The Origins of Israel, 1882-1948: A Documentary History

Overview

In 1880 the Jewish community in Palestine encompassed some 20,000 Orthodox Jews; within sixty-five years it was transformed into a secular proto-state with well-developed political, military, and economic institutions, a vigorous Hebrew-language culture, and some 600,000 inhabitants. The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History chronicles the making of modern Israel before statehood, providing in English the texts of original sources (many translated from Hebrew and other languages) accompanied by ...

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The Origins of Israel, 1882-1948: A Documentary History

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Overview

In 1880 the Jewish community in Palestine encompassed some 20,000 Orthodox Jews; within sixty-five years it was transformed into a secular proto-state with well-developed political, military, and economic institutions, a vigorous Hebrew-language culture, and some 600,000 inhabitants. The Origins of Israel, 1882–1948: A Documentary History chronicles the making of modern Israel before statehood, providing in English the texts of original sources (many translated from Hebrew and other languages) accompanied by extensive introductions and commentaries from the volume editors.
    This sourcebook assembles a diverse array of 62 documents, many of them unabridged, to convey the ferment, dissent, energy, and anxiety that permeated the Zionist project from its inception to the creation of the modern nation of Israel. Focusing primarily on social, economic, and cultural history rather than Zionist thought and diplomacy, the texts are organized in themed chapters. They present the views of Zionists from many political and religious camps, factory workers, farm women, militants, intellectuals promoting the Hebrew language and arts—as well as views of ultra-Orthodox anti-Zionists. The volume includes important unabridged documents from the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict that are often cited but are rarely read in full. The editors, Eran Kaplan and Derek J. Penslar, provide both primary texts and informative notes and commentary, giving readers the opportunity to encounter voices from history and make judgments for themselves about matters of world-historical significance.

Best Special Interest Books, selected by the Public Library Reviewers

Best Books for General Audiences, selected by the American Association of School Librarians

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“The intention of the editors of this indispensable collection of documents is for use as a classroom resource that might accompany a textbook, or as a stand alone source. I recommend this volume to faculty who teach university and graduate courses dealing with the history of Israel as well as the Zionist movement.”—Jack Fischel, Jewish Book Council

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299284947
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 12/1/2011
  • Series: Sources in Modern Jewish History Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Sales rank: 803,938
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Eran Kaplan is the Richard and Rhoda Goldman Professor in Israel Studies at San Francisco State University and author of The Jewish Radical Right, also published by the University of Wisconsin Press. Derek J. Penslar is the Samuel Zacks Professor of Jewish history at the University of Toronto. His most recent book is Israel in History: The Jewish State in Comparative Perspective.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 3

Section 1 The Roots Of The :New Yishuv 11

1 Letter of Complaint to the Settlers of Rishon Le-Tsion (1883)Baronedmond De Rothschild 18

12 Dispensation for the Sabbatical Year (1888) 21

3 The Rothschild Administration (1890) Mordechai Ben Hillel Ha-Kohen 24

4 Truth from Eretz Yisrael (1891) Ahad Ha-Am 39

5 Outline for an Agenda (1906)Ha-Po'el Ha-Tsa'ir 42

6 Platform (1906) and Proposal for a Program (1907)po'alei tsion 42

7 The Strike at Kinneret Farm (1911) David Ben-Gurion 46

8 The Yemenite Immigrants and Their Absorption in the Settlements (1913) Shmuel Yavnieli 50

9 Founding Statement (1909) Ha-Shomer 54

10 Letters from an Anonymous Farm Wife of the First Aliyah {1889) 57

11 Pioneer Women of the Second Aliyah 6

12 Jaffa Changes its Face (1907) Ze'ev Smilansky 82

Section II Building the Jewish National Home 85

13 The Selection of the Fittest (1919) Arthur Ruppin 94

14 The Collective Agricultural Settlements in Palestine (1927) Yitzhak Wilkansky 103

15 Song of the Valley (1934) Nathan Alterman 108

16 Going Down to the Sea (1937) David Ben-Gurion 110

17 Labor Incidents in Palestine (1925) W. Ormsby Gore 116

18 The Pechter Strike (1927) Anonymous Jewish Workers 119

19 The Labor Brigade (1926) 122

20 Tel Aviv (1933) Yitzhak Gruenbaum 126

21 Tel Aviv as a Jewish City (1939) 131

22 Platform for the 1931 Flections to the Representative Assembly (1931) 135

Union of United General Zionists

23 Thou Shalt Not Wear Sha'atnez (1929) Vladimir Jabotinsky 141

24 Betar and the Zionist Revolution (1932) Yehoshua Heschel Yevin 145

25 The Strike at the Froumine Biscuit Factory (1932) 149

26 Labor Disputes and Acts of Violence (1934) David Remez 152

27 Rabbi Herzog on the Chief Rabbinate (ca. 1948) 156

28 Public Announcement (1938) 161

The Neturei Karta Community of Haredi Jewry

Section III Forging a Modern Hebrew Culture in the Land of Israel 165

29 Plain Language Association (1889) Eliezer Ben Yehuda 171

30 How to Spread the Use of Hebrew (1927) Menachem Ussishkin 175

31 Purim Celebrations in Tel Aviv (1931) 180

32 The National and Cultural Importance of Bezalel (1930) Joseph Klausner 185

33 The Hebrew Stage: Moriah, not Acropolis (1926) Avigdor Hameiri 189

34 Mordechai Golinkin and the Palestine Opera (1927) 194

35 The Cinema Controversy in Tel Aviv (1932) 196

36 The Hebrew University (1925) Chaim Weizmann 198

Section IV Jewish-Arab Conflict and Zionist Responses 203

37 The Need for Defense (1919) Yitzhak Tabenkin 210

38 Tel Hai (1920) Y. H. Brenner 213

39 Yizkor (1920) Berl Katznelson 216

40 Response to the Arab Riots (1930) 218

The General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel

41 The Future of Zionist Policy (1932) Chaim Arlosoroff 235

42 On the Partition of Palestine (1937) David Ben-Gurion 239

43 Platform for Judeo-Arab Accord (1930) Chaim Margalit-Kalvarisky 245

44 Platform (1942) Ihud 253

45 On the Iron Wall (1923) Vladimir Jabotinsky 257

46 On Militarism (1929) Vladimir Jabotinsky 264

Section V World War II, The Holocaust, and the Yishuv 269

47 Diary (1940-41) Arthur Ruppin 275

48 Introduction to The Book of Valor (1941) Chaim Weizmann 284

49 On the Defense of Palestine and the Jews (1942) David Ben-Gureon 289

50 Origins of the Palmach (1941-42) 293

51 The Palmach's First Operations (1944) Yitzak Sadeh 297

52 The Palmach Anthem (1941) Zerubavel Gilad 302

53 Outlines of Zionist Policy (1941) David Ben-Gurion 304

54 Uberatingjerusalern (1942) Irgun Tzva'l Le'umi 318

55 Four Years (1943)Ha-Shomee Ha-Tsa'lr 325

56 Works by Avraham Stern and Lehi (i932-ca- 1943) 331

Section VI The Struggle for Palestinde And Establishment Of The state 337

57 The Silver Platter (1947) Nathan Alterman 344

58 AJewish Child's Letter to an Israeli Soldier (1948) 349

59 Public Opinion during the 1948 War 349

60 Radio Broadcasts from The Voice of Fighting Zion (1947) 358

61 DeirYassin(i948)The Voice Of Fighting Zion 368

62 The Status Quo Agreements (1947) 368

Glossary 373

For Further Reading 375

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