Open Questions: Readings for Critical Thinking and Writing / Edition 1

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We all make many ethical choices, small and large, every day. Should we give money to that homeless person? Should we shade the truth to protect someone else's feelings? Should we endanger ourselves by chasing that purse-snatcher? A first-year college composition course devoted to critical thinking and writing presents an ideal opportunity for students to reflect on what goes into making such decisions, and to refine their own understanding of what constitutes ethical action. The first reader to tap into this opportunity, Open Questions presents a wide variety of perspectives on profound ethical issues, along with a unique method of approaching those issues based on careful listening, analytic thinking, and persuasive writing.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312416355
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 2/28/2005
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 752
  • Product dimensions: 6.47 (w) x 9.17 (h) x 1.17 (d)

Meet the Author

CHRIS ANDERSON is professor of English and the composition coordinator at Oregon State University. Author of many scholarly articles and reviews and coauthor or editor of numerous books, including several textbooks for composition, he is also a much-published poet and writer of creative nonfiction, whose Edge Effects: Notes from an Oregon Forest was a finalist for the Oregon Book Award. His latest scholarly projects include the forthcoming Teaching as Believing: Faith in the University.

LEX RUNCIMAN is professor of English and former director of the writing center at Linfield College. He has written and lectured extensively on writing pedagogy, particularly writing across the curriculum. Coauthor or editor of several textbooks, he is the author of The St. Martin's Workbook (Bedford/St. Martin's, 2003). A poet and an editor of poetry anthologies, his latest collection of his own work is Out of Town.

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Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors
Preface for Students

What Would You Do? Three Scenarios
Questions and Answers
Ethical Thinking is Critical Thinking
Private and Public: Personal Convictions and Civic Rhetoric
Randy Cohen, Downloading Music from the Internet
Exchange between Randy Cohen and Siva Vaidhyanthan
Ethical Systems: Five Examples
Critical Thinking: An Ethics of Learning
Listening and Analyzing: Logos, Pathos, Ethos
Lindsy Van Gelder, Marriage as a Restricted Club
Annotating Your Books, Keeping a Reading Journal
Participating in the Conversation
Contributing to Civic Rhetoric: Making Claims
Reconsidering in Light of New Information, New Understandings
Community, Integrity, and Compromise: an Approach to Argument

1. Where Are You Coming From?
What Would You Do? Speaking Up for a Friend
Benjamin Saenz, Exile: El Paso Texas
Sarah Vowell, Shooting Dad
Elmaz Abinader, Profile of an Arab Daughter
Langston Hughes, Theme for English B (poem)
Maxine Hong Kingston, No Name Woman
Peter Steiner, You can be anything you want to be -- no limits! (cartoon)
Robert Coles, I Listen to My Parents and I Wonder What They Believe
Barbara Kingsolver, Stone Soup
Winona LaDuke, Voices from White Earth
John Daniels, The Authentic Trail
For Community Learning and Research

2. Are We Responsible for Others?
What Would You Do? Considering an Intervention
Henry Wechsler, Charles Deutsch, and George Dowdall, Too Many Colleges Are Still in Denial about Alcohol Abuse
Bowen H. McCoy, The Parable of the Sadhu
Stephen L. Carter, Welcoming the Stranger
Cornel West, The Moral Obligations of Living in a Democratic Society
Garrett Hardin, Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poor
Esther Dyson, Cyberspace: If You Don't Love It, Leave It
Joy Williams, Save the Whales, Screw the Shrimp
The Earth Charter
Joan Didion, On Morality
William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark (poem)
For Community Learning and Research

3. Is Violence Necessary?
What Would You Do? Mediating a Confrontation
Andre Dubus, Giving Up the Gun
Merrill Joan Gerber, I Don't Believe This
Michael Levin, The Case for Torture
The Dalai Lama, The Need for Discernment
Terry Tempest Williams, Two Words
Andrew Sullivan, The Pursuit of Happiness: Four Revolutionary Words
Alex Gregory, If you still want to belong to an organization dedicated to killing Americans, there's always the tobacco lobby (cartoon)
Kofi Annan, Nobel Prize Lecture
Dan Baum, The Casualty
Chris Hedges,Eros and Thanatos
Jane Goodall, Compassion and Love
For Community Learning and Research

4. Are We Our Bodies?
What Would You Do? Judging Based on Appearance
Authentic Elegance (advertisement)
Jenefer Shute, life size (fiction)
Scott Russell Sanders, Looking at Women
Bernard Cooper, A Clack of Tiny Sparks: Remembrances of a Gay Boyhood
Brent Staples, Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space
Judith Ortiz Cofer, The Story of My Body
Nancy Mairs, On Being a Cripple
Lance Armstrong, It's Not About the Bike
Ellen Goodman, Who Lives? Who Dies? Who Decides?
Sally Tisdale, We Do Abortions Here
Bill McKibben, Designer Genes
For Community Learning and Research

5. Is Honesty the Best Policy?
What Would You Do? A Case of Plagiarism
James Frey, How Do You Think It Makes Your Mother Feel?
Stephen Carter, The Best Student Ever
Donald McCabe and Linda Trevino, Honesty and Honor Codes
Bill Watterson, Today at school I tried to decide whether to cheat on my test or not (cartoon)
Lawrence Hinman, Virtual Virtues: Reflections on Academic Integrity in the Age of the Internet
Nora Ephron, The Boston Photographs
Simson Garfinkel, Privacy Under Attack
Malcolm Gladwell, Big and Bad
Naomi Wolf, The Beauty Myth
George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
For Community Learning and Research

6. What Is This Worth?
What Would You Do? Making a Questionable Bargain
Alice Walker, Am I Blue?
Barbara Ehrenreich, Serving in Florida
Eric Schlosser, What We Eat
Rebecca Mead, Eggs for Sale
Toni Cade Bambara, The Lesson (short story)
Milton Friedman, The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits
Robert Haas, Ethics: A Global Business Challenge
Aldo Leopold, The Land Ethic
Paul Hawken, A Teasing Irony
For Community Learning and Research

7. Why Change Your Mind?
What Would You Do? Rethinking a Decision
Scott Adams, I teach my kids that these things are right and these things are wrong. (cartoon)
Studs Terkel, C. P. Ellis
Naomi Shahib Nye, Long Overdue
Annie Dillard, Singing with the Fundamentalists
David Denby, Passion at Yale
Richard Rodriguez, The Achievement of Desire
Adrienne Rich, Claiming an Education
Helen Prejean, Executions Are Too Costly -- Morally
Ruth Benedict, The Case for Moral Relativism
Parker Palmer, The Community of Truth

8. What Would You Do?
What Would You Do? Taking a Stand
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Get Ready Now. (pamphlet)
Tracy Kidder, The Good Doctor
Barbara Lazear Asher, On Compassion
Peter Singer, The Singer Solution to World Poverty
Rebecca Solnit, The Silence of the Lambswool Cardigans
Wendell Berry, Out of Your Car, Off Your Horse
Kathy Moore, The World Depends on This
Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail
From the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Why I Volunteer
Brenda Ueland, Tell Me More
For Community Learning and Research

Index of Authors, Titles, and Terms

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