Order by Accident: The Origins and Consequences of Conformity in Contemporary Japan

Overview

While the consequences of low social order are well understood, the consequences of high social order are not. Yet perhaps nowhere in the world is social order so well developed as in Japan, which is highly organized, economically successful, and enjoys a safe society. However, Japan pays a price--the loss of personal freedom, and the inability to exploit its citizens' talents.In Order by Accident, Alan S. Miller and Satoshi Kanazawa discuss the consequences of high social order in Japan. They integrate a wide ...

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Overview

While the consequences of low social order are well understood, the consequences of high social order are not. Yet perhaps nowhere in the world is social order so well developed as in Japan, which is highly organized, economically successful, and enjoys a safe society. However, Japan pays a price--the loss of personal freedom, and the inability to exploit its citizens' talents.In Order by Accident, Alan S. Miller and Satoshi Kanazawa discuss the consequences of high social order in Japan. They integrate a wide range of scholarship on Japan, ranging from studies by criminologists, to religious studies, to the most current social psychological studies. The results are sometimes startling and counterintuitive, since the same theory of social order explains equally well why Japan has an orderly society with low street crimes, but is plagued with problems such as white collar crime.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813367941
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 5/4/2000
  • Pages: 168
  • Lexile: 1350L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.18 (w) x 9.24 (h) x 0.59 (d)

Meet the Author

Alan S. Miller is Professor of Behavioral Science at Hokkaido University, Japan and is an Affiliate Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington. He has worked for the Environmental Sciences wing of the Science Applications International Corporation. Miller holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Washington. He is the author of over 20 articles in peer-reviewed academic journals concerned with the areas of crime and deviant behavior, religion, and comparative social psychology.Satoshi Kanazawais Assistant Professor of Sociology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. He has written widely in the areas of social psychology, political sociology, marriage and the family, criminology, macrosociology, mathematical sociology, theory, and methodology. His recent articles have appeared in American Sociological Review,American Journal of Sociology,Social Forces, Journal of Politics, Sociological Theory, and Evolution and Human Behavior. Alan S. Miller is Professor of Behavioral Science at Hokkaido University, Japan and is an Affiliate Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Washington. He has worked for the Environmental Sciences wing of the Science Applications International Corporation. Miller holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Washington. He is the author of over 20 articles in peer-reviewed academic journals concerned with the areas of crime and deviant behavior, religion, and comparative social psychology.Satoshi Kanazawais Assistant Professor of Sociology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. He has written widely in the areas of social psychology, political sociology, marriage and the family, criminology, macrosociology, mathematical sociology, theory, and methodology. His recent articles have appeared in American Sociological Review,American Journal of Sociology,Social Forces, Journal of Politics, Sociological Theory, and Evolution and Human Behavior.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures ix
Acknowledgments xi
Part 1 Theoretical Orientation
1 Social Order and Social Control: An Introduction 3
Ironies of Social Structure 4
Social Order 5
Informal Social Control 8
The Organization of the Book 11
2 The Solidaristic Theory of Social Order 13
How Social Order Emerges as an Unintended Consequence of Group Solidarity 14
How Groups Produce Solidarity 16
Conclusion 19
Part 2 Social Institutions
3 The Education System: Social Initiation 23
Dependence and Normative Obligations 24
Visibility, Monitoring, and Sanctioning 34
Conclusion 37
4 Work: A Continuation 39
Dependence and Normative Obligations 40
Visibility, Monitoring, and Sanctioning 46
Conclusion 49
5 The Family 51
Division of Labor 51
Family Patterns 56
Relationship to Social Control 58
Conclusion 59
6 Crime 61
Theories of Crime 63
The Japanese Social Structure and Its Relationship to Crime 68
Conclusion 77
Part 3 Nonintuitive Consequences
7 Crime Revisited: White-Collar Crimes 81
Refining Our Concept of White-Collar Crime 82
Companies as Subcultures 85
Examples of White-Collar Crime in Japan 88
Conclusion 91
8 The Religious Landscape of Japan 93
Religion in Japan 93
The Japanese Social Structure and Its Impact on Religion 98
Empirical Support 100
Conclusion 103
9 Trust 105
Are Japanese Group-Oriented? 105
Generalized Trust 107
Redefining a Culture of Collectivism 114
Conclusion 116
Part 4 Speculations and Conclusions
10 The Emergence of Cooperative Social Institutions 121
What Are Cooperative Social Institutions? 121
How Do Cooperative Social Institutions Emerge? 124
How Did the Unique Cooperative Institutions Emerge Only in Japan? 129
Conclusion 131
11 Conclusion 133
References 139
Index 151
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