Organic Materials in Civil Engineering / Edition 1

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Overview

This book provides an inventory of organic materials and products, the major components of all civil engineering projects, in terms of their scientific and technical background, including the regulations that cover their use and their predicted useful life.

Such materials include: bitumen on the roads; geotextiles for retaining walls; membranes for bridges; tunnel and reservoir waterproofing; paint binders to protect metallic and concrete structures or to create road markings; injection resins; gluing products; concrete admixtures; and composite materials.

The presentation is based on a physicochemical approach, which is essential if these products are to be considered as part of sustainable development: as such, those studying or working in these fields will find this an invaluable source of information.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781905209118
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/4/2008
  • Series: ISTE Series , #629
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 356
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.39 (h) x 0.97 (d)

Meet the Author

Yves Mouton is a chemical engineer and a specialist in civil engineering. He has been active for nearly 40 years at the LCPC (Central Laboratory for Structures and Roads) in Paris and is Professor of Materials Science at the ENTPE (State national school of public works).

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Table of Contents

Introduction.

Chapter 1. Organic Polymers.

1.1. Definitions.

1.2. Macromolecular structure.

1.3. Synthesis of polymers.

1.4. Processing: thermoplastics and thermosets.

1.5. Elastomers.

1.6. Preliminary conclusions.

1.7. Crystalline polymers and amorphous polymers: glass transition.

1.8. Mechanical behaviors of polymers: time-temperature equivalence.

1.9. Miscibility of polymers: concept of alloy.

1.10. Durability and aging of polymers: life cycles.

1.11. Organic materials, the environment and health: evolution of the market.

1.12. Main organic and organo-metallic polymers used in civil engineering.

1.13. General conclusion.

Chapter 2. Organic Binders I. Bitumen and Road Construction.

2.1. General terminology.

2.2. Manufacture of bitumen.

2.3. Physico-chemical composition of bitumens.

2.4. Various forms of bitumen.

2.5. Usage properties of paving bitumen.

2.6. Adhesiveness.

2.7. Rheological properties.

2.8. Aging of bitumen.

2.9. Limits in the use of bitumen: quest for an ideal binder.

2.10. Modified bitumens, bitumens with additives and special bitumens.

2.11. Regeneration binders.

2.12. Other uses of bitumen in civil engineering.

2.13. General conclusion.

Chapter 3. Organic Binders II. Materials for the Conservation of Heritage and Safety.

3.1. Concrete repair and protection products.

3.2. Paints for civil engineering.

3.3. Conclusions.

Chapter 4. Manufactured Products.

4.1. Organic materials and the waterproofing of structures.

4.2. Geosynthetics.

4.3. Products for light geotechnical structures.

4.4. Other uses of synthetic organic materials in civil engineering.

4.5. Industrial wood used in civil engineering.

4.6. Conclusion.

Chapter 5. Gluing and Composite Materials: Concrete Admixtures.

5.1. Gluing and its potential applications in civil engineering.

5.2. Organic matrix composite materials.

5.3. Concrete admixtures.

5.4. General conclusions.

Chapter 6. Physico-Chemical Characterization of Organic Materials Used in Construction.

6.1. Chemical analysis of formulated products.

6.2. Infrared spectrometry.

6.3. Methods of fractionation.

6.4. Thermal methods.

6.5. Quantitative analysis and functional assays.

6.6. General diagram for in-depth analysis of complex mixtures.

6.7. Conclusions.

Chapter 7. Organic Materials, Civil Engineering and Sustainable Development Prospective Thoughts from Experts.

7.1. Economic reality of synthetic materials in civil engineering.

7.2. Bitumens in civil engineering: their place and their future.

7.3. Organic polymers in building: development and tendencies.

7.4. Importance of a physico-chemical approach in the behavior of the materials – with damage as an example.

7.5. Organic chemistry and molecular engineering: the future of cementing materials?

7.6. Synthetic organic materials and architecture.

7.7. Assessment of environmental impact of organic materials.

7.8. Assessment of health hazards of organic materials.

Bibliography.

Abbreviations.

Index.

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