Oracle PL/SQL by Example (Prentice Hall PTR Oracle Ser.) / Edition 4

Oracle PL/SQL by Example (Prentice Hall PTR Oracle Ser.) / Edition 4

by Benjamin Rosenzweig, Elena Silvestrova Rakhimov
     
 

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects! Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example, Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g’s significantly improved

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Overview

This integrated learning solution teaches all the Oracle PL/SQL skills you need, hands-on, through real-world labs, extensive examples, exercises, and projects! Completely updated for Oracle 11g, Oracle PL/SQL by Example, Fourth Edition covers all the fundamentals, from PL/SQL syntax and program control through packages and Oracle 11g’s significantly improved triggers.

One step at a time, you’ll walk through every key task, discovering the most important PL/SQL programming techniques on your own. Building on your hands-on learning, the authors share solutions that offer deeper insights and proven best practices. End-of-chapter projects bring together all the techniques you’ve learned, strengthening your understanding through real-world practice.

This book’s approach fully reflects the authors’ award-winning experience teaching PL/SQL programming to professionals at Columbia University. New database developers and DBAs can use its step-by-step instructions to get productive fast; experienced PL/SQL programmers can use this book as a practical solutions reference. Coverage includes

• Mastering basic PL/SQL concepts and general programming language fundamentals, and understanding SQL’s role in

PL/SQL

• Using conditional and iterative program control techniques, including the new CONTINUE and CONTINUE WHEN statements

• Efficiently handling errors and exceptions

• Working with cursors and triggers, including Oracle 11g’s powerful new compound triggers

• Using stored procedures, functions, and packages to write modular code that other programs can execute

• Working with collections, object-relational features, native dynamic SQL, bulk SQL, and other advanced PL/SQL capabilities

• Handy reference appendices: PL/SQL formatting guide, sample database schema, ANSI SQL standards reference, and

more

Benjamin Rosenzweig is a Software Development Manager at Misys. Previously he was a Principal Consultant at Oracle. His experience ranges from creating an electronic Tibetan—English Dictionary in Kathmandu, Nepal, to supporting presentation centers at Goldman Sachs and managing trading systems at TIAA-CREF. As an instructor at Columbia University’s Computer Technology and Application Program, he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award. Rosenzweig wrote and presented Oracle Forms Developer: The Complete Video Course, and coauthored Oracle Web Application Programming for PL/SQL Developers.

Elena Silvestrova Rakhimov is Senior Developer and Team Lead at Alea Software. She has more than fifteen years of experience in database development in a wide spectrum of enterprise and business environments, ranging from non-profit organizations to Wall Street. She has taught database programming at Columbia University.

Contents

Acknowledgments xiv

About the Authors xv

Introduction xvii

CHAPTER 1 PL/SQL Concepts 1

LAB 1.1 PL/SQL in Client/Server Architecture 2

1.1.1 Use PL/SQL Anonymous Blocks 8

1.1.2 Understand How PL/SQL Gets Executed 10

LAB 1.2 PL/SQL in SQL*Plus 12

1.2.1 Use Substitution Variables 16

1.2.2 Use the DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE Statement 17

Chapter 1 Try It Yourself 19

CHAPTER 2 General Programming Language

Fundamentals 21

LAB 2.1 PL/SQL Programming Fundamentals 22

2.1.1 Make Use of PL/SQL Language Components 23

2.1.2 Make Use of PL/SQL Variables 24

2.1.3 Handle PL/SQL Reserved Words 26

2.1.4 Make Use of Identifiers in PL/SQL 27

2.1.5 Make Use of Anchored Datatypes 28

2.1.6 Declare and Initialize Variables 31

2.1.7 Understand the Scope of a Block, Nested Blocks, and Labels 34

Chapter 2 Try It Yourself 37

CHAPTER 3 SQL in PL/SQL 39

LAB 3.1 Making Use of DML in PL/SQL 40

3.1.1 Use the Select INTO Syntax for Variable Initialization 41

3.1.2 Use DML in a PL/SQL Block 42

3.1.3 Make Use of a Sequence in a PL/SQL Block 44

LAB 3.2 Making Use of SAVEPOINT 45

3.2.1 Make Use of COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and SAVEPOINT in a PL/SQL Block 48

Chapter 3 Try It Yourself 51

CHAPTER 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements 53

LAB 4.1 IF Statements 54

4.1.1 Use the IF-THEN Statement 58

4.1.2 Use the IF-THEN-ELSE Statement 62

LAB 4.2 ELSIF Statements 65

4.2.1 Use the ELSIF Statement 69

LAB 4.3 Nested IF Statements 74

4.3.1 Use Nested IF Statements 76

Chapter 4 Try It Yourself 80

CHAPTER 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements 81

LAB 5.1 CASE Statements 82

5.1.1 Use the CASE Statement 89

5.1.2 Use the Searched CASE Statement 91

LAB 5.2 CASE Expressions 96

5.2.1 Use the CASE Expression 100

LAB 5.3 NULLIF and COALESCE Functions 103

5.3.1 The NULLIF Function 107

5.3.2 Use the COALESCE Function 109

Chapter 5 Try It Yourself 112

CHAPTER 6 Iterative Control: Part I 113

LAB 6.1 Simple Loops 114

6.1.1 Use Simple Loops with EXIT Conditions 118

6.1.2 Use Simple Loops with EXIT WHEN Conditions 120

LAB 6.2 WHILE Loops 124

6.2.1 Use WHILE Loops 128

LAB 6.3 Numeric FOR Loops 132

6.3.1 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the IN Option 137

6.3.2 Use Numeric FOR Loops with the REVERSE Option 139

Chapter 6 Try It Yourself 142

CHAPTER 7 Iterative Control: Part II 143

LAB 7.1 The CONTINUE Statement 144

7.1.1 Use the CONTINUE Statement 146

7.1.2 Use the CONTINUE WHEN Condition 152

LAB 7.2 Nested Loops 154

7.2.1 Use Nested Loops 157

Chapter 7 Try It Yourself 161

CHAPTER 8 Error Handling and Built-in Exceptions 163

LAB 8.1 Handling Errors 164

8.1.1 Understand the Importance of Error Handling 167

LAB 8.2 Built-in Exceptions 169

8.2.1 Use Built-in Exceptions 174

Chapter 8 Try It Yourself 178

CHAPTER 9 Exceptions 179

LAB 9.1 Exception Scope 180

9.1.1 Understand the Scope of an Exception 183

LAB 9.2 User-Defined Exceptions 188

9.2.1 Use User-Defined Exceptions 193

LAB 9.3 Exception Propagation 197

9.3.1 Understand How Exceptions Propagate 203

9.3.2 Reraise Exceptions 206

Chapter 9 Try It Yourself 209

CHAPTER 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts 211

LAB 10.1 RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 212

10.1.1 Use RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR 215

LAB 10.2 EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 217

10.2.1 USE the EXCEPTION_INIT Pragma 219

LAB 10.3 SQLCODE and SQLERRM 222

10.3.1 Use SQLCODE and SQLERRM 225

Chapter 10 Try It Yourself 227

CHAPTER 11 Introduction to Cursors 229

LAB 11.1 Cursor Manipulation 230

11.1.1 Make Use of Record Types 234

11.1.2 Process an Explicit Cursor 235

11.1.3 Make Use of Cursor Attributes 240

11.1.4 Put It All Together 242

LAB 11.2 Using Cursor FOR Loops and Nested Cursors 246

11.2.1 Use a Cursor FOR Loop 247

11.2.2 Process Nested Cursors 247

Chapter 11 Try It Yourself 252

CHAPTER 12 Advanced Cursors 253

LAB 12.1 Using Parameters with Cursors and Complex Nested Cursors 254

12.1.1 Use Parameters in a Cursor 255

12.1.2 Use Complex Nested Cursors 255

LAB 12.2 FOR UPDATE and WHERE CURRENT Cursors 258

12.2.1 For UPDATE and WHERE CURRENT Cursors 258

CHAPTER 13 Triggers 263

LAB 13.1 What Triggers Are 264

13.1.1 Understand What a Trigger Is 272

13.1.2 Use BEFORE and AFTER Triggers 274

LAB 13.2 Types of Triggers 277

13.2.1 Use Row and Statement Triggers 283

13.2.2 Use INSTEAD OF Triggers 285

Chaper 13 Try It Yourself 290

CHAPTER 14 Compound Triggers 291

LAB 14.1 Mutating Table Issues 292

14.1.1 Understand Mutating Tables 296

LAB 14.2 Compound Triggers 300

14.2.1 Understand Compound Triggers 306

Chapter 14 Try It Yourself 313

CHAPTER 15 Collections 315

LAB 15.1 PL/SQL Tables 316

15.1.1 Use Associative Arrays 326

15.1.2 Use Nested Tables 330

LAB 15.2 Varrays 334

15.2.1 Use Varrays 338

LAB 15.3 Multilevel Collections 342

15.3.1 Use Multilevel Collections 344

Chapter 15 Try It Yourself 348

CHAPTER 16 Records 349

LAB 16.1 Record Types 350

16.1.1 Use Table-Based and Cursor-Based Records 358

16.1.2 Use User-Defined Records 362

LAB 16.2 Nested Records 367

16.2.1 Use Nested Records 369

LAB 16.3 Collections of Records 373

16.3.1 Use Collections of Records 374

Chapter 16 Try It Yourself 378

CHAPTER 17 Native Dynamic SQL 379

LAB 17.1 EXECUTE IMMEDIATE Statements 380

17.1.1 Use the EXECUTE IMMEDIATE Statement 387

LAB 17.2 OPEN-FOR, FETCH, and CLOSE Statements 392

17.2.1 Use OPEN-FOR, FETCH, and CLOSE Statements 395

Chapter 17 Try It Yourself 401

CHAPTER 18 Bulk SQL 403

LAB 18.1 The FORALL Statement 404

18.1.1 Use the FORALL Statement 413

LAB 18.2 The BULK COLLECT Clause 422

18.2.1 Use the BULK COLLECT Statement 428

Chapter 18 Try It Yourself 437

CHAPTER 19 Procedures 439

LAB 19.1 Creating Procedures 441

19.1.1 Create Procedures 441

19.1.2 Query the Data Dictionary for Information on Procedures 443

LAB 19.2 Passing Parameters into and out of Procedures 444

19.2.1 Use IN and OUT Parameters with Procedures 445

Chapter 19 Try It Yourself 447

Part 1 447

Part 2 447

CHAPTER 20 Functions 449

LAB 20.1 Creating and Using Functions 450

20.1.1 Create Stored Functions 451

20.1.2 Make Use of Functions 452

20.1.3 Invoke Functions in SQL Statements 453

20.1.4 Write Complex Functions 454

Chapter 20 Try It Yourself 455

CHAPTER 21 Packages 457

LAB 21.1 The Benefits of Using Packages 458

21.1.1 Create Package Specifications 460

21.1.2 Create Package Bodies 462

21.1.3 Call Stored Packages 464

21.1.4 Create Private Objects 465

21.1.5 Create Package Variables and Cursors 469

LAB 21.2 Cursor Variables 471

21.2.1 Make Use of Cursor Variables 475

LAB 21.3 Extending the Package 480

21.3.1 Extend the Package 480

Chapter 21 Try It Yourself 493

CHAPTER 22 Stored Code 495

LAB 22.1 Gathering Information About Stored Code 496

22.1.1 Get Stored Code Information from the Data Dictionary 496

22.1.2 Enforce the Purity Level with the RESTRICT_REFERENCES Pragma 500

22.1.3 Overload Modules 506

Chapter 22 Try It Yourself 512

CHAPTER 23 Object Types in Oracle 513

LAB 23.1 Object Types 514

23.1.1 Use Object Types 522

23.1.2 Use Object Types with Collections 526

LAB 23.2 Object Type Methods 531

23.2.1 Use Object Type Methods 544

Chapter 23 Try It Yourself 554

CHAPTER 24 Oracle Supplied Packages 555

LAB 24.1 Making Use of Oracle Supplied Packages to Profile PL/SQL, Access Files, and Schedule Jobs 556

24.1.1 Access Files with UTL_FILE 563

24.1.2 Schedule Jobs with DBMS_JOB 563

24.1.3 Submit Jobs 564

LAB 24.2 Making Use of Oracle-Supplied Packages to Generate an Explain Plan and Create HTML Pages 568

24.2.1 Generate an Explain Plan with DBMS_XPLAN 572

LAB 24.3 Creating Web Pages with the Oracle Web Toolkit 578

24.3.1 Create an HTML Page with the Oracle Web Toolkit 594

APPENDIX A PL/SQL Formatting Guide 597

APPENDIX B Student Database Schema 601

APPENDIX C ANSI SQL Standards 607

APPENDIX D Answers to the Try It Yourself Sections 613

INDEX 705

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780137144228
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
09/04/2008
Series:
Prentice Hall Professional Oracle Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
740
Sales rank:
1,375,401
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Introduction

Chapter 1 PL/SQL Concepts

Chapter 2 General Programming Language Fundamentals

Chapter 3 SQL in PL/SQL

Chapter 4 Conditional Control: IF Statements

Chapter 5 Conditional Control: CASE Statements

Chapter 6 Iterative Control: Part 1

Chapter 7 Iterative Control: Part 2

Chapter 8 Error Handling and Built-In Exceptions

Chapter 9 Exceptions

Chapter 10 Exceptions: Advanced Concepts

Chapter 11 Introduction to Cursors

Chapter 12 Advanced Cursors

Chapter 13 Triggers

Chapter 14 Compound Triggers

Chapter 15 Collections

Chapter 16 Records

Chapter 17 Native Dynamic SQL

Chapter 18 Bulk SQL

Chapter 19 Procedures

Chapter 20 Functions

Chapter 21 Packages

Chapter 22 Stored Code

Chapter 23 Object Types in Oracle

Chapter 24 Oracle Supplied Packages

Appendix A PL/SQL Formatting Guide

Appendix B Student Database Schema

Appendix C ANSI SQL Standards

Appendix D Answers to Try it Yourself Sections

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