Organic Chemicals an Environmental Perspective / Edition 1

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Organic Chemicals: An Environmental Perspective brings together the ba sic issues of chemical analysis, distribution, persistence, and ecotox icology. The author illustrates each point with specific examples and presents a mechanistic approach to microbial reactions. Extensive cro ss referencing between chapters provides cohesion and complete coverag e of issues tangential to each topic. The new edition has been extensi vely revised, and contains a new appendix, a new chapter, plus further revised information throughout the book. In fact, it is a completely new book. A major difficulty in environmental science is that much of the background is widely scattered in the specialized chemical, micro biological, and biological literature. The coverage of all these areas in a single volume, the coherence supplied by the cross references, a nd the extensive references to the original literature makes Organic C hemicals: An Environmental Perspective a unique resource.

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Editorial Reviews

In this revised edition of (published around 1994), microbiologist Neilson brings together the basic issues of chemical analysis, distribution, persistence, and ecotoxicology, with an emphasis upon microbial reactions. He includes a wide range of structurally diverse compounds as illustration and adopts a mechanistic approach to degradation and transformation. Eight chapters discuss introductory material, analysis, partition (distribution, transport, and mobility), persistence (general orientation), pathways of degradation and biotransformation, ecotoxicology, and microbiological aspects of bioremediation. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566703765
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/20/1999
  • Edition description: REVISED
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 912
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 2.15 (d)

Table of Contents

Extraction and Cleanup
Procedures Involving Chemical Reactions: Derivatization
Identification and Quantification: Basic Definitions
General Comments
Partition: Distribution, Transport, and Mobility
Partition in Biota: Uptake of Xenobiotics From the Aqueous Phase
Partition Between Water, and Sediment or Soil phases
Phase Heterogeneity: Dissolved Organic Carbon and Interstitial Water
Partitions into the Atmosphere
Dissemination of Xenobiotics
Persistence: General Orientation
Abiotic Reactions
Biotic Reactions
Mechanisms for the Introduction of Oxygen
Persistence: Experimental Aspects
Abiotic Reactions
Microbial Reactions
Design of Experiments on Biodegredation and Biotransformation
Experimental Problems: Water Solubility, Volatility, Sampling and Association of the Substrate with Microbial Cells
Procedures for Elucidating Metabolic Pathways
Use of Surrogate Substrates to Induce Enzymatic Activity
Procedures for Analysis of Degradative Populations
Classification and Identification of Organisms
Pathways of Degradation and Biotransformation
Aerobic Degradation of Non-Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Compounds
Aerobic Degradation of Hetercyclic Aromatic Compounds
Degradation of Halogenated Alkanes and Alkenes
Aerobic Degradation of Halogenated Aromatic Compounds
Anaerobic Metabolism of Halogenated Aromatic Compounds
Reactions Carried Out by Anaerobic Bacteria Other Than Dehalogenation
Choice of Test Species in Laboratory Tests
Experimental Determinants
Test Systems: Single Organisms
Test Systems: Several Organisms
Metabolism of Xenobiotics by Higher Organisms
Biomarkers: Biochemical and Physiological End-Points
A Wider Perspective
Microbiological Aspects of Bioremediation
Representative Sites
A Hierarchical Strategy
Concluding Comments

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