Organizations / Edition 2

Organizations / Edition 2

by James G. March, Herbert A. Simon
     
 

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ISBN-10: 063118631X

ISBN-13: 9780631186311

Pub. Date: 05/17/1993

Publisher: Wiley

This book provides the original and definitive treatments of such fundamental concepts as bounded rationality, attention focus, and problem solving.

Overview

This book provides the original and definitive treatments of such fundamental concepts as bounded rationality, attention focus, and problem solving.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780631186311
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
05/17/1993
Edition description:
2nd ed
Pages:
300
Sales rank:
877,661
Product dimensions:
0.67(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figuresvii
Acknowledgmentsviii
Introduction to the Second Edition1
1Organizational Behavior20
1.1The Significance of Organizations as Social Institutions21
1.2The Literature of Organization Theory23
1.3Organization of This Book25
1.4Some Types of Propositions26
1.5Some Psychological Postulates28
2"Classical" Organization Theory31
2.1Taylor's Scientific Management31
2.2Theories of Departmentalization40
2.3Operational and Empirical Problems of Classical Administrative Science49
2.4Conclusion52
3Motivational Constraints: Intraorganizational Decisions53
3.1Influence Processes54
3.2Theories of Bureaucracy55
3.3Satisfaction and Productivity66
3.4Motivation to Produce71
3.5Conclusion101
4Motivational Constraints: The Decision to Participate103
4.1The Theory of Organizational Equilibrium103
4.2The Participants108
4.3Employee Participation: The Participation Criterion110
4.4Employee Participation: The General Model112
4.5Factors Affecting the Perceived Desirability of Movement from the Organization113
4.6Factors Affecting the Perceived Ease of Movement from the Organization119
4.7Extension to Other Participants125
4.8Opportunism and Organizational Survival128
4.9Conclusion130
5Conflict in Organizations132
5.1Individual Conflict133
5.2Organizational Conflict: Individual Conflict Within an Organization137
5.3Organizational Conflict: Intergroup Conflict Within an Organization140
5.4Organizational Reaction to Conflict149
5.5Interorganizational Conflict152
5.6Conclusion155
6Cognitive Limits on Rationality157
6.1The Concept of Rationality158
6.2Performance Programs in Organizations163
6.3Perception and Identifications172
6.4The Division of Work179
6.5Communication182
6.6Organization Structure and the Boundaries of Rationality190
7Planning and Innovation in Organizations193
7.1The Concept of Initiation193
7.2The Process of Innovation197
7.3The Occasions of Innovation203
7.4The Elaboration of Programs207
7.5Organization Level and Innovation215
7.6The Planning Process221
7.7Conclusion232
Postscript234
Bibliography236
Numerical Index to Variables276
Index281

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