Origins of Conflict in Afghanistan

Origins of Conflict in Afghanistan

by Jeffery Roberts
     
 

ISBN-10: 0275978788

ISBN-13: 9780275978785

Pub. Date: 12/30/2003

Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated

Focusing on Afghanistan's relations with the West during the latter half of the 20th century, this study offers new insights on the long-term origins of the nation's recent tragedies. Roberts finds that, since the 1930s in particular, Afghanistan pursued policies far more complex, and considerably more pro-Western, than previous studies have surmised. By the end of

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Overview

Focusing on Afghanistan's relations with the West during the latter half of the 20th century, this study offers new insights on the long-term origins of the nation's recent tragedies. Roberts finds that, since the 1930s in particular, Afghanistan pursued policies far more complex, and considerably more pro-Western, than previous studies have surmised. By the end of the Second World War, Britain and Afghanistan seemed headed toward an extensive partnership in military and economic affairs. Opportunities to cement Afghanistan to the West existed, but ultimately ran afoul of regional politics, shortsighted policy, and indifference.

The rise of the Indian nationalist movement and the eventual partition of India would have strategic ramifications for Afghanistan. Pakistan and India, weakened and poised against each other, saw no reason to aid the Kabul regime, leaving only the United States as a potential benefactor. Successive American administrations, however, denied most Afghan requests. When the Eisenhower administration extended support to Pakistan, it alienated Afghan leaders, who then chose to broker a deal with the Soviet Union. Roberts analyzes recent American policy toward Afghanistan and its neighbors, clarifying the current situation and offering guidelines for future relations.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780275978785
Publisher:
ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
12/30/2003
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
292
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.69(d)

Table of Contents

Anglo-Afghan Relations: The 19th-Century Background

The First Anglo-Afghan War

The Second Anglo-Afghan War

The Reign of Abdur Rahman: Afghanistan as Buffer State

The Dawn of Anglo-Afghan Cooperation

The Rise and Fall of Amanullah: A Lesson in Modernization

Toward Greater Cooperation: Nadir Shah and Hashim Khan

Afghanistan in World War II and the Origins of the Lancaster Plan

The Partition of India and Its Impact on Afghanistan

Afghanistan, British Strategy, and the Decision for Partition

The Transfer of Power on the Northwest Frontier

The Strategic Ramifications of Partition

American Policy toward South Asia

The Truman Administration and American Policy in South Asia

The Eisenhower Administration and the Alliance with Pakistan

American Policy toward Afghanistan

The Truman Administration and Afghanistan

The Eisenhower Administration, Afghanistan, and the Alliances

Consequences

Mohammed Daoud, Soviet-Afghan Agreements, and the Road to War

Summary and Conclusions

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