Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire
  • Alternative view 1 of Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire
  • Alternative view 2 of Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire

Orientalism and Race: Aryanism in the British Empire

4.0 1
by T. Ballantyne, Richard Drayton, Megan Vaughan
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

This study traces the emergence and dissemination of Aryanism within the British Empire. The idea of an Aryan race became an important feature of imperial culture in the nineteenth century, feeding into debates in Britain, Ireland, India, and the Pacific. The global reach of the Aryan idea reflected the complex networks that enabled the global reach of British

Overview

This study traces the emergence and dissemination of Aryanism within the British Empire. The idea of an Aryan race became an important feature of imperial culture in the nineteenth century, feeding into debates in Britain, Ireland, India, and the Pacific. The global reach of the Aryan idea reflected the complex networks that enabled the global reach of British Imperialism. Tony Ballantyne charts the shifting meanings of Aryanism within these 'webs' of Empire.

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

'An impressive first book...His grasp of three imperial locations...makes for a powerful analysis. It is an important piece of work and deserves to be widely read.' - Catherine Hall, Journal of Modern History

'Tony Ballantyne has done a masterful job... an excellent start for historians interested in tracing a world system of ideas. The work...will appeal to a broad audience of scholars. I recommend it to anyone interested in New Zealand, India, the intellectual foundations of imperialism, Orientalism in general, or simply the history of ideas.' - Journal of World History

'An important work...innovative and lucid...Combining a wide-ranging comparative framework with rigorous analysis of textual links and intellectual influences, the work has broken the mould of intellectual histories of the British empire. Ballantyne has done imperial history a major service.' - History Workshop Journal

'This is no token attempt at transnational history. It is the real thing.' - James Belich, American Historical Review

'...stands out from its contemporaries in presenting the empire...' - Mrinalini Sinha, Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History

'Orientalism and Race is a roaming work that encapsulates more material than one would have thought possible in fewer than 200 pages...provides a new perspective on the study of history, colonialism and the humanities.' - Ian Malcolmson, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780230507036
Publisher:
Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date:
01/09/2007
Series:
Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series
Edition description:
2002
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
5.51(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.02(d)

Meet the Author

TONY BALLANTYNE is Lecturer in History at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. His research focuses on the interconnections between South Asian and British history, with a particular emphasis on the intellectual and cultural networks that reshaped South Asia in the nineteenth century. His other publications include Between Colonialism and Diaspora: Sikh Cultural Formations in an Imperial World (2006) and Bodies in Contact: Rethinking Colonial encounters in World History (2005), co-edited with Antoinette Burton.

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >

Orientalism And Race: Aryanism in the British Empire 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
In the 1760s, as the British Empire expanded into Asia and the Pacific, its rulers proposed that certain peoples could be understood, and privileged, as a separate `Aryan¿ race. Aryanism suggested that this whole region had originally been peopled by successive waves of vigorous Aryans, culminating in British colonisation. Ballantyne traces how this idea ¿was used to naturalise, justify and celebrate British colonisation of South Asia.¿ Chapters 1 and 6 look at imperial notions of India, which were used as a template for understanding other colonised societies. Chapters 2 to 5 examine how the Empire used these to try to control New Zealand¿s Maori society. As ever, the empire exploited existing social divisions, to divide and rule, while claiming that it freed the most exploited from bonds of caste and priestly power. It called its domination `liberation¿, its exploitation `development¿ and its wars `pacifications¿. Unfortunately, Ballantyne commits what we may call the scholarly fallacy, asserting that the empire was woven together by webs of relationships, modes of discourse, rather than hammered into place by the capitalist mode of production. Only in passing does he note that the East India Company, the revenue manager for Bengal, collected increased revenues while famine killed a third of the people. Under Empire, rule, regular famines, in 1770, 1783 and throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, killed tens of millions. Ballantyne does not challenge the imperial myth that settlers, both military and missionary, benefit the host country, not their own individual gain. This is now transmuted into the liberal myth that immigrants benefit the host country. He claims that there was a `progressive¿ side of Aryanism, inclusive, globalising and non-racist. He praises the imperial policies of free flows of labour and products and ideas, and he opposes all forms of nationalism as exclusive and racist. This fits neatly into the Empire¿s hostility to `backward-looking¿ nationalism, and it also suits US imperial policy today. But empire is always undemocratic, because it is based on rule by one class over other nations. Empire benefits its rulers, never the peoples, whatever the forms in which people think.