The Original Vermonters: Native Inhabitants, Past and Present / Edition 1

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“In a thoroughly enjoyable and readable book Haviland and Power effectively shatter the myth that Indians never lived in Vermont.”—Library Journal

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An extraordinarily fine book about the entire time range of Native American presence in Vermont . . . Those interested in studying Northeastern Indians (past and present) and the Vermont Abenaki themselves should be delighted with this publication." —American Indian Culture and Research Journal

“Utilizing archaeological site reports, unpublished manuscripts, and previous scholarly publications, Haviland and Power present an informative sociohistorical analysis of the Native American story in northern New England . . . This work serves to challenge and correct many misconceptions.”—Choice

“Although it is a book whose scholarship will stand up, it is written for the general reader . . . The result is a story—clear, informative, and moving easily— . . . a pleasant book which I have read with relish.”—Gordon M. Day, Vermont History

“A refreshing synthesis by competent scholars . . . An excellent starting point for serious and intelligent nonprofessionals, and a bench mark against which future progress will be measured.”—Dean R. Snow, Ethnohistory

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780874516678
  • Publisher: Vermont
  • Publication date: 5/1/1994
  • Edition description: Rev. ed.
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 362
  • Sales rank: 945,837
  • Product dimensions: 6.03 (w) x 9.01 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

WILLIAM A. HAVILAND is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Vermont and author of Cultural Anthropology (7th ed., 1993). MARJORY W. POWER is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Vermont and author of articles and archaeological reports on Vermont's prehistoric period.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Revised Edition
1 Introduction 1
Native Peoples of Vermont 2
Linguistic Affiliations 3
The Environmental Setting 7
Chronology 11
Radiocarbon Dating 13
Archaeological Method 14
Ethnohistoric Method 15
2 The Beckoning Country: Paleoindians Come to Vermont 17
Late Glacial Environments 17
The Reagen Site 19
Other Paleoindian Sites in Vermont 25
Paleoindians and the Late Glacial Environment 27
How Paleoindians Came to Vermont 30
3 The Archaic: A New Way of Life Comes to Vermont 38
The Origin of Archaic Culture 39
Early Archaic Culture in Vermont 40
Middle Archaic Culture in Vermont 47
Late Archaic Culture in Vermont 49
Ketcham's Island and the Vergennes Archaic 49
Other Vergennes Archaic Sites 54
The Age of the Vergennes Archaic 58
The Origin and Significance of Ground Stone Tools 59
Linguistic Relationships 65
Evolution of the Vergennes Archaic 67
Glacial Kame Burials 74
The Archaic as a Way of Life 82
4 The Woodland Period in Vermont: Variations on the Archaic Theme 85
The Early Woodland Period 87
The Boucher Site 91
Other Early Woodland Cemeteries 101
Early Woodland Habitation Sites 106
Early Woodland Culture 110
The Middle Woodland Period and the Winooski Site 111
Other Middle Woodland Sites in the Winooski Intervale 126
Middle Woodland Sites Elsewhere in Vermont 128
The Late Woodland Period 133
The Skitchewaug Site and the Adoption of Horticulture 135
Other Connecticut Valley Sites 141
Horticulture in the Champlain Valley: The Donohue Site 143
Other Late Woodland Sites in the Champlain Valley 145
The St. Lawrence Iroquois and the "Iroquois Problem" 152
5 Life in Vermont at the Dawn of Recorded History 155
The Western Abenakis and Their Neighbors 155
Western Abenaki Settlement and Subsistence 158
Technology 168
Western Abenaki Social Organization 174
Political Organization 179
Western Abenaki Life Cycle 182
Western Abenaki Worldview 186
Social Control in Western Abenaki Society 197
Roots of Abenaki Culture 201
6 The European Takeover of Vermont: Two Hundred Years of Turmoil 205
Epidemics and Plague 207
The Fur Trade 211
The British Menace 219
The Abenaki-Iroquoian Wars 224
The Abenaki-British Wars 226
British Encroachment 238
The Allens and Usurpation by the New United States 242
7 Survival and Renewal: The Last Two Hundred Years 247
The Continuing Abenaki Presence 247
The Survival of Abenaki Traditions 250
The Abenaki Renewal 255
The Abenakis Today 260
App. A. Lease to James Robertson, Swanton Falls (1765) 273
App. B. Odanak and Becancour Abenaki Band Council Resolution of 1976 275
App. C. Odanak and Becancour Abenaki Band Council Resolution of 1977 276
App. D. State of Vermont Executive Order of 1976 277
App. E. State of Vermont Executive Order of 1977 280
Bibliographic Notes 283
Bibliography 303
Index 327
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