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Open Source: Technology and Policy

Overview

From the Internet's infrastructure to operating systems like GNU/Linux, the open source movement comprises some of the greatest accomplishments in computing over the past quarter century. Its story embraces technological advances, unprecedented global collaboration, and remarkable tools for facilitating distributed development. The evolution of the Internet enabled an enormous expansion of open development, allowing developers to exchange information and ideas without regard to constraints of space, time, or ...
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Overview

From the Internet's infrastructure to operating systems like GNU/Linux, the open source movement comprises some of the greatest accomplishments in computing over the past quarter century. Its story embraces technological advances, unprecedented global collaboration, and remarkable tools for facilitating distributed development. The evolution of the Internet enabled an enormous expansion of open development, allowing developers to exchange information and ideas without regard to constraints of space, time, or national boundary. The movement has had widespread impact on education and government, as well as historic, cultural, and commercial repercussions. Part I discusses key open source applications, platforms, and technologies used in open development. Part II explores social issues ranging from demographics and psychology to legal and economic matters. Part III discusses the Free Software Foundation, open source in the public sector (government and education), and future prospects.

About the Author:
Fadi P. Deek is Dean of the College of Science and Liberal Arts and Professor of Information Systems, Information Technology, and Mathematical Sciences at NJIT

About the Author:
James A. M. McHugh is currently a tenured Full Professor in the Computer Science Department at NJIT

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Provide[s] a well laid out review of the open source movement, including its technologies, policies, and impact and implications.... Overall, this book ties together the many interlocking pieces within the development and history of the open source movement."
A. Hollister, State University of Cortland, CHOICE

"The authors lay out the issues around a variety of open source topice in a clear, accessible prose."
Michele Tepper, Resources

"... A thorough effort... One of the most rigorous treatments of the social, legal and economic aspects of open source I have come across. I found the language used in the book accessible and inviting to readers from a range of backgrounds, both technical and non-technical. I recommend this book for anyone interested in open source and ideal for readers new to it."
The British Computer Society

"This book, is a recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the free software/open source ecosystem."
Andrew Katz, Magazine of the Society for Computers and Law

"This book should be useful to anyone using open source software technology or defining policies for it."
StickyMinds.com Books Guide

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521707411
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 11/30/2007
  • Pages: 382
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Meet the Author

Fadi P. Deek received his Ph.D. in Computer and Information Science from the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). He is Dean of the College of Science and Liberal Arts and Professor of Information Systems, Information Technology, and Mathematical Sciences at NJIT, where he began his academic career as a Teaching Assistant in 1985. He is also a member of the Graduate Faculty - Rutgers University Ph.D. Program in Management.

James A. M. McHugh received his Ph.D. degree in Applied Mathematics from the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University. During the course of his career, he has been a member of technical staff at Bell Telephone Laboratories (Wave Propagation Laboratory), Director of the Ph.D. program in computer science at the New Jersey Institute of Technology, Acting Chair of Computer and Information Science Department at NJIT, and Director of the Program in Information Technology. He is currently a tenured Full Professor in the Computer Science Department at NJIT.

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Table of Contents

Preface     ix
Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     1
Why Open Source     2
Preview     11
Open Source - Internet Applications, Platforms, and Technologies
Open Source Internet Application Projects     21
The WWW and the Apache Web Server     23
The Browsers     37
Fetchmail     50
The Dual License Business Model     61
The P's in LAMP     70
BitTorrent     77
BIND     78
The Open Source Platform     80
Operating Systems     81
Windowing Systems and Desktops     99
GIMP     111
Technologies Underlying Open Source Development     119
Overview of CVS     120
CVS Commands     124
Other Version Control Systems     143
Open Source Software Development Hosting Facilities and Directories     151
Social, Psychological, Legal, and Economic Aspects of Open Source
Demographics, Sociology, and Psychology of Open Source Development     159
Scale of Open Source Development     160
Demographics and Statistical Profile of Participants     162
Motivation of Participants     164
Group Size and Communication     166
Social Psychology and Open Source     168
Cognitive Psychology and Open Source     181
Group Problem Solving and Productivity     190
Process Gains and Losses in Groups     197
The Collaborative Medium     206
Legal Issues in Open Source     222
Copyrights     223
Patents     228
Contracts and Licenses     232
Proprietary Licenses and Trade Secrets     236
OSI - The Open Source Initiative     243
The GPL and Related Issues     250
The Economics of Open Source     265
Standard Economic Effects     266
Open Source Business Models     272
Open Source and Commoditization     281
Economic Motivations for Participation     285
Free Software: The Movement, the Public Sector, and the Future
The GNU Project     297
The GNU Project     297
The Free Software Foundation     302
Open Source in the Public Sector     309
Open Source in Government and Globally     310
Open Source in Education     316
The Future of the Open Source Movement     325
Glossary      336
Subject Index     351
Author Index     366

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