal because the book cites certain instances where J Edgar Hoover took a no-holds barred approach with the sex lives of other powerful politicians. The following is some of the captivating information that is contained in "One Nation Under Sex" that is tied into what was mentioned at the speaking appearance and is strongly tied into history: 1)Benjamin Franklin was in his 70's when he was sent to help America win French support for George Washington's army. Benjamin Franklin was selected as ambassador to France because he had a reputation as a ladie's man (pages 5-36). 2) During the time he was in office from 1857 to 1861, President James Buchanan encouraged proslavery forces in the lead-up to the Civil War, and he chose to allow Southern states to secede towards the end of his term (pg. 50). James, the only known bachelor president, fell in love with Alabama politician William Rufus King (pg. 50). I admit that I found their union to be that of two soulmates because they stayed together for 32 years, until William died in 1853 (pgs. 50-51) However, I do agree with the authors (Larry and David) that President James Buchanan's relationship with William King (who was a slaveowner) explained his refusal to stop the South from seceding, and why proslavery states had valuable time to gather their forces before Lincoln became president (pg 54) 3) Lincoln's relationship with a handsome 23 year old, his wife Mary Todd, and a 44-year old Captain shaped his personality in becoming the Great Emancipator, which is common knowledge that Abraham Lincoln is credited with helping to end slavery (pgs. 37-63) 4) Nancy Cook and Marion Dickerman was a lesbian couple that helped transform Eleanor Roosevelt into a political powerhouse (pgs. 113-114) Nancy and Marion are cre
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Getbackjojo More than 1 year ago
I learned so much about some of our founding fathers.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Just get a free sample and you wouldnt be waisting your money and if you like it then buy it