Organic Pollutants : An Ecotoxicological Perspective

Overview

Difficult to measure accurately and deal with effectively, organic pollutants continue to be a major hazard in the environment. Significantly expanded, the second edition of Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective describes the mechanistic basis of ecotoxicology, using major groups of pollutants as illustrative examples, and explores the problem of complex ...

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Overview

Difficult to measure accurately and deal with effectively, organic pollutants continue to be a major hazard in the environment. Significantly expanded, the second edition of Organic Pollutants: An Ecotoxicological Perspective describes the mechanistic basis of ecotoxicology, using major groups of pollutants as illustrative examples, and explores the problem of complex mixtures of chemicals.


New in the Second Edition:




  • Expanded coverage of complex pollution problems and the exploitation of recent scientific and technological developments to investigate them

  • New chapters: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals and their Environmental Impacts and Neurotoxicity and Behavioral Effects

  • Additional information on biomarker approaches and new technologies, such as microarrays assays, developed to address complex pollution problems


Tried-and-True Format Presents Updated Information


Keeping the same format that made the first edition so popular, the text begins with coverage of the basic principles underpinning the environmental behavior and effects of organic pollutants. It then describes the properties and ecotoxicology of major pollutants, discusses some issues that arise after consideration of the material in the second part of the text, and explores future prospects.


Mechanistic Approach Provides Basis for Development of New Strategies


The book takes a bottom up approach, describing the mechanisms by which pollutants have harmful effects on living organisms and how these effects are translated into adverse changes at the populationlevel. This mechanistic approach supplies the basis for development of new mechanistic biomarker assays, which in turn provide measures of toxic effect and not merely of exposure, and subsequently provide evidence of causality between pollutant levels and ecological changes.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781420062595
  • Publisher: Netlibrary Inc
  • Publication date: 3/25/2009
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 408

Table of Contents

Pt. 1 Basic Principles

Ch. 1 Chemical Warfare 3

Ch. 2 Factors Determining the Toxicity of Organic Pollutants to Animals and Plants 17

Ch. 3 Influence of the Properties of Chemicals on Their Environmental Fate 67

Ch. 4 Distribution and Effects of Chemicals in Communities and Ecosystems 75

Pt. 2 Major Organic Pollutants

Ch. 5 The Organochlorine Insecticides 101

Ch. 6 Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Polybrorninated Biphenyls 133

Ch. 7 Polychlorinated Dihenzodioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans 151

Ch. 8 Organometallic Compounds 163

Ch. 9 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons 181

Ch. 10 Organophosphorus and Carbamate Insecticides 193

Ch. 11 Anticoagulant Rodenticides 219

Ch. 12 Pyrethroid Insecticides 231

Pt. 3 Further Issues and Future Prospects

Ch. 13 Dealing with Complex Pollution Problems 243

Ch. 14 The Ecotoxicological Effects of Herbicides 257

Ch. 15 Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals and Their Environmental Impacts R. M. Goodhead Goodhead, R. M. C. R. Tyler Tyler, C. R. 265

Ch. 16 Neurotoxicity and Behavioral Effects of Environmental Chemicals 293

Ch. 17 Organic Pollutants: Future Prospects 319

Glossary 331

References 337

Index 377

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