Optimizing Health: Improving the Value of Healthcare Delivery / Edition 1

Optimizing Health: Improving the Value of Healthcare Delivery / Edition 1

by Franz Porzsolt
     
 

As health care costs soar there is increasing interest in examining what society and, particularly, patients receive in return for these expenditures. Optimizing Health brings together the best thinking from both sides of the Atlantic to explore these issues. It employs disciplinary perspectives from economics, ethics, philosophy, psychology, clinical practice, and

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Overview

As health care costs soar there is increasing interest in examining what society and, particularly, patients receive in return for these expenditures. Optimizing Health brings together the best thinking from both sides of the Atlantic to explore these issues. It employs disciplinary perspectives from economics, ethics, philosophy, psychology, clinical practice, and epidemiology to explore various ways that value for patients have and can be determined. It concludes with a discussion of changes required in practice, research, and health care systems to maximize the outcomes received from the provision of medical care services from the patient’s perspective.

The first section of the book provides theoretical perspectives from economics and systems thinking that help us to focus on how one might determine the value of medical care for patients. The next section considers the ethical and philosophical dilemmas that face developed countries in distributing medical care. How is justice served and evidence-based medicine employed to increase the value of medical care for patients?

The section on psychology deals with measuring outcomes from the patient’s perspective and involving patients in medical decision making. Measuring quality of life and gaining valid quality of life information when patients cannot respond for themselves are important topics covered by these chapters. Other chapters consider ways that patients can become more involved in medical decision making with the expectation that this will increase the value of medical care for patients.

A major section of the book about clinical practice discusses problems that can reduce the value to patients of medical care. These include overdiagnosis, aggressive treatments that do not result in better patient outcomes, findings that earlier diagnosis does not always result in better outcomes, and the extent of medical error in treatment.

The final sections deal with cost-effectiveness analyses and applications of clinical epidemiology. The chapters include a number of original investigations and applications of new methodologies. All-in-all, the volume is must reading for practitioners, policy makers, and researchers who want to find in one place the state-of-the-art thinking and future directions of valuing medical care from the patient’s perspective.

Ronald Andersen

Wasserman Professor Emeritus of the Departments of Health Services and Sociology at the University of California School of Public Health in Los Angeles

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780387339207
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
09/19/2006
Edition description:
2006
Pages:
314
Product dimensions:
9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 0.88(d)

Meet the Author

Franz Porzolt graduated from the University of Marburg School of Medicine and completed a postdoctoral fellowship on a grant from the Deutsche Forschungs-Gemeinschaft at the Princess-Margaret Hospital and Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto. He received training in Internal Medicine, Hematology, and Medical Oncology at the Medical School of the University of Ulm, where he performed laboratory work and completed his doctoral thesis on "Natural Killer Cells." He established the Clinical Economics Group, which is involved in developing tools for assessing the (non- monetary) values of medical interventions from the patient's point of view. In 2000 he received a second appointment at the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich and a teaching contract with the Technical University in Munich to integrate Evidence-Based Medicine into the curriculum of medical students. He has worked with the Cochrane Collaboration, and currently has a contract to offer evidence based medicine training in the Alto Adige (Italy).

Robert M. Kaplan is Professor and Chair of the Department of Health Services and Professor of Medicine at UCLA. From 1997-2004, he was Professor and Chair of the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California, San Diego. He is currently Chair-Elect of the Behavioral Science Council of the American Thoracic Society. Dr. Kaplan is the Editor- in-Chief of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine and Consulting Editor of four other academic journals. He is currently Co-Chairman of the Behavioral Committee for the NIH Women 's Health Initiative and a member of both the NHLBI Behavioral Medicine Task Force and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) National Academy of Sciences Committee on Health and Behavior. In addition, he is the Chairman of the Cost Effectiveness Committee for the NHLBI National Emphysema Treatment Trial (NETT).

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Table of Contents

Preface.- Preface.- Preface.- "CLINECS," Strategy and Tactics to Provide Evidence of the Usefulness of Health Care Services from the Patient’s Standpoint.- The Systems View of Health Care.- Seeking Justice in Health Care.- Ethics and Evidence-Based Medicine.- Paradoxes of Medical Progress: Abandoned Patients, Physicians, and Nurses.- The Bridge Principles.- A New Instrument to Describe Indicators of Well-Being in Old Patients with Severe Dementia.- Patient Empowerment.- Shared Decision Making in Medicine.- Overdiagnosis and Pseudodisease.- Palliative Medicine Today.- Medical Geography.- Cancer Survival in Europe and the USA.- Patient Safety.- Increasing Safety by Implementing Optimized Team Interaction.- Electronic Medical Records and EbIT.- Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.- Cost-Effectiveness of Lung Volume Reduction Surgery.- The Health Economic Evaluation of Adjuvant Breast Cancer Treatment.- Aims & Value of Screening.- Evidence-Based Health Care Seen From Four Points of View.- Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency of Diagnostic Technology.- Reduced Mammographic Screening May Explain Declines in Breast Carcinoma Among Older Women.- Fading of Reported Effectiveness (FORE) Bias.- Clinical Research and Outcomes Research.- Are the results of randomised trials influenced by preference effects? Findings From a Systematic Review.- Are the results of randomised trials influenced by preference effects? Why current studies often fail to answer this question.- Suggested Changes in Practice, Research, and Systems.- Biographies of Authors.

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