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These volumes comprise the edited versions of the principal lectures and selected papers presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Optimization and Decision Support Systems in Civil Engineering. The Institute was held in the Department of Civil Engineering at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, from June 25th to July 6th 1989.
Both volumes reflect the full range of the systems approach to civil and structural engineering problems including: structural analysis and design; water resources engineering; geotechnical engineering; transportation and environmental engineering. This system approach, discussed in the first volume, includes a number of common threads: mathematical programming, game theory, utility theory, statistical decision theory, networks, and fuzzy logic. A most important feature of this volume is the examination of similar representations of different civil engineering problems and their solutions using general systems approaches.
The decision support aspect of the institute is reflected in the second volume by the knowledge-based systems and their artificial intelligence approach. Papers discussing many aspects of knowledge-based systems in civil and structural engineering are included in the second volume.
Knowledge-Based Approaches to Engineering Design.- Expert Systems for Engineering Design.- Knowledge-Based Interfaces for Optimization Problems.- A Knowledge-Based Expert System for Optimal Structural Design.- A Knowledge-Based Model for Structural Design.- Knowledge-Based Preliminary Design of Industrial Buildings.- A Prototype Environment for Integrated Design and Construction Planning of Buildings.- Water Resource Applications of Knowledge Based Systems: Hazardous Material Management, and Stream Quality Modeling.- The Development and Application of an Expert System for Drought Management.- The Potential Use of Decision-Support Systems for Integrated River Basin Management.- INLET: Access to Water Resources Management Data Through a Natural Language Interface.- Learning from Optimal Solutions to Design Problems.- Intelligent Systems for Pre and Post Processors for Large Structural Analysis Computer Packages.- A Knowledge Based System for the Diagnosis of the Causes of Cracking in Buildings.- Recent Advances in AI Based Synthesis of Structural Systems.- Representing the Ground.- The Inductive System: A New Tool in Civil Engineering.- Preliminary Foundation Design Using EDESYN.