Organizing, Role Enactment, and Disaster: A Structural Theory

Overview

The research summarized here builds directly on an earlier volume by Gary A. Kreps, Social Structure and Disaster (University of Delaware Press, 1989). In this second book, Kreps and Susan Bosworth - and their colleagues - construct from the archives of the Disaster Research Center a formal theory of role enactment and organizing during the emergency period of disaster. Their work has been guided by Ralph Turner's critique of an earlier study by Bosworth and Kreps and, more important, Turner's own theorizing ...
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Overview

The research summarized here builds directly on an earlier volume by Gary A. Kreps, Social Structure and Disaster (University of Delaware Press, 1989). In this second book, Kreps and Susan Bosworth - and their colleagues - construct from the archives of the Disaster Research Center a formal theory of role enactment and organizing during the emergency period of disaster. Their work has been guided by Ralph Turner's critique of an earlier study by Bosworth and Kreps and, more important, Turner's own theorizing about role systems. A summary of the strengths and limitations of the archives for theory building, Turner's critique of the earlier study - and an extensive response to that critique - can be found in chapters 1-3 of the book. A precise conception and measurement of role enactment and organizing are then detailed in chapters 4 and 5. Three core dimensions of role are captured empirically as organizing unfolds: role allocation, role complementarity, and role differentiation. Role allocation refers to stability or change in the assumption of post-disaster roles; role complementarity means stability or change in linkages among post-disaster roles; and role differentiation is the stability or change in the performance of post-disaster roles. Organizing is represented by a structural code having four elements: domains (D), tasks (T), human and material resources (R), and activities (A). The code is used to empirically record differences between formal organizing and collective behavior as the most immediate structural setting within which role enactment occurs. The three dimensions of role and a composite measure of role enactment are modeled in chapter 6 for 257 role incumbents in 106 organized responses. Model findings suggest that the stability or change of role enactment is influenced directly by such factors as the severity of disaster events; the structural form, type, and timing of organizing; role experience, disaster experience, and formal disaster pre
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781611491616
  • Publisher: University of Delaware Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1994
  • Pages: 221
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables 9
Foreword 13
Acknowledgments 15
1 Disaster Archives, a Research Program, and Sociological Theory 19
2 Structure as Process: Organization and Role 38
3 A Dialogue on Disaster, Organization, and Role 66
4 Role Dynamics and Emergent Organizations: Conception and Measurement 86
5 Role Dynamics at the Individual Level of Analysis 114
6 Modeling Individual Role Dynamics 138
7 A Theory of Disaster, Organization, and Role 165
Appendix A: Means, Standard Deviations, and Correlations of Model Variables Chapter 2 192
Appendix B: Means, Standard Deviations, and Correlations of Model Variables Chapter 6 192
Appendix C: Data Protocol for the Theory Chapter 7 193
Notes 198
Bibliography 209
Index 217
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