The Origin and Evolution of Cultures / Edition 1

The Origin and Evolution of Cultures / Edition 1

by Robert Boyd, Peter J. Richerson
     
 

ISBN-10: 019518145X

ISBN-13: 9780195181456

Pub. Date: 01/20/2005

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms

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Overview

Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195181456
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
01/20/2005
Series:
Evolution and Cognition Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
464
Sales rank:
1,227,196
Product dimensions:
9.20(w) x 6.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

1Social learning as an adaptation19
2Why does culture increase human adaptability?35
3Why culture is common, but cultural evolution is rare52
4Climate, culture, and the evolution of cognition66
5Norms and bounded rationality83
6The evolution of ethnic markers103
7Shared norms and the evolution of ethnic markers118
8The evolution of reciprocity in sizable groups145
9Punishment allows the evolution of cooperation (or anything else) in sizable groups166
10Why people punish defectors : weak conformist transmission can stabilixe costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas189
12Group-beneficial norms can spread rapidly in a structured population227
13The evolution of altruistic punishment241
14Cultural evolution of human cooperation251
15How microevolutionary proceses give rise to history287
16Are cultural phylogenies possible?310
17Was agriculture impossible during the Pleistocene but mandatory during the Holocene? : a climate change hypothesis337
18Rationality, imitation, and tradition379
19Simple models of complex phenomena : the case of cultural evolution397
20Memes : universal acid or a better mousetrap?420

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