Opium Regimes: China, Britain, and Japan, 1839-1952

Overview


Opium is more than just a drug extracted from poppies. Over the past two centuries it has been a palliative medicine, an addictive substance, a powerful mechanism for concentrating and transferring wealth and power between nations, and the anchor for a now vanished sociocultural world in and around China. Opium Regimes integrates the pioneering research of sixteen scholars to show that the opium trade was not purely a British operation but involved Chinese merchants, Chinese state agents, and Japanese ...
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Overview


Opium is more than just a drug extracted from poppies. Over the past two centuries it has been a palliative medicine, an addictive substance, a powerful mechanism for concentrating and transferring wealth and power between nations, and the anchor for a now vanished sociocultural world in and around China. Opium Regimes integrates the pioneering research of sixteen scholars to show that the opium trade was not purely a British operation but involved Chinese merchants, Chinese state agents, and Japanese imperialists as well. The book presents a coherent historical arc that moves from British imperialism in the nineteenth century, to Chinese capital formation and state making at the turn of the century, to Japanese imperialism through the 1930s and 1940s, and finally to the apparent resolution of China's opium problem in the early 1950s.

Together these essays show that the complex interweaving of commodity trading, addiction, and state intervention in opium's history refigured the historical face of East Asia more profoundly than any other commodity.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520222366
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 9/18/2000
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 458
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.25 (d)

Meet the Author


Timothy Brook is Professor of History at the University of Toronto and the author most recently of the prizewinning The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China (California, 1998). Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi is Professor of History at York University in Toronto and the author of Japanese Loyalism Reconstrued (1995), among other works.
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Table of Contents

Illustrations and Tables
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction: Opium's History in China 1
Pt. 1 The International Context
1 Opium for China: The British Connection 31
2 From Peril to Profit: Opium in Late-Edo to Meiji Eyes 55
Pt. 2 Distribution and Consumption
3 Drugs, Taxes, and Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia 79
4 The Hong Kong Opium Revenue, 1845-1885 105
5 Opium in Xinjiang and Beyond 127
6 Drug Operations by Resident Japanese in Tianjin 152
7 Opium / Leisure / Shanghai: Urban Economies of Consumption 167
Pt. 3 Control and Resistance
8 Opium and Modern Chinese State-Making 189
9 Opium and the State in Late-Qing Sichuan 212
10 Poppies, Patriotism, and the Public Sphere: Nationalism and State Leadership in the Anti-Opium Crusade in Fujian, 1906-1916 228
11 The National Anti-Opium Association and the Guomindang State, 1924-1937 248
12 Opium Control versus Opium Suppression: The Origins of the 1935 Six-Year Plan to Eliminate Opium and Drugs 270
13 The Responses of Opium Growers to Eradication Campaigns and the Poppy Tax, 1907-1949 292
Pt. 4 Crisis and Resolution
14 Opium and Collaboration in Central China, 1938-1940 323
15 An Opium Tug-of-War: Japan versus the Wang Jingwei Regime 344
16 Resistance to Opium as a Social Evil in Wartime China 360
17 Nationalism, Identity, and State-Building: The Antidrug Crusade in the People's Republic, 1949-1952 380
Bibliography 405
Contributors 431
Index 433
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