Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration: A Hybrid Approach / Edition 1

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Research on organic electronics (or plastic electronics) is driven by the need to create systems that are lightweight, unbreakable, and mechanically flexible. With the remarkable improvement in the performance of organic semiconductor materials during the past few decades, organic electronics appeal to innovative, practical, and broad-impact applications requiring large-area coverage, mechanical flexibility, low-temperature processing, and low cost. Thus, organic electronics appeal to a broad range of electronic devices and products including transistors, diodes, sensors, solar cells, lighting, displays, and electronic identification and tracking devices A number of commercial opportunities have been identified for organic thin film transistors (OTFTs), ranging from flexible displays, electronic paper, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, smart cards, to low-cost disposable electronic products, and more are continually being invented as the technology matures. The potential applications for 'plastic electronics' are huge but several technological hurdles must be overcome. In many of these applications, transistor serves as a fundamental building block to implement the necessary electronic functionality. Hence, research in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) or organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is eminently pertinent to the development and realization of organic electronics. This book presents a comprehensive investigation of the production and application of a variety of polymer based transistor devices and circuits. It begins with a detailed overview of Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) and discusses the various possible fabrication methods reported so far. This is followed by two major sections on the choice, optimization and implementation of the gate dielectric material to be used. Details of the effects of processing on the efficiency of the contacts are then provided. The book concludes with a chapter on the in

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"As a result of the detailed and thorough analysis as well as thefocused narrative and the generous use of illustrations, the bookwill prove quite useful not only for specialists working in thefield of organic electronics, but also for interested graduatestudents in materials science or electrical engineering . . . .Thelayout of the book is clean and professional, as one would expectfrom a Wiley-VCH product . . . Overall, a very recommendablecontribution." (Materials Views, 29 July 2011)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783527409594
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 6/7/2011
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 270
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Flora M. Li is a Research Associate at the Centre of AdvancedPhotonics and Electronics (CAPE) at the University of Cambridge,UK. She received her Ph.D. degree in Electrical and ComputerEngineering from the University of Waterloo, Canada in 2008. Shewas a Visiting Scientist at Xerox Research Centre of Canada (XRCC)from 2005-2008. Her research interests are in the field of nano-and thin-film technology for applications in large area andflexible electronics, including displays, sensors, photovoltaics,circuits and systems. She has co-authored a book entitled CCD ImageSensors in Deep-Ultraviolet (2005), and published in variousscientific journals.

Arokia Nathan holds the Sumitomo/STS Chair of Nanotechnology at theLondon Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, UK. Heis also the CTO of Ignis Innovation Inc., Waterloo, Canada, acompany he founded to commercialize technology on thin film siliconbackplanes on rigid and flexible substrates for large areaelectronics. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering fromthe University of Alberta, Canada, in 1988. In 1987, he joined LSILogic Corp., Santa Clara, CA, USA where he worked on advancedmulti-chip packaging techniques. Subsequently, he was at theInstitute of Quantum Electronics, ETH Zürich, Switzerland. In1989, he joined the Department of Electrical and ComputerEngineering, University of Waterloo. In 1995, he was a VisitingProfessor at the Physical Electronics Laboratory, ETH Zürich,Switzerland. In 1997 he held the DALSA/NSERC Industrial ResearchChair in sensor technology, and was a recipient of the 2001 NaturalSciences and Engineering Research Council E.W.R. SteacieFellowship. In 2004 he was awarded the Canada Research Chair innano-scale flexible circuits. In 2005/2006, he was a VisitingProfessor in the Engineering Department, University of Cambridge,U.K. In 2006, he joined the London Centre for Nanotechnology and isa recipient of the Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. Hehas published extensively in the field of sensor technology, CAD,and thin film transistor electronics, and has over 40 patentsfiled/awarded. He is the co-author of two books, MicrotransducerCAD and CCD Image Sensors in Deep-Ultraviolet, published in 1999and 2005, respectively, and serves on technical committees andeditorial boards at various capacities.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1 Organic Electronics: History and Market
2. Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFT): Overview
2.1 Organic Semiconductor Overview
2.2 OTFT Operation and Characteristics
2.3 OTFT Device Architecture
2.4 OTFT Device Material Selection
2.5 Summary
3. OTFT Integration Strategies
3.1 Technological Challenge inOTFT Integration
3.2 Overview of Processing and Fabrication Techniques
3.3 OTFT Fabrication Schemes
3.4 Summary
4. Gate Dielectric by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition(PECVD)
4.1 Overview of Gate Dielectrics
4.2 Experimental Details and Characterization Methods
4.3 Material Characterization of PECVD SiNx Films
4.4 Electrical Characterization of OTFTs with PECVD GateDielectrics
4.5 Summary
5. Dielectric Interface Engineering
5.1 Background
5.2 Experimental Details
5.3 Impact of Dieletric Surface Treatments
5.4 Impact of Oxygen Plasma Exposure Conditions
5.5 Summary
6. Contact Interface Engineering
6.1 Background
6.2 Experimental Details
6.3 Impact of Contact Surface Treatment by Thiol SAM
6.4 Impact of Execution Sequence of Surface Treatment
6.5 Summary
7. OTFT Circuits and Systems
7.1 OTFT Requirements for Circuit Applications
7.2 Applications
7.3 Circuit Demonstration
7.4 Summary, Contributions, and Outlook
8. Outlook and Future Challenges

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