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The international colloquium "Open Issues in Local Star Formation and Early Stellar Evolution" was focused on (i) the physics of young stellar objects, which are observed with increasing angular resolution by the new generation of telescopes, and (ii) the processes that triggered large scale star formation in the solar neighbourhood.
The scientific presentations were not limited to these two main topics as many new and interesting results related to star formation have been obtained. Indeed, the participants presented new findings in the fields of Stellar Groups and Associations; Young Stellar Objects; Disks; Outflows and Jets; The ISM Conditions for Star Formation; and Early Stages of Star Formation.
The discussions on "Open Issues", representing problems and unanswered questions, will make this book particularly useful for researchers and PhD students.
Stellar Groups and Associations.- Major Unsolved Problems in Star Formation.- The Stellar Mass Function of Galactic Clusters and Its Evolution.- Encounters and Close Fly-Bys of Galactic Clusters and Associations in the Past 50 Myr.- Solar-Type Post-T Tauri Stars in the Nearest OB Subgroups.- NGC 2362: The Shape of the Pre-Main-Sequence from A-Stars to Brown Dwarfs.- Young Stars and Their Circumstellar Disks in the— Orionis Cluster.- The Oph-Sco-Lup-Cen-Cru-Mus-Cha Star-formation Region.- The Gas-to-Dust Ratio and Metallurgy of Nearby Dark Clouds Probed by X-ray Absorption Measurements.- Sacy — A Search for Associations Containing Young Stars.- Age Determination of the Ursa Major Association.- Young Stellar Objects.- Accretion Powered Emission in Young Stellar Objects.- The Pre-Main Sequence Spectroscopic Binary AK Sco.- Survey of Young Stellar Objects Associated with Molecular Clouds.- The Stellar Population of Embedded Galactic Massive Star Clusters.- Spectroscopic Analysis of 131 Herbig Ae/Be Candidate Stars.- Classification of the Pico Dos Dias Survey Herbig Ae/Be Stars.- Chemical Composition Study of an Accretion Episode in the Herbig Candidate Star PDS080.- Magnetically Channeled Accretion in T Tauri Stars.- Properties of Young Stellar Objects from High Resolution Near Infrared Spectroscopy.- Probing the Circumstellar Structure of Pre-main Sequence Stars.- Accretion Signatures in the X-Ray Spectrum of TW Hya.- Post-T Tauri Stars Rotation in Associations.- Star Formation in Canis Majoris.- X-ray Emission from NGC 2362.- Accretion and Ejection.- The Origin of Jets in Young Stars.- Non Coeval Young Multiple Systems?.- Brown Dwarfs.- Brown Dwarfs in Young Open Clusters.- Brown Dwarf Companions.- Observational Clues to Brown Dwarf Origins.- Surface Gravity & Mass in Young Brown Dwarfs and Planemos.- Disks, Outflows and Jets.- Fu Orionis Eruptions and the Formation of Close Binaries.- Seds of Flared Dust Disks.- On the Alignment of T Tauri Stars with the Local Magnetic Field.- Temporal Evolution of Main Sequence Dusty Disks.- Numerical Simulations of Young Stellar Jets: From One Tenth to Parsec Scales.- Alfven Waves in Disks, Outflows and Jets.- Early Stages of Star Formation.- Submillimeter Studies of Protostellar Cores.- Detection of a Collimated Jet Towards the High-Mass Protostar IRAS 16547-4247.- Disks and Halos in Pre-Main-Sequence Stars.- Radiative Transfer in Prestellar Cores: A Monte Carlo Approach.- The ISM Conditions for Star Formation.- The Initial Conditions for Star Formation.- Chemical Signatures of New Star Formation Toward Young Stellar Clusters.- Collapse of Molecular Clouds Leading to Star Formation.- Star Formation in Globules.- Simba Survey Toward High-Mass Star Forming Regions in the Southern Hemisphere.- Conference Summary and Conclusions.